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  Religious Freedom
December Dilemma

Decorating Public School Classrooms and Grounds With Holiday Symbols

1 See Clever v. Cherry Hill Township Bd. of Educ., 838 F. Supp. 929, 939 (D. N.J. 1993).

2 See School Dist. of Abington Township, Pa. v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203, 225 (1963).

3 See School Dist. of Abington Township, Pa. v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203, 225 (1963).

4 See Abington, 374 U.S. at 225.

5 See School Dist. of Abington Township, Pa. v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203, 225 (1963).

6 See Clever, 838 F. Supp. at 932.

7 See Abington, 374 U.S. at 225.

8 See Epperson v. Arkansas, 393 U.S. 97, 106-107 (1968); Altman v. Bedford Central School Dist. , 245 F.3d 49, 75-76 (2nd Cir. 2001).

9 See Clever, 838 F. Supp. at 933-34, 939.

10 See Florey v. Sioux Falls School Dist. 49-5, 619 F. 2d 1311, 1317 (8th Cir.), cert denied, 449 U.S. 97 (1980); Clever, 838 F. Supp. at 939-40.

11 See Florey, 619 F.2d at 1316. See also Illinois ex rel. McCollum v. Board of Education, 333 U.S. 203, 477 (1948) (Jackson J., concurring).

12 See Abington, 374 U.S. at 225.

13 See Florey, 619 F.2d at 1316.

14 Id. at 1317.

15 See e.g., Doe v. Duncanville Indep. School Dist., 70 F.3d 402, 407 (5th Cir. 1995).

16 Id. at 407-08.

17 Id. at 407-08.

18 See Doe v. Aldine Indep. School Dist., 563 F. Supp. 883, 888 (S.D. Tex. 1982).

19 Id. at 885, 888.

23 See County of Allegheny v. American Civil Liberties Union, 492 U.S. 573, 602, 616 (1989).

24 Id. at 613-14, 618.

25 Id. at 629 (footnote No. 69).

26 See Clever, 838 F. Supp. at 937 (citing to Allegheny, 492 U.S. 573 (1989)).

27 See e.g., Stone v. Graham, 449 U.S. 39 (1980); Washegesic v. Bloomingdale Public Schools, 33 F.3d 679, 684 (6th Cir. 1994).

28 See Washegesic, 33 F.3d at 683-84. See also Allegheny, 492 U.S. at 598-99.

29 See Florey, 619 F.2d at 1317; Clever, 838 F. Supp. at 939.

 

 

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