Resources for Students
There are many excellent books on the Holocaust for students. The list below, while not comprehensive, provides students with titles to consider as they continue reading and researching about the Holocaust. The titles are identified as fiction or nonfiction; however, even those titles identified as fiction are often based on historical events. Titles are also identified as appropriate in terms of both content and reading level for elementary school students (E), middle school students (M) and high school students (H).
Abells, C.B. (1986). The Children We Remember. New York, NY: Greenwillow Books.
This is a collection of photographs from the Yad Vashem Archives in Jerusalem, which when pieced together tell a story about the children who lived and died during the Holocaust. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Adler, David. (1989). We Remember the Holocaust. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Company.
This book includes personal accounts from survivors of their experiences of persecution and of the death camps during the Holocaust. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Appleman-Jurman, Alicia. (1988). Alicia: My Story. New York, NY: Bantam.
Told in her words, this is the story of Alicia Appleman-Jurman, who, after losing her entire family to the Nazis at age 13, went on to save the lives of thousands of Jews, offering them her own courage and hope in a time of upheaval and tragedy. (Nonfiction) (H)
Bernbaum, Israel. (1985). My Brother's Keeper: The Holocaust through the Eyes of an Artist. New York, NY: G.P. Putnam's Sons.
In this book, an artist describes the Holocaust and explains how he tries to tell the story of that catastrophe through his art. (Nonfiction) (M)
Bunting, Eve. (1989). Terrible Things: An Allegory of the Holocaust. Illustrated by Stephen Gammell. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society.
As all of the creatures in the woods are taken away by the "Terrible Things," readers are left to consider what happens when people do not stand up to evil. (Fiction) (E/M/H
Frank, Anne. (1952). Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl. New York, NY: Doubleday Dell Publishing.
Anne Frank's diary, which reveals her thoughts, feelings, fears and strategies for resistance while hiding from the Nazis, continues to draw international attention to the Holocaust. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Greenfeld, Howard. (1993). The Hidden Children. New York, NY: Ticknor & Fields.
This book weaves together the experiences of 13 men and women to create a portrait of the Holocaust as lived by the hidden children. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Greenfeld, Howard. (2001). After the Holocaust. New York, NY: Ticknor & Fields.
With excerpts from personal interviews, black-and-white photographs and archival pictures, this book shares the personal accounts of 8 young men and women after the Holocaust. In their own words, these Holocaust survivors describe their journeys after liberation, from hiding places and concentration camps through displaced persons camps, illicit border crossings, emigration and beyond. (Nonfiction) (H)
Levine, Ellen. (2000). Darkness over Denmark: The Danish Resistance and the Rescue of the Jews. New York, NY: Holiday House.
This book is an account of how the people of Denmark took action to protect and rescue their Jewish neighbors from the Nazis during World War II. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Meltzer, Milton. (1976). Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
In addition to exposing the roots of German anti-Semitism and Hitler's rise to power, this book also provides the stories of individual Jews' experiences recorded in private letters and diaries, memoirs, poems and songs about everyday life in the ghettos and labor and death camps. (Nonfiction) (H)
Mochizuki, Ken. (1997). Passage to Freedom: The Sugihara Story. New York, NY: Lee & Low Books.
This is the story of a Japanese diplomat living in Lithuania who issued thousands of visas to Jewish refugees - against the orders of his government. (Nonfiction) (M)
Nieuwsma, Milton J. (Ed.). (1998). Kinderlager: An Oral History of Young Holocaust Survivors. New York, NY: Holiday House.
In their own words, three child survivors of Kinderlager, the children's camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, tell of their lives before the war, in the ghetto, in the labor camps, at Auschwitz, and of their liberation in 1945. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Pettit, Jayne. (1993). A Place to Hide. New York, NY: Scholastic.
This book includes true stories of those who risked their lives to help Jews during the Holocaust. Included are the heroic deeds of individuals like Miep Gies and Oskar Schindler, as well as entire communities like LeChambon, France and Assisi, Italy. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Spiegelman, Art. (1986). Maus: A Survivor's Tale, I: My Father Bleeds History -- Spiegelman, A. (1991). Maus: A Survivor's Tale, II: And Here My Troubles Began. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.
Art Spiegelman uses cartoon characterizations of animals to tell his father's story of surviving Nazi Germany and making a post-war life in the United States. (Nonfiction) (H)
Strahinich, Helen. (1996). The Holocaust - Understanding and Remembering. Springfield, NJ: Enslow.
This is a supplementary text that provides an historical chronology of the events of the Holocaust and explores its effects on Jews, people with disabilities, Roma and homosexuals. Also provided is information about courageous survivors and rescuers. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Volavková, Hana. (ed.) (1993). I Never Saw Another Butterfly: Children's Drawings and Poems from Terezín Concentration Camp 1942-1944. New York, NY: Schocken Books.
Published to coincide with the opening in April, 1993 of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC, this collection of drawings and poetry documents the terrible daily misery endured by the children of the Terezín Concentration Camp. (Nonfiction) (E/M/H)
Wiesel, Elie. (1986). Night. New York, NY: Bantam Books.
Elie Wiesel's dramatic account of his years in concentration camps speaks on two levels: the first is a powerful story about actual events, and the second is his moral dilemma regarding religious faith and conviction. (Nonfiction) (M/H)
Resources for Educators
The ADL Holocaust Curriculum in collaboration with the Shoah Foundation. (Forthcoming).
