Extremist-Related Criminal Activity: January - March 2001
JANUARY

January 1, 2001, Nevada. In Reno, Nevada, an arson attack occurs against Temple Emanu El, a Jewish synagogue that in November 1999 was firebombed by five white supremacists. Police are seeking the culprit(s) of the new attack.

January 1, 2001, Kansas. An unknown shooter fires at least 25 shots at an Overland Park, Kansas, abortion clinic near Kansas City, over the New Year’s holiday weekend.

January 3, 2001, South Carolina. Ku Klux Klan member James Crawford of Sumter, South Carolina, pleads guilty to conspiracy to oppress and intimidate members of an African-American church. Two co-conspirators, Bryan Carraway and a juvenile, had previously pled guilty to related charges. In April 2000, Crawford and his accomplices allegedly stole a cross from the church and burned it at a Klan induction ceremony. They then burned two other crosses on the church grounds.

January 4, 2001, Indiana. A federal judge in a civil case orders Ku Klux Klan leader Jeff Berry to pay $120,000 to two television news reporters who claimed he had held them hostage in November 1999 when they went to his home to interview him. The resolution of criminal charges related to the incident--including theft, conspiracy to commit intimidation, and conspiracy to commit robbery--is still pending.

January 5, 2001, Washington. Former Washington State Militia leader John Pitner receives a four-year sentence following a retrial and reconviction for conspiring in 1996 to make pipe bombs and other weapons; the sentence amounts to time served for Pitner, who has been in jail since his arrest in 1996. Another defendant, Tracy Lee Brown, is offered the same sentence but refuses to sign court papers that list his release conditions; as a result, his sentence is lengthened by six months.

January 8, 2001, Tennessee. Christopher Kuykendall receives a forty-month sentence after pleading guilty to conspiracy to injure, oppress, threaten, and intimidate members of an African-American church in Knoxville. According to the federal indictment, Kuykendall was a recruiter for the Confederate Hammerskins, a white power skinhead group.

January 10, 2001, Nevada. A Las Vegas jury sentences skinhead John Edward Butler to death for his involvement in the killing of two anti-racist skinheads in the desert outside Las Vegas in July 1998. Other people were believed by prosecutors to have been involved in the killings, but Butler is the only one to date to have been charged in the crime.

January 10, 2001, Utah. Anesthesiologist and tax protester Earl Sherod of Utah County is convicted on ten counts of failing to file accurate tax returns and willful tax evasion. According to state officials, Sherod had last filed a state tax return in 1990. Sherod claimed he was not subject to federal or state tax laws. This case is the latest in Utah’s ongoing effort to crack down on tax protesters in that state.

January 11, 2001, Colorado. Golden, Colorado, resident Paul Graham, owner of a military surplus store and former leader of a militia group known as the Colorado State Defense Force Reserve, is convicted on three charges related to selling over a hundred illegal explosive devices. Each device was about as powerful as a quarter-stick of dynamite, according to court documents. Graham is acquitted on one other related charge. He faces up to ten years in prison and a $250,000 fine on each count.

January 11, 2001, South Carolina. Bryan Alan Carraway of Sumter, South Carolina, receives a 37 month sentence following his guilty plea on a charge of conspiracy against civil rights. Carraway and an unnamed juvenile had allegedly been involved in a number of attacks against African-American churches, including the firebombing of an AME Church in April 2000. Police have said that the attacks, for which Carraway later apologized, were part of an initiation into a new Ku Klux Klan faction called the South Carolina Ghost Riders.

January 19, 2001, Michigan. Dan Benham, a "lieutenant colonel" with the Michigan Militia, is arrested in Grand Traverse County and charged with two counts of false identification and one count of resisting a police officer. Benham had been using an "International Drivers License;" such bogus ID cards are frequently used by anti-government extremists instead of valid drivers licenses.

January 19, 2001, California. Inmate Danny Black receives three life sentences in Los Angeles Superior Court for his role in the 1995 murder of a fellow prisoner by stabbing him 120 times. Two other inmates, Michael Beattie and Jason Schmaus, had already received life sentences for their role in the slaying. All three inmates are affiliated with either the Aryan Brotherhood or the Nazi Low Riders, two white supremacist prison gangs. A fourth defendant, who testified against the three, earlier received a 22 year sentence.

January 19, 2001, California. Donald Rudolph, former leader of the San Joaquin Militia, pleads guilty to withholding knowledge of a conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction in connection with a plot to destroy a propane storage facility near Elk Grove in 1999, as well as conspiring to kill U.S. District Judge Edward Lodge. Two other militia members, Kevin Ray Patterson and Charles Dennis Kiles, have also been charged and await trial. Rudolph is already serving a 30 month sentence for illegal possession of a machine gun.

January 22, 2001, California. Yorba Linda resident Jeffrey Stuart Martin receives a nearly five year federal prison sentence for a 1996 stabbing. Martin, allegedly a member of a white power gang called Insane White Boys, had used a knife to assault a black teenager walking home from work

January 22, 2001, Texas. Corydon Parsons receives a 37 month sentence following a plea deal in which he admitted to preventing a black family in Katy, Texas, from enjoying the right to be free from intimidation. Parsons and four others, some wearing Klan hoods, had burned a cross on the family’s yard on June 19, 2000, the Texas holiday known as "Juneteenth," which celebrates the date news of emancipation reached Texas following the Civil War. Three other participants already received lesser sentences; the alleged leader, Matthew Curtis Marshall, faces a minimum ten years in prison.

January 24, 2001, California. White supremacist Buford O. Furrow, Jr., pleads guilty to murdering a Filipino-American postal worker as well as to other counts related to his August 1999 shooting spree, which was primarily directed against a Los Angeles Jewish community center. Furrow will spend the rest of his life in prison without parole as part of the plea agreement.

January 30, 2001, California. Elk Grove resident Glayd Charles Allen is rebooked following his arrest the previous week on weapons charges. Sacramento County sheriff’s department investigators found seventy weapons in his home, including eight that are considered assault weapons. The charges against him now include suspicion of eight counts of possession of an assault weapon and 29 counts of possession of an explosive device. A sheriff’s department representative said Allen was a survivalist, but did not know if he was a member of any particular group.

January 31, 2001, Missouri. White supremacist preacher Gordon Winrod is found guilty by an Ozark County jury of kidnapping six grandchildren from their fathers’ custody in 1994 and 1995 and hiding them at his Ozarks residence for years. Winrod claimed that they had been molested by their fathers and that the trial was a "Jewish fiasco." The six counts of child abduction could result in a prison sentence of up to 30 years.


February

February 2, 2001, Texas. Clarence "Jinx" Steinbrecher, a former insurance agent and current tax protester, receives a 30 month federal prison sentence in San Antonio for three convictions of failure to file income taxes. Steinbrecher, who represented himself both at his trial and his sentencing, had refused to file taxes from 1983 to 1997.

February 5, 2001, Texas. Matthew Curtis Marshall, the alleged leader of five men arrested for burning a cross in the front yard of a black family on "Juneteenth," the June 19 Texas holiday commemorating the emancipation of slaves in Texas, receives a ten year federal prison sentence. Marshall, the last to be sentenced, reads a statement apologizing to the victims and claiming that he is not a racist. Marshall blames his actions on alcohol and drugs.

February 5, 2001, California. Two alleged members of the Nazi Low Riders are arrested on drug and parole violation charges in Lancaster, California. Arrested are Christopher Dean Jenkins and Alfonso Anthony Rodriguez; also arrested is Roxanne Simonson, a girlfriend of Jenkins. The two were reportedly caught possessing methamphetamine, as well as compound bows.

February 7, 2001, California. Richard Finley of Sacramento, California, receives a sentence of four years in federal prison following his conviction on four counts of attempting to pass bogus money orders created by the Montana Freemen. Finley, owner of America’s Legal Bookstore, had attempted to use one of the bogus instruments to pay his IRS debts.

February 8, 2001, Washington. Mark Allen Rabenold, an Oroville, Washington, pirate radio broadcaster and self-declared "sovereign citizen," is charged with assaulting a federal officer with a dangerous weapon. The officer, a U.S. marshal, had been trying to serve court papers on Rabenold ordering him to shut down the unlicensed low-power FM station he has operated since 1997. In a court hearing, Rabenold tells the judge that the court has no jurisdiction over him.

February 9, 2001, Oregon. A cache of white supremacist literature, illegal weapons, bombs and explosive materials, and illegal drugs are found when Clackamas County sheriff’s deputies and federal agents arrest two men and one woman during a raid. Arrested are Forrest Bateman, a former skinhead previously convicted in 1989 of racially intimidating a high school student; Anthony Huntington; and Jennifer Williams. Officers seize a machine gun, a grenade launcher, an assault rifle, a sawed-off shotgun, 3000 rounds of ammunition, ammonium nitrate, homemade C4 explosives, six homemade grenades, dynamite blasting caps, primers, fuses, black powder, and 200 timing devices, as well as fifty marijuana plants. Huntington and Williams are subsequently released and not formally charged, while Bateman is held on outstanding warrants for previous charges of assault and illegal possession of an assault rifle. An investigation is ongoing.

February 9, 2001, California. Jack Houston, a Lake Elsinore, California, resident and alleged skinhead, enters into a plea agreement for his role in a 2000 hate attack in a supermarket parking lot. Houston reportedly instigated the attack against the victim, who was perceived to be Mexican. Houston will receive a six-year prison sentence. Another defendant, Staci Ann Schillace, previously pled guilty to a misdemeanor hate-crime charge and received a 210-day sentence. A third defendant, Kenny James Vierra, the person who allegedly punched the victim, has been offered a plea deal similar to Houston’s.

