Israel Record

1882 - 1917
1917 - 1947
1948 - 1967
1968 - Present


Israel Record Contents

Seal of State of Israel

MILESTONES

JULY 1882
Beginning of First Aliyah, BILU pioneers arrive in Palestine

1883
Baron Edmond de Rothschild begins support of Jewish settlement in Palestine; Founding of Hovevei Tzion movement in Odessa

FEBRUARY 1896
Theodor Herzl's Der Judenstaat, The Jewish State, is published

AUGUST 1897
First Zionist Congress convenes in Basle, Switzerland; Creation of World Zionist Organization

1904
Beginning of Second Aliyah; Death of Theodor Herzl

1909
Founding of Tel Aviv - the first modern all-Jewish city

1910
Founding of Degania - the first Kibbutz

top

 

NOVEMBER 1917
British issue Balfour Declaration, recognizing the right to a Jewish homeland in Palestine

DECEMBER 1917
British conquest of Palestine

1919
Beginning of Third Aliyah

APRIL 1920
British Mandate over Palestine issued

JULY 1922
Churchill White Paper separates Transjordan from area designated for creation of Jewish homeland and links Jewish immigration to "economic capacity of the country"

1924-1932
Fourth Aliyah

AUGUST 1929
Arabs riot in Jerusalem; Massacres of Jews in Hebron and Safad

OCTOBER 1930
Passfield White Paper limits Jewish immigration to Palestine and forbids Jewish land purchases

1931
Founding of Jewish underground organization, Irgun Zva'i Leumi

1933-1939
Fifth Aliyah

1936-1939
Arab revolt

JULY 1937
Peel Commission report recommends partition of Palestine

MAY 1939
MacDonald White Paper limits Jewish immigration and prohibits Jews from purchasing Arab land

MAY 1941
Creation of Palmach - early Jewish defense force

MAY 1942
At Biltmore Conference, American Zionists call for a "Jewish Commonwealth" in Palestine

DECEMBER 1945
Arab League Boycott established

JULY 1946
Irgun attacks King David Hotel in Jerusalem

FEBRUARY 1947
Britain refers Palestine issue to United Nations

NOVEMBER 1947
United Nations votes to partition Palestine into independent Jewish and Arab states

top

 

MAY 1948
Creation of the State of Israel; U.S. and Soviet Union extend recognition; Creation of Israel Defense Forces

SEPTEMBER 1948
Assassination of UN Mediator Count Folke Bernadotte by extremist Jews

JANUARY 1949
Israel War of Independence ends; Israel's first national elections

FEBRUARY 1949
Egypt and Israel sign an Armistice Agreement

MARCH 1949
Lebanon and Israel sign an Armistice Agreement

APRIL 1949
Transjordan and Israel sign an Armistice Agreement

MAY 1949
UN votes to accept Israel as a member state

JULY 1949
Syria and Israel sign an Armistice Agreement

JANUARY 1950
Transjordan annexes West Bank and renames area Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

JULY 1950
Israel passes Law of Return

JULY 1951
Assassination of Jordanian King Abdullah by Palestinian extremists

JULY 1956
Egyptian President Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal

OCTOBER 1956
Israel, Britain and France attack Egypt

MARCH 1957
Israel withdraws from Sinai and Gaza

OCTOBER 1959
Creation of Fatah terrorist group under direction of Yasir Arafat

MAY 1962
Following his capture and a trial, top Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel

JANUARY 1964
Creation of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), with Fatah as its main faction

JANUARY 1965
First PLO terrorist attack against Israel

MAY 1967
Nasser orders the withdrawal of UN forces from the Egyptian-Israeli border and initiates a blockade of Israeli shipping through the Tiran Straits.

JUNE 1967
Six-Day War, Reunification of Jerusalem under Israel

SEPTEMBER 1967
At summit meeting, Arab states reject peace and negotiations with Israel

NOVEMBER 1967
UN passes Resolution 242, the basis for Israeli-Arab negotiations

top

 

APRIL 1968
Reestablishment of Jewish settlement in Hebron

JULY 1968
First act of air piracy against Israel; El Al airliner hijacked en route from Rome to Tel Aviv by PLO terrorists

MARCH 1969
Start of War of Attrition

SEPTEMBER 1972
PLO massacre of Israeli Olympic athletes in Munich, Germany

OCTOBER 1973
Yom Kippur War

DECEMBER 1973
Geneva Peace Conference

JANUARY 1974
Israeli-Egyptian Disengagement Agreement

MAY 1974
Twenty three children die in PLO terrorist attack against school in Ma'alot; Israeli-Syrian Disengagement Agreement

OCTOBER 1974
Arab recognition of PLO as representative of Palestinians

NOVEMBER 1975
UN General Assembly passes "Zionism equals Racism" resolution

JULY 1976
Israel rescues hostages at Entebbe Airport in Uganda

MAY 1977
Likud comes to power led by Menachem Begin

NOVEMBER 1977
Anwar Sadat visits Jerusalem and addresses Israeli Parliament

SEPTEMBER 1978
Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt

MARCH 1979
Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty

JULY 1980
Basic Law on Jerusalem passed

JUNE 1981
Israel disables Iraqi nuclear reactor in Osiraq

OCTOBER 1981
Anwar Sadat assassinated by Islamic extremists

DECEMBER 1981
Israel officially extends Israeli law to Golan Heights

APRIL 1982
Israel completes withdrawal from Sinai

JUNE 1982
Attempted assassination of Israeli Ambassador to London; Israel invades Lebanon in Operation Peace for Galilee

SEPTEMBER 1982

PLO completes evacuation from Lebanon

JUNE 1985

Israeli troops withdraw from Lebanon; creation of security zone in southern Lebanon

DECEMBER 1987
Start of Palestinian intifada

DECEMBER 1988
Arafat begins process of renouncing terrorism and recognizing Israel

AUGUST 1990
Iraq invades Kuwait

JAN-FEB 1991
Gulf war; Scud missiles fall in Israel

OCTOBER 1991
Arab-Israeli peace conference opens in Madrid

DECEMBER 1991
UN repeals "Zionism equals Racism" resolution

JUNE 1992
Labor Party leader Yitzhak Rabin elected Prime Minister

JANUARY 1993
Israel repeals ban on contacts with the PLO

AUGUST 1993
Announcement of secret agreement reached in Oslo between Israel and the PLO

SEPTEMBER 1993
Signing of Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles on White House Lawn

DECEMBER 1993
Israel and the Vatican establish diplomatic relations

FEBRUARY 1994
Jewish extremist kills 29 Muslim worshippers in Hebron

APRIL 1994
Hamas suicide bus bombings in Afula and Hadera

MAY 1994
Israel withdraws its forces from Jericho and Gaza

OCTOBER 1994
Kidnapping and murder of Israeli soldier Nachshon Waxman; Bombing of bus in Tel Aviv; Signing of Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty

DECEMBER 1994
Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasir Arafat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

SEPTEMBER 1995
The Interim, or "Oslo II," Agreement signed in Washington between Israel and the Palestinians

NOVEMBER 1995
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin assassinated by a Jewish extremist

FEB-MARCH 1996
Islamic extremist suicide bombings in Jerusalem, Afula and Tel Aviv kill 59.

MAY 1996
Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu elected Prime Minister

SEPTEMBER 1996
Palestinian violence erupts in response to Israeli opening of an exit to the Western Wall tunnel

JANUARY 1997
Hebron Redeployment Agreement signed

top

Israel Record Front Page | Israel Front Page

ADL On-line Home | Search | About ADL | Contact ADL

© 1999 Anti-Defamation League