The Anti-Defamation League and the Shoah Foundation are developing a unique teaching tool by combining the newly-written ADL Braun Holocaust Curriculum with an integrated visual testimony component from the Shoah Foundation. This classroom-ready curriculum utilizes modem research and primary source materials including diaries, photographs and letters. To enhance this curriculum, each lesson in this print curriculum has been aligned with videotaped testimonies from the archives of the Shoah Foundation to provide a matchless, first-person learning experience for students in classrooms across the nation.
Berenbaum, Michael. (1993). The World Must Know: The History of the Holocaust as Told in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Company.
Michael Berenbaum, director of the Sigi Ziering Institute for the Study of Ethics and the Holocaust at the University of Judaism, draws on its extensive eyewitness, artifact and photograph collections to tell the story of the perpetrators, bystanders, rescuers, and above all, the victims, before, during and after the Holocaust.
Charny, Israel W. (ed.) (1999). Encyclopedia of Genocide. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
This comprehensive resource includes alphabetical entries defining names, places and events associated with genocide, and major sections deal with the Armenian genocide, the Holocaust, and the process, detection, denial and prevention of genocide.
Children of the Holocaust: Poster and Discussion Guide. (1998). New York, NY: Anti-Defamation League.
This discussion guide includes the stories of three child survivors and discussion questions for students to consider both before and after reading the selections. Also part of this set is a poster from The French Children of the Holocaust: A Memorial by Serge Klarsfeld.
Gilbert, Martin. (1999). The Holocaust: Maps and Photographs. London, England: Holocaust Education Trust.
This documentary resource includes 23 maps and 59 photographs and captions that can be used to augment other curriculum materials.
Holocaust and Human Behavior. (1994). Brookline, MA: Facing History and Ourselves.
This resource, which is an interdisciplinary approach to citizenship education, includes readings and activities to explore the consequences of racism, anti-Semitism and other forms of discrimination.
Lest We Forget: A History of the Holocaust. (1996). Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems.
This multimedia CD-ROM includes archival documentary film footage, photographs, interactive charts, maps and time lines, detailed biographies, and extensive original text, with accompanying glossary and hypertext links.
Meinback, A.M., & Kassenoff, M. (1994). Memories of the Night: A Study of the Holocaust. Torrance, CA: Frank Schaffer Publications.
This study guide uses first-person accounts and literature about the Holocaust as the basis for a variety of interdisciplinary activities that encourage students to connect the lessons of the Holocaust to the principles that will govern their own lives.
Samuel Bak Poster Set. (n.c.) Brookline, MA: Facing History and Ourselves.
Seven reproductions of paintings by Samuel Bak provide a powerful resource for teachers and students studying the historical chronology of the Holocaust.
Shawn, Karen. (1994). End of Innocence: Anne Frank and the Holocaust. New York, NY: Anti-Defamation League.
This curriculum guide helps students understand the events that shaped Anne Frank's life and the war the Nazis waged against the Jews of Europe. Included in the guide are 23 additional readings on such topics as the Nazi boycott of Jewish shops, the life of American Jews in 1938, the children of Auschwitz and the rescue of Jews by gentiles.
Teaching about the Holocaust. (n.c.). Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
This resource includes information about the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, guidelines for teaching about the Holocaust, a bibliography, videography and historical information.
Werb, S. R. (1993). Daniel's Story Videotape Teacher Guide. Washington, DC: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
This guide includes classroom activities and readings to accompany the video Daniel's Story; however, many of the materials can be used without the video to enhance existing units on the Holocaust.
Zornberg, Ira. (1995). Strategies for Teaching about the Holocaust. New York, NY: Anti-Defamation League.
This workbook includes historical outlines, recommended readings and suggested questions for teachers.
Abrams, G. W. (Executive Producer). (2000). Nuremberg. 4 hours. Atlanta, GA: Turner Learning, Inc.
This dramatization focuses on the prosecution of 21 members of the Nazi high command for war crimes committed by The Third Reich during World War II. Based on the novel NUREMBERG: Infamy on Trial by Joseph E. Persico, this film details the behind-the-scenes battles, the tense camaraderie among Nazi accused, the terrible evidence presented and the tensions of the actual trial.
Gardner, Robert. (1986). The Courage to Care. 28 min. New York, N.Y.: Anti-Defamation League.
This film portrays an unforgettable encounter with ordinary people who refuse to succumb to Nazi tyranny.
Lieb, A., & Gross, E. (1986). World of Anne Frank. 28 min. Chicago, IL: WJUF-TV.
A dramatic segment, taken from Anne Frank's actual diary, highlights this moving and informative docudrama. Included are still photos of Anne, her family, historical film footage of Hitler and the rise of Nazism and a rare interview with Anne's father, Otto Frank.
Malle, L. (1987). Au Revoir Les Infants. 103 min. France: Cinema Guild.
This feature film is about a Jewish child in a Catholic boarding school in France who was eventually caught by the Gestapo and deported to Auschwitz.
Mathews, Q. (1998). Holocaust Hero: A Tree for Sugihara. 30 min. Derry, NH: Chip Taylor Communications.
This film documents the story of Sempo Sugihara, the Japanese consul to Lithuania who disobeyed his own government's orders and issued visas to Jews during World War II.
Meltzer, M. (n.c.). The Camera of My Family: Four Generations in Germany, 1845-1945. 18 min. New York, NY: Anti-Defamation League.
This is the story of one German-Jewish family and a search for personal identity as told by photographer and author Catherine Hanf Noren.