February 12, 2001, California. Three Sacramento area residents are convicted of mail fraud and equity-skimming in a real estate fraud case. Raymond Hall, Richard Buschman, and Sandra Weaver, are reported to have promised 11 homeowners facing mortgage difficulties that they could stop foreclosures by transferring their homes to trusts set up by the defendants, who would collect rent from the homeowners and pay the mortgage companies. However, the defendants allegedly pocketed the money, causing the homeowners to lose their homes and ruin their credit ratings. Such schemes have been popular among anti-government extremists. While it is not known if all of the defendants have evinced such sensibilities, Raymond Hall, in a separate case, is also charged with having tried to pass bogus "Montana Freeman" style checks ostensibly worth more than $7.9 million to the IRS, various banks, and other institutions. Charges related to the real estate case are pending against a fourth defendant, Michael Fritch, while a fifth defendant, Albert Mueller, previously pled guilty to misdemeanor theft.

February 12, 2001, Michigan. Militia member Paul Darland is convicted by a Hillsdale County jury of conspiracy to commit murder, but acquitted on charges of murder and using a firearm in a felony. Darland, who faces the possibility of life in prison, had taken part in the murder of a fellow militia member, William Gleason, in 1994. The two were both followers of militia leader Mark Koernke, but a rift developed after Darland and another militia member broke with Koernke. Gleason’s body was not found until December 1996; Darland remained a fugitive until last year.

February 13, 2001, Indiana. U.S. marshals seize the Indianapolis Baptist Temple, a church run by Greg Dixon, Jr., and Greg Dixon, Sr., leaders of the "unregistered church movement," a right-wing, anti-government movement that claims churches should obey no laws or regulations at all, but should submit only to God’s will. These beliefs had led the Dixons to refuse to withhold income taxes from employees’ wages, starting a lengthy and involved legal battle that ended with the Temple owing $6 million in taxes, penalties, and interest. When church leaders and supporters refused to leave, and invited militia members and other anti-government activists to protect the church (later asking the militia members to leave), marshals began a 91 day waiting game until the property could be seized peacefully.

February 13, 2001, California. In Ventura County, skinhead Justin Merriman is convicted on nineteen charges, including first degree murder, in the 1992 killing of Katrina Montgomery. Merriman was a member of the Skinhead Dogs, a white power skinhead group, who was accused of raping and fatally stabbing and beating Montgomery, raping two other women, resisting arrest, and attempting to intimidate witnesses. He faces the death penalty.

February 16, 2001, Ohio, California. A group of "sovereign citizens" from Ohio and California file involuntary bankruptcy proceedings against a Cleveland-area Cadillac dealership following their arrest on forgery, attempted grand theft, and extortion charges for having allegedly used a sovereign citizen tactic known as "Redemption" in an attempt to purchase over $170,000 worth of cars. The four suspects, Matthew Perri, Thomas Carnes, and Charles Colombo, Jr., all of Ohio, and Ronald Lutz, from Rancho Santa Margarita, California, were unlucky in their choice of car dealership; in September 1999 an unrelated group of "Redemptionists" attempted the same trick, so the dealership was familiar with the tactic. It must still, however, deal with the retaliatory involuntary bankruptcy filings.

February 20, 2001, California. Law enforcement officers from the Multi-Agency Gang Enforcement Consortium in Fresno, California, arrest Daren Barger on suspicion of assault with a deadly weapon causing great bodily injury and attempted robbery. Barger, an alleged skinhead and member of a white supremacist gang, is suspected of having been one of several skinheads who attempted to rob a 7-Eleven in Fresno in December 2000.

February 22, 2001, California. Roseville, California, residents Dorothy and George Henderson receive lengthy prison terms for selling trusts to clients to help them evade income taxes. The Hendersons allegedly helped people evade at least $13.8 million in federal income taxes. At their sentencing, the Hendersons, self-declared "sovereign citizens," tell the judge that the Internal Revenue Service has no authority over them. Dorothy Henderson receives a sentence of more than 11 years in prison, while George Henderson receives a six and a half year sentence. Because of Dorothy Henderson’s claims, the judge adds five months to her sentence beyond the request of prosecutors.

February 22, 2001, Illinois. Clayton Lee Waagner, an inmate in the DeWitt County jail while awaiting sentencing on a federal conviction, escapes from jail. Waagner had been convicted in December 2000 on weapons and vehicle theft charges; during his trial, he claimed to have been getting instructions from God to kill abortion providers and that at the time of his arrest he was on his way to Seattle to kill one.

February 23, 2001, Florida. A Pensacola area anti-abortion protester, John Burt, is arrested and charged with disorderly conduct, violating a medical facility noise ordinance, and resisting arrest without violence after allegedly yelling racial insults at a black couple leaving an abortion clinic.

February 23, 2001, California. Kenny James Vierra, an alleged skinhead and white supremacist, pleads guilty to assault with force likely to commit great bodily injury, as a hate crime, as part of a plea deal in which he will receive a six year sentence. Vierra punched a man he thought was Mexican in October 2000. Two others involved with the incident, Jack Houston and Staci Ann Schillace, previously pled guilty.

February 27, 2001, Washington. A Pierce County Council meeting is disrupted as a resident, Andrew Leaf, refuses to leave the public address lectern while discussing his plans to form a countywide militia. Leaf continues talking past the time allowed for public comment and threatens to "fight to the death" as deputies approach him to escort him out. Deputies arrest Leaf and charge him with second-degree criminal trespass.

February 28, 2001, Oregon. Prisoners at the Two Rivers Correctional Institution in Umatilla riot, destroying prison property worth around $57,000 and assaulting a corrections officer before prison officials restored order. According to prison officials, the riot is started by a white supremacist prison gang calling itself the New Family Mafia.

February 28, 2001, California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Washington, Costa Rica. Lowell Wayne Anderson, a Fresno-area resident, is arrested in connection with a multimillion dollar tax fraud case and charged with violating money laundering statutes. Anderson is associated with an organization known as Anderson Ark & Associates, which authorities say markets offshore trusts and other schemes to allow people to illegally avoid paying income taxes. Also charged is Lowell’s brother, Keith Anderson, a resident of Costa Rica and, according to his Web site, a self declared expert in "common law" who claims to help people free themselves from "U.S. D.C. jurisdiction." Additional people charged in the case are Karolyn Grosnickle of Washington, Richard Marks of California, Richard Castellini of New Jersey, and Michael Gonet of Massachusetts. According to authorities, Keith Anderson and Karolyn Grosnickle have not yet been arrested and are now considered fugitives; Costa Rica has no extradition treaty with the United States.


March

March 1, 2001, New York. Following the arrest of a Brooklyn resident, Michael Kneitel, who was firing a gun at photocopies of his mother-in-law attached to trees in a park, police find a cache of Nazi memorabilia and illegal weaponry in his home and a storage area he used. Police seize 20 weapons, including an AK-47 and an Uzi. Kneitel is charged with criminal possession of weapons, endangering the welfare of a child, and resisting arrest. The latter charge stems from a seized photo showing his young daughter posing with an SS uniform with her finger on the trigger of a gun. Kneitel is reportedly Jewish.

March 1, 2001, California. Three white supremacists—Daniel Glen Butler, Gregory Allen McDaniel, and Jason Mac McCully—admit to beating and stabbing a black man near Temecula, California in March 1999. They also admit they are associated with the Western Hammerskins, a racist skinhead group. In return for their plea of guilty to assault with a deadly weapon and a hate crime, they will receive sentences of four years each. Three co-defendants—Travis George Miskam, Alan Thomas Yantis, and Jesse David Douglas-- still await trial.

March 1, 2001, Oregon. Clackamas County sheriff’s deputies and FBI and ATF agents arrest Fritz Springmeier (also known as Victor E. Schoff) and his wife, Patricia Springmeier, for manufacture and distribution of a controlled substance, and conspiracy to manufacture and distribute controlled substances. Police seize marijuana growing equipment, various weapons, and racist literature. Springmeier is associated with the Christian Patriot Association, an extremist group based in Boring, Oregon. The arrests are apparently in connection with an ongoing investigation following a February raid on a Sandy, Oregon, home containing white supremacist literature, illegal weapons, and marijuana plants.

March 5, 2001, Ohio. Sandra Lehman, of Akron, Ohio, pleads guilty to eighteen counts of intimidation for having made a variety of harassing court filings against public officials. Lehman, active in the "sovereign citizen" movement, was angry that officials would not prosecute her daughter’s ex-boyfriend, whom she claimed assaulted her daughter. Her husband, Ellis Lehman, is also charged in this case.

March 9, 2001, New Jersey. Nicholas Morency pleads guilty to intimidating an abortion provider for having offered a $1.5 million bounty over the Internet in 1999 to anybody who killed an abortion provider. He also pleads guilty to possessing child pornography.

March 11, 2001, New York. Long Islander Michael Taffinder, of Belle Harbor, New York, is arrested and charged with attempted murder and second-degree murder for suspected involvement in two separate incidents. Taffinder allegedly killed an African-American cab driver on March 3, while attempting to kidnap an African-American woman riding in the taxi, and allegedly shot into the car of a man escorting a woman home on March 11. According to Suffolk County homicide police, the shooting of the cabdriver had to do with Taffinder’s "Aryan white supremacist activities."

