Adolph Hitler renewed use of the Iron Cross in 1939 and superimposed
the Nazi swastika in its center. Following the fall of the Third
Reich, the symbol became strictly prohibited in post-war Germany.
Today, the symbol is often displayed by neo-Nazi groups, especially
as jewelry (e.g., pendants). The Iron Cross without the swastika is also frequently used as a hate symbol in the same manner as the Nazi-era Iron Cross. It is sometimes used for shock effect as it conjures up images of Nazi Germany and its military without being explicitly Nazi itself. In this guise, it is often displayed on clothing and accessories.