Violence against Jews, Jewish Institutions and Property
Eighteen major attacks on Jews and Jewish property were reported during the
year, though many more likely went unreported to police or human rights
There were two cases involving violence against individuals on the basis of
their Jewish religion or ethnicity, compared to one such incident a year ago.
The number of incidents involving vandalism of Jewish cemeteries, one of the
most common types of hate crimes, decreased from 6 in 1999 to 2 in 2000. The
only category that saw a significant increase in 2000 was personal harassment.
Six such cases were reported to ADL, Jewish communities and law enforcement
agencies in 2000 compared to only one case in 1999.
Anti-Semitic incidents occurred in at least nine cities across the country in
2000, compared to seven locations a year before. The communities that were
directly affected by the manifestations of anti-Semitism in 2000 included such
varied locations as the western-most Russian city of Kaliningrad, Chelyabinsk in
east Russia, the central Russian city of Ryazan, the southern city of Nalchik in
the Caucasus mountains, and the small Siberian town of Samotlor.
Among the incidents that took place in 2000 were:
- the looting of a synagogue in Nalchik in May;
- arson attacks on synagogues and community centers in Moscow and
Kaliningrad in September and October;
- a raid on a Jewish Sunday school in Ryazan by neo-Nazi youth, who broke
windows and furniture and threatened teachers and students in September;
- vandalism in Jewish cemeteries in Nalchik and Nizhniy Novgorod in February
- the fire-bombing of a Jewish-run newspaper in Volgograd in November;
- the beating of three Orthodox Jewish schoolboys in Moscow in March.
Next: Anti-Semitism in Political Life