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Key Dates in Israel's History
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   Key Dates in Israel's History
RULE
 1896 - 1947
RULE
February 14, 1896

Publication of Theodor Herzl’s treatise “The Jewish State”

August 29, 1897 Opening of the First Zionist Congress at Basel, Switzerland
November 2, 1917

Issuing of Balfour Declaration: British support for a “Jewish Homeland”

April 24, 1920 Britain assigned mandatory power over Palestine at the San Remo Conference
August 23, 1929 Arab attack on Jewish community of Hebron
April 15, 1936 Arab revolt begins
May 17, 1939 British White Paper limiting Jewish immigration to Palestine
December 1945 Initiation of Arab League Boycott (on the Jewish community of Palestine)
July 22, 1946 Irgun bombs King David Hotel
February 14, 1947 Britain gives UN responsibility for Palestine
November 29, 1947

UN Partition Plan approved (Resolution 181)

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 1948 - 1967
RULE
May 14, 1948

Declaration of the State of Israel

May 15, 1948 - January 1949 Outbreak of War of Independence.  Ends January 1949
January 25, 1949 Israel’s first national election takes place; David Ben-Gurion elected Prime Minister
May 1950 Operation Ali Baba; brings 113,000 Iraqi Jews to Israel
September 1950 Operation Magic Carpet completed; 47,000 Yemeni Jews brought to Israel
October 29 -November 6, 1956 Suez Campaign
October 10, 1959 Creation of Fatah
January 1964

Creation of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

January 1, 1965 Fatah attack on Israeli water system
May 15 - 22, 1967

Egyptian Mobilization in the Sinai/Closure of the
Tiran Straits

June 5 - 10, 1967 Six Day War
November 22, 1967

Adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 242

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 1968 - 1973
RULE
April 4, 1968 Establishment of Jewish settlement in Hebron
July 18, 1968 Hijacking of El Al airliner by PLO
February 1 - 4, 1969

Arafat becomes PLO Chairman

March 8, 1969

War of Attrition begins, lasts to August 1970

September 5, 1972 Massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics
October 6 - 24, 1973 Yom Kippur War
October 17, 1973 Arab Oil Embargo
October 22, 1973

Adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 338

November 5, 1973 Kissinger begins shuttle diplomacy
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 1974 - 1979
RULE
May 15, 1974

Terrorist Attack on school in northern Israeli town of Ma’alot

November 10, 1975

“Zionism is Racism” resolution passed by the UN

November 19, 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat visits Jerusalem
September 17, 1978 Camp David accords signed
March 26, 1979 Egypt-Israel peace treaty signed
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 1981 - 1987
RULE
June 7, 1981 Israel attacks Iraq's Osiraq nuclear reactor
June 6, 1982 Operation "Peace for the Galilee" launched; start of Lebanon War
November 1984

Operation Moses airlifts 7000 Ethiopian Jews to Israel

October 7, 1986 Hijacking of Achille Lauro
December 8, 1987 Start of the Intifada
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 1991 - 1995
RULE
January 16 Gulf War; Iraq launches SCUD missiles at Israel
May 24, 1991 Operation Solomon brings 14000 Ethiopian Jews to Israel
October 30, 1991 Madrid Peace Conference
December 16, 1991

UN repeals “Zionism is Racism” resolution

September 13, 1993 Israel-Palestinian Declaration of Principles announced
December 30, 1993 Israel and Vatican sign “Fundamental Agreement”
February 25, 1994

Jewish gunman kills 29 Palestinian worshippers in Hebron

April 6, 1994 Afula suicide bombing
May 4, 1994 Agreement on the Gaza Strip and Jericho reached
May 13, 1994

Israel withdraws from Jericho, followed by Gaza on May 18

July 1, 1994 Arafat enters Gaza
October 9, 1994

Hamas kidnaps and kills an Israeli soldier

October 14, 1994

Rabin, Peres, and Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

October 19, 1994 Tel Aviv bus bombing, kills 13
October 26, 1994 Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty
December 1, 1994

Transfer of West Bank administrative control to Palestinians

January 22,1995 Beit Lid suicide bombing, kills 21
April 9, 1995

Gaza suicide bombings, kills 8

September 28, 1995 Signing of Oslo II agreement
November 4, 1995

Assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin

November 13

Israel redeploys from Palestinian population centers

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 1996 - 1999
RULE
January 20, 1996 First Palestinian elections
February 25, 1996

Jerusalem/Ashkelon suicide bombings, kill 27

March 3, 1996 Bombing of bus in downtown Jerusalem kills 19
March 4, 1996

Bombing outside main Tel Aviv mall, kills 13

September 24, 1996 Palestinian "Tunnel Riots" erupt
January 17, 1997

Israel withdraws from Hebron

March 13, 1997

Jordanian soldier kills 7 Israeli schoolgirls

July 30, 1997

Hamas suicide bomber explodes in a Jerusalem market, killing 16

September 4, 1997 Three bombs on Jerusalem pedestrian mall, kill 5, injure 181
October 23, 1998

Israel-Palestinian “Wye Memorandum” signed

December 10, 1998

Palestinians vote to change PLO charter in presence of President Clinton

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 2000 - 2001
RULE
May 24, 2000

Israel withdraws from southern Lebanon

July 11 - 25, 2000 Camp David Summit
September 29, 2000 Outbreak of widespread Palestinian violence, “Second Intifada” begins
October 12, 2000

Two Israeli soldiers lynched by Palestinian mob in Ramallah

June 1, 2001 Suicide bombing of Tel Aviv night club, kills 21 youths
August 9, 2001 Suicide bombing at pizzeria in Jerusalem, kills 15
December 1, 2001

