|August 5, 1999|
When the American Nationalist Party (formerly the Knights of Freedom)
launched its Web site in August 1998, it touted itself as a neo-Nazi "state within a
state" with a "stable power structure," seeking members "ready to take
back our nation and battle for the cause of Racial preservation." It appears that ANP
exploited the anonymity of the Internet to foster the illusion that it was a rapidly
growing neo-Nazi organization. In reality, ANP's Web site - and, indeed, the whole
organization - was run from the dormitory room of a college junior who hid behind a
pseudonym for fear that his background might discredit him in the eyes of other racists.
Focus on the Founder
ANP's founder and leader was born Andrew Britt Greenbaum, and is a
20-year-old student at Wofford College in Spartanburg, SC. Greenbaum legally changed his
name to Davis Wolfgang Hawke in 1996, but his attempt to affect Southern and German
lineage has not been entirely successful. When his birth name was uncovered earlier this
year, other extremists ridiculed Hawke for trying to mask his Jewish background. He
vociferously denies any Jewish heritage. Hawke's rebuttal to his critics takes up an
entire section on ANP's Web site. He claims that he is the product of an illicit affair
between his mother and a German man, and that his "stepfather's" name was
mistakenly put on his birth certificate. Hawke's mother denies his allegation.
Hawke, who majors in history and German, claims that his racist
ideology crystallized when he was a student at a multiracial high school in suburban
Boston: "Seeing the problems caused by the minority students and the blindness of the
white members of the community, I became determined to make a difference in the
Knights of Freedom (KOF) first came to the attention of authorities and
ADL in 1996 when Hawke and a friend distributed racist, anti-Government and anti-immigrant
flyers in Norwood, MA. At the time, KOF did not fashion itself as a neo-Nazi organization,
but rather as a pro-white "political movement dedicated to Freedom, Natural Order,
and the restoration of the traditional ideals of the founders of our Nation."
Knights Reborn as Nazis
Two years later, KOF resurfaced as an Internet-based organization that
unapologetically embraced neo-Nazism. KOF's Web site featured Hawke (who assumed the
pseudonym "Bo Decker" for his online activities) in a Nazi uniform with his arm
stretched in a "Heil Hitler" salute. KOF had now dedicated itself "to
establishing an Aryan homeland in the American West in which we may rebuild the glory of
the National Socialist Third Reich and provide a haven for all loyal Comrades throughout
Hawke's conversion to neo-Nazi ideology was complete. In a March 1999
speech to his followers, he said, "We must all carry with us in our hearts this
knowledge; that the dreams of Adolf Hitler have not faded away, but are just as alive
today as they were 60 years ago! The German army was defeated on the battlefield, but the
Ideals of Adolf Hitler live on in the hearts and souls of those who now carry the torch of
the Aryan peoples."
Hawke's grandiose view of "the Aryan peoples" is surpassed
only by the overblown image he promotes about his own organization: he recently claimed
that "KOF is now the largest National Socialist organization not only in this
country, but in fact throughout the entire world." Hawke claims to have 10,000
members, but no one seriously believes that he has more than a small fraction of that
amount. Other than Hawke's cohorts - including ANP's vice-president Jeff Kay; Deputy
Director "Dallas Knight"; Chief Party Secretary Patricia Lingerfelter; Security
Services and Stormtrooper Leader Matthew McKenna - and a handful of contact people around
the country, it is difficult to gauge the number of members.
Despite some leafleting of KOF propaganda, the group has had little
visibility beyond the Internet. Hawke announced a number of KOF events (including a rally
in Andrews, NC, against the "tyranny" of the Federal Government and the planned
appearance of KOF members at a community meeting against racism in Brooklyn, NY) that were
quietly abandoned. KOF's singular lack of any organized activity suggests that the group's
membership is very small. Nevertheless, Hawke predicted that, "By the end of ,
KOF will be a feared political force within this nation and a household name, a name which
strikes terror and horror into the heart of every Race traitor, every jewboy judge, every
race-mixing scum and every ZOG [Zionist Occupied Government] politician."