March 12, 2001, California. A Ventura County jury sentences skinhead Justin Merriman to death for raping and killing a woman in 1992, and committing other violent crimes.

March 12, 2001, Florida. Five leaders of the Tampa, Florida, based Greater Ministries International Church are convicted on charges related to an alleged pyramid scheme that authorities said defrauded nearly 19,000 people of as much as $448 million between 1993 and 1999. Greater Ministries president Gerald Payne, his wife Betty Payne, and church elders Patrick Henry Talbert, Haywood Eudon "Don" Hall, and David Whitfield, receive convictions on 72 various counts of conspiracy, wire fraud, money laundering, and unlawful monetary transactions. Gerald Payne faces as much as 200 years in prison; the others 30 or more years in prison.

March 13, 2001, New York, Connecticut. Bruce Silvernail of Plymouth, Connecticut, pleads guilty to a federal gun possession charge related to a traffic stop thirty miles north of Albany in August 2000 in which police found a shotgun, automatic rifle, revolver, rifle, and ammunition in his car. Silvernail, a convicted felon, is not allowed to own or possess firearms. Police also found books, business cards, and videos from the white supremacist World Church of the Creator in Silvernail’s car. Silvernail, who has denied belonging to any white supremacist groups, sports tattoos of swastikas and Hitler.

March 14, 2001, Florida. Noel Cyr, a member of the "Third Regiment, Florida State Militia," in Palm Beach County, Florida, is arrested and charged with open display of a firearm and unlawful use of a badge.

March 14, 2001, Oregon. Donald Harley Carter and Floyd Bradley Howe, both of Klamath Falls, Oregon, are convicted on federal conspiracy and bank charges for using bogus "sight drafts" in an attempt to purchase $850,000 worth of homes and cars. The sight drafts are part of a tactic called "Redemption" that has been very popular in sovereign citizen and anti-government extremist circles since 1999.

March 15, 2001, California. Gregory Lee Claunch, Jr., of Merced, California, is arrested following a stabbing attack on an African-American man on suspicion of attempted murder and a hate crime. Claunch, who has admitted to being a member of the Nazi Low Riders, a white supremacist prison and street gang, allegedly told police that he stabbed the victim because he does not like African-Americans.

caMarch 16, 2001, Colorado, California. Steve Douglas Gartin, a "sovereign citizen" and Christian Identity adherent, is arrested in Fairfax, California in connection with a seventeen-count Colorado indictment generally related to the filing of bogus liens and other harassing filings against public officials in Colorado. Also arrested and charged are Eric Mitchell and Charles Clements.

March 16, 2001, California. Under a plea agreement, white supremacist Alex Curtis, operator of the "Nationalist Observer" Web site and a proponent of "lone wolf" terrorism, pleads guilty in San Diego to two civil rights violations for threatening various people and vandalizing two synagogues. Curtis also agrees to apologize to the people he victimized and to refrain from engaging in white supremacist activity during three years of probation. Of the three other defendants in the case, one, Michael B. DaSilva, still awaits trial, while two others await sentencing.

March 19, 2001, Missouri. Gordon Winrod, a white supremacist Christian Identity minister convicted for abducting his six grandchildren from North Dakota in the mid-1990s, is sentenced to 30 years in prison for the crimes. Meanwhile, Winrod’s daughter, Carol Winrod, enters an "Alford" plea to two charges. In Alford pleas, defendants do not admit guilt but acknowledge that the state can likely convict them. The plea will likely result in a suspended sentence or probation. Two other daughters are serving prison sentences in North Dakota on charges related to the abductions.

March 20, 2001, California. In Ventura County, a group of four or five skinheads attack an Oxnard, California, man who was just walking down the street. According to police, the attackers told the victim that they were skinheads and that he should "go back to Mexico." The victim offered them his wallet, but they refused it and began to beat him. Police have no initial suspects.

March 20, 2001, Florida. National Alliance member Todd Vanbiber arrives in Pinellas County, Florida, to face charges of grand theft in connection with two 1996 burglaries at a local mall that netted more than $35,000 in merchandise. Vanbiber admitted the burglaries to federal agents who had arrested him in connection with a 1997 plot to rob banks in Orlando, Florida, using pipe bomb detonations to distract police. For those offenses, Vanbiber received a reduced sentence of six years in prison after he agreed to cooperate with authorities in cases against associates of his, including an alleged accomplice in the mall robberies, Brian Pickett.

March 22, 2001, Illinois, North Carolina. Clyde LaRue and his ex-wife Debra Fisher LaRue, both from Wilmington, North Carolina, plead guilty to one count of mail fraud and one count of tax evasion each in connection with a scheme to sell interest in FCC licenses. The LaRues are "sovereign citizens" who initially refused to open their summons and later refused to acknowledge the authority of the court over them. Clyde LaRue, a former Springfield, Illinois, resident, had also previously claimed that he was not a U.S. citizen and as a "non-resident" alien was revoking his choice to pay taxes.

March 22, 2001, California. Alleged white supremacist gang member James Allen Gamache is sentenced to 230 years in prison by an Orange County jury for his involvement in a car chase and shootout with police in May 2000.

March 22, 2001, Texas. John Joe Gray, a former Texas militia figure and sovereign citizen, refuses a plea bargain that would have ended his standoff with state authorities that has lasted over a year. Gray, who allegedly assaulted a Texas highway patrol officer in December 1999 during a traffic stop, was offered a deal in which one of the assault charges would be dropped and he would be prosecuted on the other. Gray has since been hiding on his property near Cedar Creek Lake with his large extended family, who patrol the perimeter of their property armed with pistols and rifles. The Gray family has been receiving support and supplies from various anti-government extremists and white supremacists in Texas and surrounding states.

March 22, 2001, California. Palo Alto police arrest two Bay Area electricians, Matthew Rieder and Aaron Richardson, on felony explosive charges after they are called to the area to investigate possible gunfire. Finding the remnants of what appeared to be homemade bombs, police search the vehicles of the two men and find a variety of bomb-making materials, knives, ammunition, manuals on how to kill police offices, and a t-shirt bearing the phrase "white power white pride."

March 23, 2001, Washington, Texas. Washington residents Billy Ann Pearl and Travis J. McCord plead guilty in a Houston court to promoting a pyramid scheme at a meeting in December 1999 at which police confiscated $652,000 in cash. Pearl and McCord, self-declared "constitutionalists," initially refused to acknowledge the authority of the court over them. They are sentenced to six months in jail, but are given credit for time already served and freed.

March 24, 2001, Nevada, California. Three admitted white supremacists are arrested in Reno, Nevada, in connection with an attack in February on an interracial couple. Taken into custody are Dustin Abbey, Kevin Pennington, and Craig Pennington, all California residents; they are charged with battery and hate crime charges.

March 26, 2001, California. Sacramento-area resident Raymond Hall pleads guilty to using a bogus check labeled a "comptroller warrant," a scheme popularized by the Montana Freemen in the mid-1990s, to pay IRS debts of more than $600,000. Hall made the warrant out for $3 million; he also sent such warrants to other institutions, including to two banks which cashed the warrant sent to them. Hall, with two associates, was also convicted on February 12 in a real estate fraud case.

March 26, 2001, California. White supremacist Buford Furrow receives five life sentences for his role in a 1999 shooting spree in Los Angeles that wounded five people at a Jewish community center and killed a Filipino-American postal worker. Furrow apologizes to the victims at his sentencing. He had originally called the shooting a "wake-up call to America to kill Jews."

March 27, 2001, California. In a strange case that has received much publicity, two San Francisco lawyers are indicted on charges that include second-degree murder and arrested in Northern California. Robert Noel and his wife, Marjorie Knoller, were taking care of two large mastiffs that killed a neighbor in January 2001. Knoller faces charges of second-degree murder, involuntary manslaughter, and failing to control a mischievous animal that harmed a human; Noel is charged with involuntary manslaughter and the animal charge. According to authorities, the animals were raised as part of a dog-fighting ring run from Pelican Bay State Prison by two inmates, Paul Schneider and Dale Bretches, who are serving life sentences without parole and who both belong to the Aryan Brotherhood, a white supremacist prison gang. Noel and Knoller adopted Schneider as their son shortly after the killing.

March 28, 2001, Vermont, New York, France. Vermont resident James C. Kopp is arrested in the small town of Dinan, France, by French police officers. Kopp, a fugitive for more than two years, is suspected of having killed Bernard Slepian, an Amherst, New York, abortion doctor. Kopp had allegedly been hiding in Ireland until a few weeks before his arrest in France.

March 29, 2001, New York. Two Brooklyn residents and anti-abortion activists are charged with plotting to help suspected abortion doctor killer and fugitive James C. Kopp reenter the United States. Arrested are Dennis John Malvasi, a convicted abortion clinic bomber, and Loretta Claire Marra.

March 30, 2001, California. Scott Kuhn and Marcello Castellano, both of Lancaster, California, are arrested after police seize a cache of weapons at a storage facility belonging to them. Kuhn is booked on possession of illegal weapons or explosives, while Castellano is booked on parole violation and possession of narcotics. Police recover 73 firearms, including two fully automatic guns, three inert hand grenades, body armor, a sheriff’s uniform and handgun, and a silencer. Police officials state that they believe the suspects are linked to the Nazi Low Riders, a white supremacist prison and street gang.