Suicide bombing in pedestrian mall in central Jerusalem, kills 11 youths

December 2, 2001 A suicide bomber of a bus in Haifa, kills 15
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 2002 - 2003
RULE
January 4, 2002 Israel intercepts massive Palestinian arms shipment on Karine A ship
March 2, 2002 Suicide bombing outside a bar mitzvah party in Jerusalem, kills 11
March 9, 2002

Suicide bombing of Jerusalem cafe, kills 11

March 12, 2002

Hezbollah operatives open fire on Israeli vehicles in Kibbutz Metzuba, kill 6

March 27, 2002

Suicide bomber kills 30 at Passover seder at Netanya hotel

March 29, 2002

IDF begins Operation Defensive Shield to uproot terrorist infrastructure in West Bank

March 31, 2002

Suicide bombing in Haifa restaurant, kills 15

April 10, 2002

Suicide bombing of bus traveling from Haifa to Jerusalem, kills 8

April 12, 2002

Female suicide bomber attacks Jerusalem market, kills 6

May 7, 2002

Suicide bombing at Rishon Le-Zion billiards hall, kills 15

June 5, 2002 Suicide bombing of bus in Meggiddo Junction, kills 17
June 18, 2002

Suicide bus bombing in Jerusalem, kills 18

July 31, 2002

Suicide bombing of cafeteria at Hebrew University, kills 9

August 4, 2002

Suicide bombing of bus in Meron Junction, kills 9

September 19, 2002

Suicide bus bombing in Tel Aviv, kills 6

October 21, 2002

Car bomb kills 14 people on a bus at Karkur Junction

November 21, 2002 Suicide bombing of Jerusalem bus, kills 11
November 28, 2002 Gunman attacks Likud Party headquarters in Beit Shean, kills 6
January 5, 2003

Two simultaneous suicide bombings in Tel Aviv, kill 23

March 5, 2003 Suicide bombing of Haifa bus, kills 17
April 20, 2003 Suicide bombing at Mike’s Place, a Tel-Aviv blues club, kills 3
April 30, 2003 The “Road Map for Peace” is presented by the Quartet to the Israelis and Palestinians
May 18, 2003

Suicide bombing of Jerusalem bus, kills 7

June 11, 2003 Suicide bombing of Jerusalem bus, kills 17
August 19, 2003

Suicide bombing of Jerusalem bus, kills 24

September 8, 2003

Suicide bombing on Jerusalem bus, kills 9

September 8, 2003

Suicide bombing of Jerusalem cafe, kills 8

October 4, 2003 Suicide bombing at Haifa cafe, kills 21
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 2004 - 2005
RULE
January 29, 2004

Suicide bombing on Jerusalem bus, kills 11

January 29, 2004

Israel swaps prisoners with the terrorist group Hezbollah; releases 435 Arab prisoners in return for the remains of murdered soldiers and a kidnapped Israeli businessman

February 22, 2004

Suicide bombing of Jerusalem bus kills 8

March 14, 2004

Double suicide bombing at an Ashdod port, kills 8

August 31, 2004 Two simultaneous suicide bombing in Beersheba kills 16
November 11, 2004

Yasir Arafat dies in a Paris hospital

December 23, 2004

The first phase of PA municipal elections are held; Hamas secures nearly half the seats

February 25, 2005 Suicide bombing at Tel Aviv nightclub, kills 5
February 26, 2005 The Knesset gives final approval to the Disengagement Plan, rejects calls for a national referendum
July 12, 2005 Suicide bombing of Netanya mall kills 5
August 17- 22, 2005 Evacuation of settlers from the Gaza Strip
August 23, 2005 Evacuation of four settlements in the northern West Bank completed
September 12, 2005

Israeli military completes withdrawal from the Gaza

December 5, 2005

Suicide bombing of a shopping mall in Netanya kills 5

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 2006 - 2010
RULE
January 4, 2006 Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon incapacitated by massive stroke; Deputy Prime Minister Ehud Olmert appointed Acting Prime Minister
January 26, 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections; Hamas wins 74 seats in the132-seat legislature
April 17, 2006

Suicide bombing near the old central bus station in Tel Aviv kills 11

June 25, 2006

IDF Corporal Gilad Shalit is kidnapped by Hamas from IDF army post; Israel responds with military operation

July 12, 2006

Hezbollah sparks the second Lebanon War when they cross the border into Israel and attack an Israeli military patrol, killing eight soldiers and kidnapping two others

August 11, 2006 The U.N. Security Council unanimously adopts Resolution 1701 for cease fire in the Lebanon War
June 15, 2007 Hamas takes over Gaza
November 27, 2007

Forty-six nations gather at Annapolis, Maryland for a
U.S.-hosted conference intended to renew Israeli Palestinian peace talks

March 6, 2008 A Palestinian gunman attacked a Jerusalem yeshiva, killing 8.
July 16, 2008 Hezbollah releases the bodies of captive Israeli soldiers Eldad Regev and Ehud Goldwasser, whose kidnapping sparked the Second Lebanon War.  
December 27, 2008

In response to increasing rocket barrages Israel launches Operation Cast Lead against Hamas in Gaza

January 18, 2009

Israel signs a unilateral ceasefire. Twelve hours later Hamas agrees to a week-long ceasefire.

March 31, 2009 Benjamin Netanyahu is sworn in as Israel’s Prime Minister
March 31, 2010 Israel intercepts a flotilla of six ships enroute to Gaza.
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* through March 2009
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