Gypsy and African-German children are expelled from German
Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.
Germans attack the Soviet Union and begin to murder all
Jews in their path.
Wearing of the Jewish star is decreed in the German-occupied
Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich to carry out
"The Final Solution" (extermination of all Jews
15: Wearing of the Jewish star is decreed throughout
the Greater Reich
28-29: Russian and Polish prisoners of war are gassed
in tests conducted at Auschwitz death camp.
Mobile Killing Squads perform mass shootings of Jews in
Baltic States, Ukraine and former Soviet Union.
Theresienstadt Ghetto in Czechoslovakia is established
Deportation of German Jews begins
Massacre in Odessa -- 34,000 dead
Massacre in Kiev -- 34,000 dead
Massacre in Rovno -- 15,000 dead
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and the United States enters
Chelmno extermination camp on the Ner River in Poland
Massacre in Riga -- 27,000 dead
Massacre in Vilna -- 32,000 dead