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International Affairs   
Israel at the UN: Progress Amid A History of Bias
U.N. on Holocaust Denial and Anti-Semitism
September 2010

Early Biases
Resolutions 242 and 338
The Oslo Years: A Warming Atmosphere
1995-2000: Bias Resurfaces
2000–2004: U.N. Anti-Israel Bias and Anti-Semitism
2005–Present: Positive Developments, But Old Patterns Continue
Human Rights Council
U.N. on Holocaust Denial and Anti-Semitism

While there is continuing bias against Israel at the U.N., the U.N. has begun to address other issues of concern to the Jewish community, particularly anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial.

On June 21, 2004, the United Nations Department of Public Information held the first U.N. conference on Anti-Semitism at U.N. Headquarters in New York. Secretary- General Kofi Annan opened the conference, entitled Confronting anti-Semitism: Education for Tolerance and Understanding, which was aimed at examining different manifestations of intolerance, as well as exploring means to promote respect and understanding among peoples.

On November 23, 2004, the United Nations Third Committee passed a resolution on the "Elimination of all forms of religious intolerance," which included anti-Semitism. The resolution recognized with deep concern the overall rise in instances of intolerance and violence directed against members of many religious communities in various parts of the world, including cases motivated by Islamophobia, anti-Semitism and Christianophobia."

In January 2005, the General Assembly held a special session marking the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Nazi concentration camps during which a Holocaust exhibit was on display in the lobby of U.N. headquarters in New York. Annan visited Yad Vashem in a show of support. Even more significant, on November 1, 2005, the General Assembly passed a resolution establishing January 27 as an international Holocaust Memorial Day. The resolution was sponsored by the United States, Australia, Canada, Russia, and Israel, and was fully supported by Annan. Finally, on January 26, 2007, the U.N. General Assembly adopted a resolution which "rejects efforts to deny the Holocaust." The resolution, introduced by the United States and co-sponsored by more than 100 countries, was adopted by consensus.

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