March 30, 2001, Michigan. Michigan militia leader Mark Koernke of Dexter, Michigan, is convicted of fleeing and eluding police and resisting arrest, charges that stemmed from a strange incident the previous year in which local police thought that Koernke’s car might have been involved in a bank robbery that had just occurred (it was not), and tried to pull Koernke over, who refused to stop and instead led police on a lengthy car chase.


April

April 2, 2001, Texas. Boerne resident Fred A. Taylor is indicted by a Kendall County grand jury on one felony charge of fraudulent filing of a Uniform Commercial Code financing statement. Taylor, who according to newspaper reports is a self-proclaimed member of the sovereign citizen movement, had allegedly filed the documents against his ex-wife's attorney and a judge who ordered him to pay child support. Taylor faces up to two years in prison, if convicted.

April 3, 2001, Maine. Cherryfield, Maine, resident Delbert Weller receives a two-year sentence on state tax felonies. Weller, a tax protester, was found guilty of two counts of income tax evasion, two counts of filing fraudulent returns, and one count of failing to file an income tax return. According to prosecutors, Weller claimed that he was not subject to state or federal law.

April 3, 2001, California. Jesse Chapman of Lancaster is arrested by police on suspicion of possession of narcotics for sale. Police say that Chapman is believed to be a member of the Nazi Low Riders gang, a white supremacist street and prison gang heavily linked to the methamphetamine trade.

April 3, 2001, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, California, Texas. Federal agents arrest three men allegedly involved in running a Ponzi scheme that took in $74 million from thousands of investors in the U.S. and Canada. Arrested are John Wayne Zidar of Nevada, John Wesley Matthews of Arizona, and William Cravens of California; they are charged with mail and wire fraud, money laundering, and conspiracy. Two more suspects-Elizabeth Ann Phillips of Washington and Steven Moreland of Texas-are not initially arrested but will later turn themselves in. The suspects are self-declared "constitutionalists," a name given to members of the anti-government sovereign citizen movement.

April 3, 2001, New York. A federal indictment charges Loretta Claire Marra and Dennis John Malvasi of New York City with interfering with the government's case against James Kopp, who is charged with the 1998 shooting of an abortion doctor, by helping Kopp evade law enforcement. They are also charged with obstructing a grand jury investigation. They face ten years in prison on each charge if convicted.

April 4, 2001, California. Riverside police arrest two women and a man on suspicion of attempted murder after they allegedly critically injured a man over a drug deal. Arrested are James Lee Abbot, Barbara Noe, and Cheron Ahpuck, all of Riverside. According to police, Abbot is a white supremacist and member of the Riverside Independent Skinheads.

April 5, 2001, South Carolina. Jimmy Kris Crawford receives a 37 month prison sentence for his role in burning crosses that belonged to a predominantly black church. Crawford had encouraged two teenagers to burn two of the church's crosses as part of a Ku Klux Klan initiation ceremony. According to the sentencing judge, Crawford had also told one of the teenagers to throw a firebomb into another predominantly black church, but it failed to ignite (had the church burned, said the judge, an additional twenty years would have been added to his sentence). Crawford had been attempting to form a Klan group called the South Carolina Ghost Riders. The teenagers had earlier pleaded guilty to charges stemming from the incident.

April 5, 2001, Illinois. Matthew Braakman of Gurnee receives a two-year prison sentence for his attack on a black teenager at a party in January. According to police, Braakman approached the victim and told him he was a white supremacist and Klan member, then attacked the victim. Another person charged in the same incident, Brian Wohlgemuth, fails to appear in court, causing an arrest warrant to be issued.

April 6, 2001, Washington. A former Stevens County commissioner receives a three month sentence and $2,600 fine for his actions during a traffic stop in December 2000. J. D. Anderson, a member of the sovereign citizen movement, was charged with failing to obey police and obstructing officers during the traffic stop. Anderson, who represented himself in court, argued that the court had no jurisdiction over him.

April 6, 2001, West Virginia, South Carolina. South Carolina resident James List pleads guilty in federal court in Clarksburg, West Virginia, to charges of mail fraud and filing a false tax return related to his role in the Florida-based Greater Ministries International, an organization led by anti-government extremists that operated a multimillion dollar pyramid scheme. List faces up to eight years in prison.

April 9, 2001, Pennsylvania. Valerie R. Harvey of Philadelphia turns herself in to authorities seeking her for failing to appear at hearings related to criminal charges for failing to return a rental car. Calling herself Queen Vallahra El Harre Bey of the Noble Great Seal Moors, she refuses to participate in court hearings, saying that her ancenstry predates the establishment of U.S. law and that U.S. laws have no jurisdiction over her. Harvey is a member of the Moorish movement, an African-American offshoot of the anti-government sovereign citizen movement. The movement is very active in Philadelphia.

April 11, 2001, Washington. Okanogan County resident Mark Alen Rabenold, a sovereign citizen and pirate radio broadcaster who had declared that the courts had no jurisdiction over him, agrees to a plea bargain on charges related to an alleged attempt to run over a federal marshal with a car. Rabenold will plead guilty to third degree assault, while a federal assault charge will be dismissed.

April 11, 2001, Maine. A Franklin County jury indicts Richard A. Smith of Farmington on five counts of income tax evasion and five counts of failure to make and file income tax returns. Smith, a member of the sovereign citizen movement, claims that he is a private citizen of one of the states of the United States, but not a citizen of the United States and therefore not subject to Maine income taxes, according to authorities.

April 14, 2001, California. Three self-described white supremacists are arrested following an alleged attack on a liquor store clerk. Reportedly Kamerson Salley, Teresa Parmeley, and Justin Bailey, all Riverside residents, attacked the clerk while yelling racial slurs. The crime is being investigated as a hate crime.

April 19, 2001, Colorado, Wyoming. Wyoming resident Rex Rabou receives a 35 month prison sentence for attempting to sell 31 pipe bombs to a person who turned out to be an undercover ATF agent in Colorado in 2000. Rabou, a white supremacist and alleged regional officer of the neo-Nazi National Alliance, thought he was selling the bombs to a member of the "National Militia," a fictitious militia group.

April 20, 2001, California. Roy Ashlock of Ventura receives a one-year sentence and five years of probation for his peripheral role in a 1998 murder after pleading guilty to accessory to murder after the fact. That year David Ziesmer, a member of the white supremacist Skinhead Dogs gang, allegedly stabbed a teenage girl to death because he thought she had informed on his criminal activity to police (he is awaiting trial). Ashlock, though not a gang member, helped members dispose of the body. After his arrest, he cooperated with investigators and agreed to testify against others charged in the case.

April 23, 2001, Michigan. Militia leader Mark Koernke is sentenced concurrently to 2-6 years in prison on two charges of assault with a dangerous weapon, between 21 months and three years for resisting and obstructing an officer, and between three and 7 ½ years for fleeing a police officer. Koernke had been convicted in March for fleeing police seeking a bank robbery suspect in Koernke's home town of Dexter, Michigan (Koernke had not been involved in the robbery).

April 23, 2001, Arizona. Authorities serve Jason Paul Doty, already in jail in Tucson, with an arrest warrant for first degree murder, robbery, and burglary. Doty is accused of the murder of a restaurant manager during a robbery; he had previously been indicted for first degree murder for the March slaying of a security guard and for the death of a friend who died in a car wreck during a police pursuit. Authorities say that while previously in prison Doty had attempted to form a Satanist group called the "Circle of Satan" and a jail chapter of the White Aryan Resistance.

April 24, 2001, Kentucky. Federal agents arrest Chris Ayers, a Kentucky State Militia member, on weapons charges. According to militia leader Charlie Puckett, Ayers was found to be in possession of a fully automatic weapons and a sawed off shotgun.

April 24, 2001, Ohio. Sovereign citizen activists Sandra Lehman and Ellis Lehman of Akron receive sentences of two months and one months in jail, respectively, plus probation, following their guilty plea in March to 18 counts of intimidating public officials. Judge Richard M. Markus gives them the lenient sentence under the condition that they cooperate "aggressively" in any future investigations and testify in court if necessary. The two were associated with a prominent sovereign citizen group called Right Way L.A.W., headquartered in Ohio.


May

May 1, 2001, Alabama. Former Klansman Thomas Blanton, Jr., is convicted of murdering four children in a 1963 church bombing in Birmingham and is sentenced to four life terms in prison. The case was one of the most notorious violent incidents during the struggle for civil rights in the 1950s and 1960s, but no perpetrators were convicted for many years after the bombing.

May 1, 2001, California. Racist skinhead Justin Merriman receives a death sentence for the rape and murder of a Los Angeles college student in 1992 in Ventura County. According to prosecutors, Merriman raped the woman, then killed her because he was afraid she would notify the police.

May 3, 2001, South Carolina. Mark Thomas Bolick of Rock Hill, South Carolina, a highway patrol officer, is charged with one felony count of state income tax evasion. Bolick, active in the tax protest movement, filed a false 1999 tax return. He is a follower of tax protest guru Irwin Schiff.

May 3, 2001, Michigan, Arizona. Arizona resident Susanne Konicov pleads guilty in federal court in Grand Rapids, Michigan, to failing to file income tax returns for three years. Susanne and her husband Barrie, an active figure in the tax protest movement, had been charged in April for conspiring to cheat the government and failing to file tax returns for the years 1994-96. Susanne Konicov said that she didn't "have the stomach" for it anymore; her husband faces trial in June.

