March 22: Gypsy and African-German children are expelled from German public schools.
April 6: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.
June 22: Germans attack the Soviet Union and begin to murder all Jews in their
July 8: Wearing of the Jewish star is decreed in the German-occupied Baltic
July 31: Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich to carry out "The Final
Solution" (extermination of all Jews in Europe).
September 15: Wearing of the Jewish star is decreed throughout the Greater
September 28-29: Russian and Polish prisoners of war are gassed in tests
conducted at Auschwitz death camp.
October-December: Mobile Killing Squads perform mass shootings of Jews in Baltic
States, Ukraine and former Soviet Union.
October 10: Theresienstadt Ghetto in Czechoslovakia is established
October 14: Deportation of German Jews begins
October 23: Massacre in Odessa -- 34,000 dead
October 28: Massacre in Kiev -- 34,000 dead
November 6: Massacre in Rovno -- 15,000 dead
December 7: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and the United States enters the War.
December 8: Chelmno extermination camp on the Ner River in Poland is opened
December 8: Massacre in Riga -- 27,000 dead
December 22: Massacre in Vilna -- 32,000 dead