To stop the defamation of the Jewish people... to secure justice and fair treatment to all
Anti-Defamation League ABOUT ADL FIND YOUR LOCAL ADL DONATE CONTACT US PRESS CENTER
Introduction
Key Facts About Israel
Glossary of Key Terms/Events in Israel's History
Responses to Common Inaccuracies About Israel
How to Advocate for Israel
Online Resources
Key Dates in Israel's History
Return to Israel Main
e-mail to friend

    Glossary of Key Terms and Events in Israel's History
RULE
The Yom Kippur War 1973   

On the holiest day of the Jewish calendar, Yom Kippur, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in an effort to force Israel to surrender the land gained in 1967. Caught by surprise, in the war's initial days, Israel suffered severe losses of life, military equipment, and territory, abruptly shattering the euphoria the country had experienced since its show of strength in the Six Day War. Following an Egyptian refusal to accept a cease-fire and a Soviet airlift of military equipment to bolster Egyptian forces, the United States sent an airlift to Israel enabling her to recover from the first blow and inflict damage on Egypt and Syria. In response, Saudi Arabia led the Arab world in an oil embargo directed against the United States and other western nations. The war officially ended with a U.N.-declared cease-fire, but fighting continued.

When hostilities stopped later in the month, the Israeli army held an additional 165 square miles of territory from Syria and had encircled the Egyptian Third Army by the Suez Canal. Efforts for peace treaties at that point failed, and only a year later following U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's "shuttle diplomacy" were disengagement treaties signed by the parties. As per these limited agreements, Israel withdrew from all areas it had acquired from Syria during the 1973 war, and some territory from the 1967 war. Israel also withdrew from parts of the Sinai. Prisoners of war were exchanged, and the Arab world ended its oil embargo. Despite the victory, Israel's near-defeat by the Arab nations highlighted her continued vulnerability.
Updates
More Information About Current Issues in Israel
Related Press Releases
    • Israel
ADL Israel Office
    • Jerusalem
Servicing all of Israel
Terrorism in Israel
Chronology of Recent Terrorist Attacks Against Israel
ADL On-line Home | Search | About ADL | Contact ADL | Privacy Policy

2013 Anti-Defamation League