May 5, 2001, Indiana. Eight people are arrested following a Ku Klan Klan rally in South Bend after violence breaks out between Klansmen on their way to their cars and counterprotesters. Several Klansmen are arrested, including Richard Loy of Indianapolis, Indiana Grand Dragon of the American Knights of the KKK, on disorderly conduct charges, and John Cochran, eventually charged with two felony counts of resisting law enforcement and three misdemeanor counts of battery, disorderly conduct and resisting law enforcement.

May 8, 2001, Louisiana. Winnsboro resident Paul Joseph Miles pleads guilty to conspiracy to commit mail fraud, mail fraud, and passport fraud. Miles, a member of the sovereign citizen group called the Washitaw Nation, had been charged with selling drivers licenses, birth certificates, and passports for the fictitious nation, which he claimed would grant buyers exemption from federal and state authority.

May 11, 2001, Rhode Island. A federal judge in Providence sentences drug dealer Paul Riend to nearly sixteen years in prison for his participation in a drug smuggling ring that moved thousands of pounds of marijuana from California to Rhode Island. While in prison, Riend was exposed to the "redemption" theories of anti-government sovereign citizen activists; consequently, during his trial he represented himself and claimed that the court had no jurisdiction over him and that he was not the person named in the indictment, which was not directed at the "flesh and blood person." According to Riend's stand-by co-counsel, at least four other criminal defendants who had been housed at the Donald W. Wyatt Detention Center had used the same type of defense in federal court.

May 9, 2001, Pennsylvania. An Allegheny County jury convicts white supremacist Richard Baumhammers on five counts of first degree murder for Baumhammers' shooting spree the previous year that targeted Jews, Asians, and African-Americans. Five victims died in the shooting spree and a sixth was paralyzed from the neck down. Baumhammers faces multiple death sentences.

May 15, 2001, Florida. Three Jacksonville men who attacked a black man after attending a skinhead rally plead guilty to hate crime charges. Robert Harley Parrott, Jacob Albert Laskey, and Edward Richard Fix II were each charged with battery with prejudice following the December attack. They face up to five years in prison.

May 16, 2001, California. Police arrest six skinheads in Santa Clarita following the execution of search warrants at five locations. According to authorities, 22 explosions, three fires, several hundred car burglaries and vandalisms, and numerous racial intimidation incidents can be attributed to the suspects, who face charges including arson, assault with a flammable liquid, detonation of explosive devices, and burglary. Arrested are David Eugene Lampman, 18, and five juveniles.

May 20, 2001, Pennsylvania. A homemade bomb is discovered in Pennsburg, Pennsylvania, covered with swastikas and racist and anti-Semitic epithets. The bomb, made from a beer bottle, contained a flammable liquid and an M-80 firecracker. Authorities have no suspects in the case.

May 24, 2001, Missouri. Carol Winrod, daughter of notorious white supremacist Gordon Winrod, receives a sentence of five years probation for her role in the abduction of six nieces and nephews. She had previously entered an "Alford plea," an option in Missouri in which one does not admit guilt but acknowledges that the state has enough evidence to convict. Gordon Winrod earlier received a 30 year sentence for his own role in abducting the children in order to, according to authorities, indoctrinate them in his anti-Semitic beliefs. A third individual, Carol's brother, was acquitted on similar charges. The Winrods are adherents of the racist and anti-Semitic Christian Identity sect.


June

June 4, 2001, Ohio. Two Cleveland-area sovereign citizen activists, Richard Lewis and Joan Bowman, are sentenced to ten years in prison after receiving convictions on felony intimidation charges in May. The two were practitioners of the "redemption" scheme, a tactic used by anti-government activists to print bogus "sight drafts," who had attempted to harass public officials and law enforcement officers involved in their previous arrest and trial for having attempted to use a redemption sight draft to purchase eight Cadillacs in 1999.

June 4, 2001, Illinois. Eric Hanson shoots two Illinois state troopers outside a grocery store in Lindenhurst before being fatally shot himself after a 14-hour standoff. Hanson, previously convicted of a hate crime in 1999, as well as illegal weapons possession, was a heavily tattooed white supremacist active in the neo-Nazi National Alliance. The shootout began when officers went to Hanson's home to arrest him on a misdemeanor gun charge (his gun permit had expired); a chase ensued when Hanson fled via car to the grocery store.

June 5, 2001, New York. Self-proclaimed white supremacist and Aryan Nations member Peter Chaliff pleads guilty in Queens to criminal possession of a weapon. He had originally been charged with murder in the death of a delicatessen employee in 1993. Chaliff faces 7 to 14 years in state prison. An investigation into the killing continues.

June 6, 2001, Florida, Pennsylvania. Two members of the Tampa-based Greater Ministries International, an organization run by anti-government extremists that operated an enormous multimillion dollar pyramid scheme, receive prison sentences for their roles in the scheme. James R. Chambers, who pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud, receives a five year sentence in federal prison, while Andrew John Krishak, a Pennsylvanian who pleaded guilty to the same charge, receives a 30-month sentence.

June 6, 2001, California. Two Santa Clarita teenagers plead guilty to charges related to a series of firebombings and burglaries for which they and several other teens were arrested (see above, May 16). Because they are minors, their names have not been released. One of the teens admitted to possessing a destructive device and burglary and was sentenced to an indeterminate period at juvenile camp, while the other admitted to making a terrorist threat and was sentenced to home probation.

June 8, 2001, California. A Santa Clarita teenager pleads guilty to stalking, participating in a hate crime and making terrorist threats, in connection with a series of firebombings and other crimes in Santa Clarita (see above). He is sentenced to a boot camp term of six months to one year.

June 11, 2001, Indiana, Oklahoma. Timothy McVeigh, convicted in the April 19, 1995 Oklahoma City Murrah Federal Building bombing that killed 168 people, is executed by lethal injection at a federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana. He is the first federal prisoner executed in 38 years.

June 11, 2001, California. San Diego white supremacist Alex Curtis, known for his Nationalist Observer newsletter and Internet mailing list, as well as for his advocacy of violent "lone wolf" tactics, receives a three-year prison sentence following a plea agreement in which he pleaded guilty to conspiracy to violate civil rights. Curtis had engaged in a campaign of harassment against several area civil rights activists and public officials. An accomplice, Michael Brian DaSilva, pleaded guilty in May to one count of conspiracy to violate civil rights.

June 12, 2001, California. Two Santa Clarita men, Kevin Mitchell Conroy and David Wayne Haisten, are arrested on charges of terrorist threats and stalking for allegedly threatening an African-American restaurant manager. The arrests are part of a long investigation by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department into a group of white supremacist skinheads accused of multiple bombings, arsons, and burglaries. According to police, Conroy and Haisten are friends of six Santa Clarita youths arrested in May (see above, June 6, 8).

June 13, 2001, Texas. Police in Forth Worth seize "volumes and volumes" of militia and anti-government literature, a number of assault weapons, bomb-making materials, and more than 9,000 rounds of ammunition from a storage unit and motel room rented by Fort Worth resident Michael Joseph Toth. Toth faces charges of possession of explosive components and possession of a prohibited weapon. Toth had been arrested on June 7 after allegedly pointing an assault rifle at the head of a man outside a pool hall. According to police, Toth had enough materials to produce 700 to 1,200 pounds of explosives.

June 17, 2001, Missouri. At a Denny's restaurant in Springfield, Missouri, a group of white men attack and stab a black man eating at the restaurant with his white girlfriend and another interracial couple. Witnesses at the restaurant say some in the group had swastika tattoos and Aryan Nations t-shirts. The Justice Department opens an investigation as a possible hate crime, but has no initial suspects.

June 20, 2001, Massachusetts. A federal grand jury indicts white supremacists Leo Felton and Erica Chase on a variety of charges related to an alleged plan to blow up Jewish or African-American property in order to ignite a race war. The two are charged with conspiring to make a destructive device, firearms violations, making and passing counterfeit currency, and conspiracy to obstruct justice. Felton is also charged with attempting to receive explosive materials and being a convicted felon in possession of firearms. Felton was a member of the white supremacist group White Order of Thule. He faces up to 65 years in prison, while Chase faces up to 35 years.

June 20, 2001, Texas. Ku Klux Klan leader James Roesch of Woodville, Texas, is arrested by local law enforcement officers on charges of indecency with a minor. Roesch, the Imperial Wizard of the Knights of the White Kamelia, moved to the area-home to Jasper, scene of the 1998 dragging death of James Byrd, Jr.-in 1998 from Ohio.

June 28, 2001, New York. Aryan Nations member Peter Chaliff is sentenced to seven to 14 years in state prison on gun possession charges in Queens following a plea deal earlier this month (see above, June 5). Chaliff said he should be considered a military prisoner and judged by a military court.


July

July 3, 2001, Texas. John Matthew Turnbow, a Wichita Falls-area resident, is sentenced to life in prison for the 1998 slaying of Zacchaeus Field simply because Field was black. A previous trial ended in a hung jury. Turnbow once signed a document in jail claiming affiliation with a white supremacist group, but later denied being a member. Another person charged in connection with the shooting, Roger Neal Bridges, awaits trial.

July 3, 2001, California. In Sacramento, a jury finds Joshua Mark Gilmore, member of a white power street gang as well as the World Church of the Creator, guilty of attempted murder for assaults on two people mistaken as members of a anti-racist skinhead group in 1997.

July 5, 2001, Ohio. Daniel Kincaid, leader of the Ohio chapter of the neo-Nazi Aryan Nations, is arrested by federal agents at his home outside Columbus on suspicion of possessing pipe bombs and illegally selling firearms, following the issue of a 14-count indictment.