Spreading the Word: Hate Online
Although Hawke clearly exaggerated both the power and size of his
group, he has been able to reach like-minded individuals on the Internet. In early 1999,
KOF launched the E-mail-based "White Pride News Service" which purports to
distribute newsletters and updates about the group to "1,600 white racialists in 43
countries throughout the world." That Hawke and his fellow officers hid behind
pseudonyms and never followed through on public meetings or rallies did not seem to deter
potential members; KOF has apparently managed to recruit some members as a direct result
of such Internet activities.
Hawke's "Millennium Plan" - released in June 1999 - signaled
yet another transformation for KOF and its leader. As part of Hawke's attempt to take his
organization in a new direction, he abandoned the nom de guerre of Bo Decker, and KOF was
reborn as the American Nationalist Party. Ever sensitive to his growing number of critics,
Hawke instituted these cosmetic changes in order to "improve the image of the
Party" and to dispel the general perception that KOF was "a paramilitary
neo-Nazi group with an element of 'Hollywood Nazism' mixed in." As Hawke explained to
his supporters, "Since our goals are political in nature, we must dispel our image as
a militia and ensure that the public sees us for what we are; a legitimate National
Socialist political Party dedicated to defending white rights."
ANP's newly designed Web site - dominated by images of American flags
and bald eagles - is characteristic of Hawke's attempt to retool his group's image. Since
ANP aspires to real political legitimacy, the group posts its platform on a variety of
domestic policy issues: immigration, affirmative action and crime.
Despite Hawke's attempt to offer ANP as a viable political force, his
group is still very much a neo-Nazi organization. Among the articles in ANP's
"On-Line Library" are What is National Socialism? by American Nazi Party founder
George Lincoln Rockwell, The Truth About the Talmud and The Swastika. Also featured are a
number of articles culled from other extremists on the far right, including
Holocaust-denial propaganda from the Institute for Historical Review and an anti-Semitic
essay by William Pierce, leader of National Alliance. In addition, visitors to the group's
Web site can purchase Nazi memorabilia, including flags, armbands and jewelry.
Recruiting Young Haters
For Hawke, expanding ANP's membership base is essential if his group is
to have any lasting viability. Another significant element fueling ANP's membership drive
is the money it attracts: ANP members pay $5 in monthly dues. Not surprising for a group
dominated by men under 25, ANP recruits heavily among teen-agers. The group has
established a youth corps, geared to teens between the ages of 12 and 17, which is
"committed to the education and enlightenment of white youth throughout the
world." The aims of ANP Youth include "political education and current events
knowledge, cultural studies of white heritage and history, recruiting within the schools
and community youth groups, participation in our Rallies and Party functions, health
excercises [sic] to build strength and endurance, and the discussion of important
political works such as the Declaration of Independence, Mein Kampf, and the International
Jew by Henry Ford."
Hawke's inflated statements about himself and ANP make it difficult to
take either seriously. Nonetheless, some people are evidently paying attention. In less
than a year, ANP seems to have managed to attract a number of followers, apparently aided
by the group's well-designed Web site and frequent electronic mailings. In fact, Hawke's
shrewd use of the Internet helps advance the illusion that ANP is a large-scale operation.
Even if ANP does not have a significant presence off-line, any group that promotes racist
and anti-Semitic propaganda to teen-agers over the Internet merits close attention.
Racism and Anti-Semitism from Davis Wolfgang Hawke:
- Who are we?. . . We're White Men who refuse to stand idly by as our Race gets gobbled up
by the hordes of traitors, jews, and immigrants who seek to wipe us out. We're White Men
who are ready to take back our nation for the cause of Racial preservation.
- The time for sitting back and waiting for a miracle is over. The White Race will no
longer wait for the Jewish butchers to deal the final blow to our racial gene pool.
- I would like to take this brief moment to publicly express my full and unswerving
support for a man whom we should all admire and hail as a white hero. That man is John
Now don't get me wrong or think I don't care about the life of the poor
negro James Byrd, Jr. I definitely think that Jon [sic] King should have been convicted,
but only of cruelty to animals! No white man should ever be punished for ridding the world
of a negro - They are not humans, but filthy, disgusting beasts!
- We have suffered long enough under the iron heel of Juda. We have encountered their
lies, their money lending, their jack-booted ZOG mercenaries, and their oppression. They
have stamped our great nation into the ground and destroyed every courageous Aryan who
dared oppose the Jewish domination. For these crimes I hold them all accountable, as one
people, and pronounce this judgment upon them; the extinction of that Race whose father is