The New Black Panther Party (NBPP) takes its name from the original Black Panther Party, a radical left-wing group active in the 1960s and 1970s (former members of which have denounced the NBPP). Groups calling themselves the "New Black Panthers" started forming in the early 1990s, but gained publicity and organization after Khallid Muhammad, ejected from the Nation of Islam, became their leader and spokesman. Since the late 1990s, the group has expanded its presence to a number of states. Its ideology is a mix of black nationalism, Pan-Africanism, and anti-white and anti-Semitic bigotry. Malik Shabazz, based in Washington, D.C., has led the group since Muhammad's death in 2001.