July 6, 2001, Idaho. Sandpoint resident Vincent Bertollini, a multi-millionaire and founder of the white supremacist 11th Hour Remnant Messenger, becomes a fugitive by failing to show up for two hearings relating to a felony drunk driving charge. A judge issues a bench warrant for his arrest. Some authorities suspect he may be in Europe.

July 9, 2001, California. David Eugene Lampman pleads guilty to stalking an African-American bus driver with a group of Santa Clarita white supremacist skinheads. Under the plea deal, charges of possessing and detonating an explosive device and conspiracy to commit assault were dropped. Prosecutors agreed to drop the charges because Lampman had no prior record and was not the primary instigator in the incidents. He faces up to six months in prison and three years' probation. Lampman's arrest was part of a multi-month investigation into the activities of the Santa Clarita group, whose members committed a large number of bombings, arsons, and burglaries. Several other members, all juveniles, previously entered guilty pleas.

July 9, 2001, California. In Riverside, a judge sentences Lee Ryan Rose and Daniel Fernandez, Jr., to eighteen months in federal prison and three years of supervised release. Rose had earlier pleaded guilty to one count of civil rights conspiracy and one count of interference with housing rights, while Fernandez had pleaded guilty to one civil rights conspiracy charge. They had been arrested for torching vehicles in order to intimidate a black man in June and July 2000. The judge also orders 150 hours of community service for each defendant, restitution to the victim and reimbursement to the city for clean-up costs, and orders the defendants to avoid white supremacist groups and publications.

July 11, 2001, California. Police in Ventura County arrest four Ventura men for allegedly assaulting two people outside a coffee store in Port Hueneme in what is described as a racially motivated hate crime. Arrested are Joshua Brunkhurst, Michael Keaser, James Smiley, and Christopher Wallace. According to police, all four are members of a skinhead gang.

July 11, 2001, Louisiana. Lake Charles resident David Daniel Settlemyer pleads guilty to attempting to persuade a man to travel to Louisiana to have sex with a minor, as well as to sending child pornography by computer. With this and other charges, Settlemyer may face life in prison. Prosecutors claim that Settlemyer tried to convince someone he met on-line (who turned out to be an undercover FBI agent) to come to Louisiana to kidnap and rape three girls. Settlemyer had previously been convicted for kidnapping and attempted kidnapping. A California man, Chance Rearden, faces a number of charges related to an alleged attempt by Rearden to persuade Settlemyer to go to California to hunt, kidnap, rape, and kill children. Authorities claim that Rearden is an admitted neo-Nazi, Satanist, and white supremacist.

July 12, 2001, Indiana. Richard Loy, Indiana Grand Dragon for the National Church of the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, is arrested in Osceola on a felony charge of intimidation for allegedly displaying a gun while making threatening remarks to a neighbor. Loy faces up to eight years in prison if convicted.

July 14, 2001, Oregon. In Medford, Oregon, two activists in the anti-government sovereign citizen movement receive sentences of three years in prison. Donald Harley Carter and Floyd Bradley Howe were convicted of conspiracy and multiple counts of passing fictitious financial instruments in an attempt to use bogus sight drafts to purchase a cabin and several Cadillacs. The bogus sight drafts are part of a popular sovereign citizen tactic called "redemption," which has resulted in arrests in a number of states.

July 16, 2001, Washington. A black man is assaulted in Clark County by a group of white men in what police believe is a racially motivated assault. Two teenagers who allegedly aided in the attack are arrested by police soon after, but the two principal suspects, self-proclaimed skinhead Brent W. Luyster and Roy J. Thompson, remain at large. Police say several of the assailants are white supremacist skinheads.

July 20, 2001, Pennsylvania. Washington, Pennsylvania, tax protester Larry Stuler, who has refused to pay taxes for the past seventeen years, is convicted on charges of willful failure to file income tax returns for the years 1994-1996. Stuler, also active in the sovereign citizen movement, claimed that he was a Pennsylvania citizen but not a citizen of the U.S., that the IRS was a foreign agency, that paper money was unconstitutional, and that income taxes were voluntary.

July 23, 2001, Ohio. Dayton police detonate a pipe bomb found near a West Carrollton apartment building. Police believe that the bomb was made by an Ohio Aryan Nations member who may have delivered a pipe bomb to Ohio Aryan Nations leader Daniel Kincaid, currently under arrest on related charges. Police do not name the suspect, but newspapers identify him on the basis of court papers as David A. Godfrey.

July 25, 2001, California. Lancaster County sheriff's deputies engage in a probation sweep that results in ten arrests, as well as the confiscation of a variety of weapons and white supremacist paraphernalia at one of the residences. At the search of the home of Matthew Gore, an alleged white supremacist gang member sought by police for probation violations, sheriff's deputies find a cache of weapons ranging from homemade swords and knives to a .22 caliber rifle, as well as a baseball bat carved with white supremacist logos. Gore is arrested on a no-bail probation violation warrant, suspicion of possession of a deadly weapon, and being a felon in possession of ammunition.

July 26, 2001, California. A gun battle takes place in an isolated mountain cabin in Butte County between two sheriff's deputies and the cabin's occupant, Richard Gerald Bracklow. The deputies were responding to a call from a neighbor who said that Bracklow had threatened him. What happened at the cabin remains unclear. Police who show up at the cabin forty five minutes later after failing to contact the deputies discover all three individuals dead. Bracklow was described by neighbors as a heavily armed survivalist who often carried weapons in public and dressed in camouflage clothing. Bracklow's father said he had been diagnosed two years earlier as a manic-depressive.

July 31, 2001, Pennsylvania, New York. An African-American couple in Pemberton Township are assaulted in their house by two men wielding baseball bats, who also held a white neighbor at gunpoint. Arrested following the attack are Brian Nielson of Pemberton and Henry Baird of Sidney, New York. Police say that they found Confederate flags and white power music compact discs in Nielsen's car and home and that both suspects have racist tattoos. They are charged with aggravated assault, bias assault, unlawful weapons possession, burglary, and making terroristic threats. The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that Baird became a white supremacist skinhead while in prison.


August

August 3, 2001, Ohio, California. California sovereign citizen activist Ronald Lutz, an advocate of "redemption," an anti-government tactic involving the creation of bogus sight drafts, is convicted in Cleveland on multiple counts of forgery, extortion, retaliation, intimidation, and engaging in a pattern of corrupt activity. Lutz and several Ohio associates attempted to use bogus sight drafts to purchase Cadillacs; following his arrest, Lutz attempted to force the Cadillac dealership as well as a local judge into involuntary bankruptcy.

August 6, 2001, Florida. Tampa-based Greater Ministries International founder Gerald Payne receives a 27-year prison sentence on fraud and conspiracy convictions for his role in a multimillion dollar pyramid scheme. His wife, Betty Payne, receives a nearly 13 year sentence for her own role. The Paynes, anti-government activists who concocted a slick religious-based investment scheme, took in hundreds of millions of dollars in what may be the largest pyramid scheme ever in the United States.

August 6, 2001, Massachusetts. State police arrest two white supremacists, Brian Moroney of Dracut and John Burke of Acton, for allegedly plotting to rob a supermarket in Middleboro. The two are charged with conspiracy to commit armed robbery, and possession of dangerous weapons; Moroney is also charged with several drug-related offenses. Both are wanted on prior charges in Massachusetts and other states as well.

August 8, 2001, Texas. Five members of the Republic of Texas extremist group, including leader Richard McLaren, accept a plea agreement on federal firearms charges against them. McLaren pleads guilty to one count of possessing explosives, while four others-Robert Otto, Robert Scheidt, Gregg Paulson, and Richard Keyes III-plead guilty to conspiracy to make, transfer, receive and possess unregistered firearms. McLaren, already serving a 12 ½ year sentence on federal fraud charges, faces a maximum ten year sentence as a result, while the others face up to five years in prison. A sixth defendant, Karen Paulson, previously plead guilty to being an illegal immigrant in possession of a firearm.

August 8, 2001, Florida. Patrick Henry Talbert receives a 19 ½ year federal prison sentence for his role in a multimillion dollar pyramid scheme run by Greater Ministries International, a Tampa-based group of anti-government extremists. Talbert was one of the leaders of GMI. Talbert is currently serving a 10 year state sentence related to a separate pyramid scheme; his sentences will run concurrently.

August 8, 2001, Texas. In Forth Worth, Lewis Mohr, described by his girlfriend as a member of the Republic of Texas extremist group, is arrested on domestic assault charges following a three-hour police standoff at a Fort Worth motel. Police find five handguns inside his hotel room.

August 8, 2001, Massachusetts. Police in Marshfield arrest Dimitri Spiliakos on drug and weapons charges following months of surveillance. In his car and residence, police discover an arsenal that includes four handguns, two pistol-grip shotguns, five rifles, other weapons, and more than 1,600 rounds of ammo, as well as swastika flags, newspaper clippings on jailed white supremacist Leo Felton, notebooks with racist and anti-Semitic writings, and a picture of Martin Luther King used for target practice. Letters allegedly written by Spiliakos and taken by police refer to a desire to wage race war and to the killing of minorities. "I like to shoot cans," Spiliakos allegedly wrote in one letter, "Africans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Republicans, Asians, Americans and Jews."

