Israel Record

Arab-Israeli Conflicts

Before the Creation of the State of Israel
The War of Independence

The 1956 Sinai Campaign
The 1967 War
After the 1967 War
The 1973 Yom Kippur War
The Israeli-Egyptian Peace
The Lebanon War
The West Bank and Gaza

Israel Record Contents

Seal of State of Israel


A breakthrough in Arab-Israeli relations came four years later when Egyptian President Anwar Sadat made an unprecedented, historic visit to Israel in November 1977 and addressed the Israeli people with words of reconciliation and peace. His visit marked the first time an Arab leader made significant overtures to the people of Israel. Egyptian-Israeli negotiations ensued and in March 1979, Israel and Egypt signed a formal peace treaty. In return for peace, Israel relinquished to Egypt the Sinai peninsula, gained during the 1967 war.

At the same time, there was no progress on other Arab fronts. The PLO, for example, relentlessly continued its campaign of terrorist warfare against innocent Israelis and civilians worldwide. In one of its more brutal atrocities, the PLO attacked schoolchildren in Ma'alot in northern Israel in May 1974, resulting in the deaths of 21 children.

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