August 9, 2001, Minnesota. A Hennepin County jury finds St. Anthony resident Mark O. Staats guilty of aiding and abetting in the murder of Dustin Jirasek in December 2000. Staats receives a mandatory life sentence as a result. Staats was allegedly with another man, Michael Dahlin, when Dahlin bought shotgun shells, drove to Jirasek's home and shot Jirasek. Dahlin faces trial on first-degree murder charges. According to court documents, Dahlin auditioned for Jirasek's band, but was turned down because of his white supremacist tattoos.

August 9, 2001, Ohio. Newark anti-gay activist Charles Spingola, leader of Unashamed & Associates, is charged with assault and aggravated menacing for splashing gasoline on a security worker at a gay pride parade in Columbus in June, where he burned a gay pride flag. In February 2000, Spingola was convicted of criminal damaging for a June 1999 incident in which he climbed a flagpole to cut down a gay pride flag at the Ohio Statehouse.

August 12, 2001, Indiana. Two Indiana militia leaders are arrested and held without bond on charges of conspiracy to commit murder and on various weapons charges. Fred Keuthan and Dallas Fultz, both Owen County residents and leaders in a militia group that called itself the 14th Regiment Indiana State Militia, allegedly plotted to have another member of their group killed while the two demonstrated against a controversial play. According to police, they tried to hire someone to kill the other militia member, but the person they chose was an undercover state police trooper. Law enforcement officials decided to act after learning that Keuthan and Fultz had allegedly sent more than a dozen militia members with weapons to join a rally protesting the play "Corpus Christi."

August 14, 2001, Louisiana. David Settlemyer receives a life sentence following a guilty plea for solicitation to murder; Settlemyer had admitted trying to hire an admitted white supremacist and Satanist, Chance Rearden, to kill his sister so that he could have sex with her children (see above, July 11, for details).

August 16, 2001, Washington. Police arrest Clark County resident Roy Thompson, wanted since he became a suspect in an attack on a black man on July 16. Apprehended earlier were two juvenile suspects, while one suspect, white supremacist skinhead Brent Luyster, remains at large.

August 16, 2001, New York. Alleged white supremacist Christopher Slavin is found guilty on two counts of attempted murder for his role in the beating of two Mexican day laborers on Long Island in September 2000; he faces up to 50 years in prison. Another defendant, Ryan Wagner, still awaits trial.

August 17, 2001, Indiana. Indiana State Militia member Gary Mayo is arrested in Cloverdale as part of an ongoing federal and state investigation into militia members allegedly involved in drug trafficking as well as a murder plot. Mayo is charged with dealing more than 30 pounds of marijuana, although authorities say that additional charges could be filed. According to police, Mayo, who is fluent in Spanish, helped arrange drug and gun transactions with people in Mexico. Two militia members, Fred Keuthan and Dallas Fultz, were arrested earlier; police still seek another militia member, Michael Smoot, on weapons and conspiracy charges, as well as Gary's father, Donald Mayo, a militia member and intended victim of the alleged murder plot. According to authorities, Keuthan and Smoot believed that Donald Mayo was acting as an informant and hired someone to kill Mayo. However, that person was an undercover Indiana state trooper.

August 17, 2001, Florida. Following a lengthy trial in Miami, John Philip Ellis, Sr., Robert Koch and Jeffrey Pollard are convicted on charges of conspiring to defraud the United States. The three Palm Beach County residents sold "common law" trusts that they claimed would allow people who bought them to avoid filing tax returns. They face up to five years in prison and fines of $250,000. Ellis is also convicted on an obstruction of justice charge, which carries a sentence of up to 10 years. Ellis claimed that he was a sovereign citizen of Florida and not subject to federal law, courts, or taxes. Six other defendants pleaded guilty either before or during the trial.

August 21, 2001, California. Federal and local law enforcement agencies wrap up an 18-month investigation of methamphetamine dealing in southern California with raids against 21 locations. The investigation, "Operation Silent Thunder," involved the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and the DEA, as well as the FBI, state and local parole and probation agents, and the Los Angeles Police Department. It produced 293 arrests, closed 16 meth labs, and seized more than $2 million worth of methamphetamine, as well as hundreds of firearms and large amounts of cash. Seventy-two of the nearly 300 arrested were known members or associates of white supremacist groups, according to authorities.

August 21, Missouri. Justin Scapino of Sikeston receives a sixteen month sentence following a guilty plea on a federal charge of racial intimidation. Scapino had burned an eight-foot cross in the yard of a black family in the southeast Missouri town. According to an accomplice, Thomas Lehmann, the act had to do with white power, the KKK, and "getting the black people out of here." Lehmann pleaded guilty to state charges in March.

August 22, Nevada. Larry Peck is arrested after having allegedly shot and killed Reno police officer John Bohach. Following the shootout, police find a cache of weapons in his home, including an assault rifle, two bolt-action rifles, a shotgun, and handguns. According to police, family members described Peck as a "militia-type survivalist." Police claim Peck has an anti-government ideology with connections to various groups outside Nevada, including the Colorado-based Christian Identity "Scriptures for America." The shootout began after Peck allegedly fled from a traffic stop to his home. Officers were surrounding the home when Peck reportedly opened fire, hitting Bohach. Peck was captured unharmed after a 4 ½ hour standoff. Bohach died soon afterwards at a nearby hospital.

August 23, 2001, New Mexico. Sovereign citizen activist Mark Allen Beall is convicted on two counts of assault with intent to commit a violent felony on a peace officer, a misdemeanor charge of resisting, evading or obstructing an officer, and a petty misdemeanor charge of negligent use of a firearm. In March 2000, Beall had fired at Tularosa Police Department officers during a traffic stop for a cracked tail light. Beall claimed that he had fired in self-defense because the officers wanted to "exterminate" him.

August 24, 2001, California. Two San Diego men are sentenced for their role in a campaign of harassment against synagogues, Jews, and public officials. Michael Brian DaSilva receives a 22 month sentence, while Robert Nichol Morehouse receives 18 months in prison. Their accomplice, Alex Curtis, a prominent figure in the white supremacist movement, was previously sentenced to three years in prison.

August 24, 2001, Oregon. Portland resident and self-described "constitutional counselor" Marcel Roy Bendshadler is arrested in Klamath County after failing to appear in court on charges of illegally carrying a concealed weapon and two counts of possessing a firearm in a public building. Bendshadler, a sovereign citizen activist, claims that he is a "political prisoner."

August 24, 2001, Washington. Vancouver resident James Dalton Bell receives a ten year sentence in federal prison for stalking a federal agent who had investigated Bell several years earlier in a case in which Bell was convicted of obstructing the Internal Revenue Service. Released in prison in the spring of 2000, Bell began visiting and harassing the agent. He was convicted on two counts of felony interstate stalking; a jury deadlocked on charges of stalking against other individuals. Bell is a well-known anti-government activist who achieved notoriety in 1997 with his controversial Internet essay "Assassination Politics," which proposed a system for murdering government officials.

August 25, 2001, Montana, Minnesota, Oregon. Montana resident Jason Potter is arrested near Grove City, Minnesota. According to authorities, Potter is one of six people, members of the Montana Front Working Class Skinheads, indicted by a federal grand jury in Montana on federal hate crimes charges for allegedly attacking a black man and a Hispanic man and woman in Billings, Montana, in the summer of 2000. Also indicted are Ryan Patrick Flaherty, Sean Ray Allen, Eric Adam Dixon, and Jeremiah C. Skidmore, all from Billings, and Michael Thomas Flom of Portland, Oregon. All are now currently in custody.

August 27, 2001, Ohio, California. California resident and sovereign citizen activist Ronald Lutz receives a 17-year prison sentence in Cleveland for trying to use bogus "sight drafts" to buy Cadillacs and for filing involuntary bankruptcy petitions against the Cadillac dealer and a local judge. Lutz was a vocal proponent of the "redemption" scheme, a tactic popular among anti-government extremists that involves printing fictitious financial instruments called "sight drafts."

August 27, 2001, Minnesota. Michael J. Pigg and Jarod L. Sparks are charged with felony harassment and fourth-degree assault (aiding and abetting a fourth-degree assault in Sparks' case) for allegedly attacking a young multiracial child following a Ku Klux Klan rally at the State Capitol. Pigg is taken into custody; Sparks turns himself in a day later. Prosecutors say they do not know whether the men are actual members of the Klan.

August 28, 2001, California. Kelly Rangel of Camarillo receives a nine month sentence on perjury charges for having provided a false alibi for her boyfriend, David Ziesmer, a skinhead gang member charged along with five others for allegedly killing a Ventura teenaged girl in a motel room.

August 30, 2001, Washington. Brent W. Luyster is arrested in Vancouver, Washington, charged with second-degree assault, second-degree malicious mischief, and rioting. Luyster, a skinhead, is one of four people whom authorities say attacked a black man the previous summer in a racially-motivated assault. Also facing trail on similar charges are Robert Arlen Luyster and Roy J. Thompson. A 13-year old boy was sentenced earlier in August to 60 days in detention and community service for his involvement in the attack.


September

September 4, 2001, Missouri. St. Joseph resident and Ku Klux Klan member Joseph M. Callen is convicted of a felony hate crime for trespassing at a plasma center in St. Joseph that is managed by an African-American woman. Callen faces up to five years in prison.

September 4, 2001, California. Federal indictments unsealed in San Francisco charge eight alleged members of the Aryan Brotherhood with a variety of crimes, including charges relating to the 1995 murder of a Sonoma County sheriff's deputy. Robert Scully and Brenda Moore, already sentenced to death and 14 years respectively for their involvement in that murder, face new charges. The indictments claim that Moore and Scully were committing robberies on orders from prisoner Paul Schneider when they killed the deputy and charge Moore with murder and ten other federal crimes. Schneider faces 13 counts, including murder, attempted murder, and conspiracy to commit murder. The others-James Pendleton, Reuben Pappan, Phillip Fortman, John Harper, Robert Shields, and Mark Glass-are charged with various racketeering, conspiracy, robbery, attempted murder, and drug charges. According to authorities, the investigation that resulted in these indictments predated the highly-publicized attack by two dogs owned by Schneider on a San Francisco woman.

September 6, 2001, Indiana. Indiana militia member Michael Smoot of Cloverdale is arrested to face charges of attempted murder for his alleged involvement in a plot to kill another militia member. Smoot is the fourth member of the 14th Regiment, Indiana State Militia, to be arrested in connection with this incident. Previously arrested were Gary Mayo, Fred Keuthan, and Dallas Fultz.

September 6, 2001, Pennsylvania. In Pittsburgh, a judge hands down five consecutive death sentences and 112 ½ to 225 years in prison to white supremacist Richard Baumhammers for his April 2000 mass murder spree in which he killed five people and paralyzed a sixth, all member of racial, ethnic, or religious minorities. In a statement read at the sentencing, Allegheny County Common Pleas Judge Jeffrey A. Manning said that "this case is more grotesque, vicious and frightening than any case over which I have presided or ever expect to."

September 6, 2001, West Virginia. In Bluefield, West Virginia, a jury convicts sovereign citizen Rodney Eugene Smith on fifteen counts of weapons violations, bankruptcy fraud, and other charges. Smith, an advocate of the "redemption" tactic, which advocates creating fictitious financial instruments called "sight drafts" and using IRS forms to harass public officials, engaged in both of those activities. Smith served as his own attorney, claiming that the United States could not be a sovereign nation if it did business with paper money.

September 7, 2001, California. Benjamin and James Williams, brothers and white supremacists, plead guilty to federal charges relating to arsons of three Sacramento synagogues and an abortion clinic in 1999. They face sentences of 30 and 20 years respectively; they also still face state murder charges in the killings of two gay men, also in 1999.

September 9, 2001, California. Sacramento resident Joseph Ferguson embarks on a brutal shooting spree, killing five people and wounding a police officer before finally taking his own life. Ferguson begins the spree by showing up at an equipment yard and killing two security guards-most of the victims were associated with the security company for which he formerly worked. According to newspaper reports, a police search of Ferguson's residence reveals a number of guns, a wide range of white supremacist literature, and an underground bunker.

September 12, 2001, Georgia. Lumpkin County Sheriff's Department officials arrest Karl Joseph Green and Jason McGhee for allegedly firing off guns while shouting racist chants in front of a school bus full of students and charge them with firing weapons in a public area and other offenses. Police searching Green's home discover a plethora of literature and recruitment material for the neo-Nazi National Alliance.

September 13, 2001, California. Merced resident Greg Claunch receives a 20-year sentence for a racially motivated knife assault against an African-American man in March. Claunch, a self-admitted member of the white supremacist Nazi Low Riders gang, allegedly told police that he did not like blacks and had committed the stabbing because he had been "disrespected."

September 15, 2001, Indiana. Three Bloomington residents are arrested and charged with a felony hate crime for allegedly starting a racially motivated fight with local university students. Arrested are Eric Binion, Tony Cole, and Adam Carver. They are also charged with aggravated battery, mob action, and resisting and obstructing police officers. According to police, Binion claimed that he was a member of the Ku Klux Klan and threatened to have his Klan friends target police officers.

September 18, 2001, California. Lancaster County sheriff's deputies arrest three people during a sweep aimed at parolees and probationers who are alleged members of white supremacist gangs. The arrests are for parole violations.

September 19, 2001, Massachusetts, New Jersey. A federal grand jury in Boston, Massachusetts, returns a superseding indictment against white supremacist Leo Felton, charging him with bank robbery and conspiracy to rob an armored car in order to finance a white supremacist underground cell. Felton and a co-defendant, Erica Chase, already face charges that include conspiring to make a destructive device to blow up Jewish- or black-related property to ignite a race war. According to the indictment, Felton and others were attempting to emulate "The Order," a white supremacist terrorist group that committed robberies and murders in the early 1980s. Meanwhile, in federal court in New Jersey, Thomas Struss, an associate of Felton's, pleads guilty to related charges.

September 19, 2001, Idaho, Utah. Mike Powell of Logan, Utah, is convicted on seven counts of assisting in the preparation of false tax returns. Powell, an accountant, was allegedly assisting Idaho sovereign citizen activist and tax protester Gary DeMott to prepare false tax returns for members of DeMott's group. DeMott, convicted earlier this year, is serving nine years in prison for the scheme. Powell faces up to 26 years in prison.

September 21, 2001, Oregon. Hillsboro resident Thomas Colvin, 18, is sentenced to five months in jail and 200 hours of community service following a guilty plea for threatening a teacher and defacing area schools and parks with white supremacist graffiti. Colvin pleads guilty to one count of first-degree intimidation for writing death threats on the classroom door of an elementary school teacher with an Asian surname, as well as two counts of second-degree criminal mischief. Police believe Colvin organized a local white supremacist group called "White Pride."

September 28, 2001, Indiana. Railton Loy, a Mishawaka resident and local Ku Klux Klan "Imperial Wizard," is convicted on a misdemeanor charge of phone harassment for leaving a threatening message on the voice-mail of a reporter for the South Bend Tribune that said "I sure wanna find out where you live." He faces up to six months in jail and a $5,000 fine.

September 29, 2001, Nevada. Two Reno residents, alleged skinheads, are arrested for the beating and robbery of a man two weeks earlier in what police call a suspected hate crime. Arrested are Chris Amador and Eddie Rourke. Police say that Amador allegedly confronted the victim two days before the attack, telling the victim that he was "messing up the white race" because the victim had a child with a Hispanic woman. The two are booked for investigation of armed robbery and battery with a hate crime enhancement.


October

October 1, 2001, Wisconsin. Thomas Iverson of Beloit, Wisconsin, is charged with making a bomb threat and using a phone for harassment, as hate crimes, in connection with phone threats allegedly made to a convenience store owner of Jordanian descent. Iverson reportedly identified himself as a member of the Wisconsin Militia, said that he knew where the victim and his family lived, and threatened to burn down their house and store and kill them if they did not leave town within 24 hours. Iverson also allegedly called 911 and said that the Wisconsin Militia was going to blow up the store. Iverson, who denies making the calls, is also charged with two misdemeanor counts of bail jumping. He will also face a federal charge of making threats to intimidate a person with fire or an explosive.

October 1, 2001, Indiana. Jeff Berry, leader of the Church of the American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, pleads guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit criminal confinement with a deadly weapon in a deal with prosecutors. Three other charges are dropped. The charges stem from a 1999 incident involving local television reporters who claimed that Berry held them hostage in his home until they surrendered the videotape of an interview they had done with him. The two reporters previously won a $120,000 civil judgment against Berry in connection with the incident.

October 3, 2001, California. Frazier Park resident Paul A. Jenkins receives a conviction on state charges of tax evasion. Jenkins and his wife (who herself was convicted of a misdemeanor count of failing to file a tax return) reportedly owed the state more than $11,000 in taxes. Jenkins used tax protest arguments in his trial to suggest that his job activities were not "revenue taxable." He faces up to two years in state prison.

October 3, 2001, California. Alan Thomas Yantis of Temecula pleads guilty to assault with a deadly weapon and a hate crime for his role in a 1999 attack on a black man. He is sentenced to 10 years in prison. Yantis had been charged with attempted murder. Three other defendants in the case still face trial, while three more-Daniel Glen Butler, Gregory Allen McDaniel, and Jason Mac McCully-previously pleaded guilty and received four year sentences. The defendants were members of a racist skinhead group.

October 4, 2001, Missouri. Joseph Callen, who according to newspaper reports was a recruiter for the Ku Klux Klan, receives a sentence of four years in prison following a conviction of felony criminal trespass as a hate crime. Callen had been arrested for repeatedly harassing the African-American manager of a blood bank in St. Joseph. Callen told reporters that he was "guilty of being politically incorrect."

October 4, 2001, Illinois. Local and federal law enforcement officers seize a cache of weapons from a group of Pike County survivalists who call themselves the United Survivalists of America. Authorities say the group had amassed an arsenal of weapons, pipe bombs and other explosives, and more than 12,000 rounds of ammunition. The only person arrested is group leader Thomas Wanick of Jerseyville, charged with unlawful use of a weapon.

October 4, 2001, New York. Holbrook resident and alleged white supremacist Christopher Slavin receives a 25-year prison sentence after being convicted on two attempted murder charges for his role in an assault on two Mexican day laborers on Long Island in September 2000. A second defendant, Ryan Wagner, still awaits trial.

October 6, 2001, Nevada, Missouri. Nevada residents William Ronald Clark and Melissa Hack are arrested near Kansas City, Missouri, following a half-hour police chase. The two are wanted by Nevada police as suspects in a shooting incident a few days earlier that disabled a police car pursuing a stolen vehicle. Clark was just released from parole in September on charges that included assault with a deadly weapon. Hack, a skinhead, is the former girlfriend of John Butler, a racist skinhead convicted of the murder of two anti-racist skinheads in July 1998.

October 10, 2001, West Virginia. South Carolina resident Steven Moore is killed in a gun battle with a West Virginia state trooper in the New River Gorge National River park. Moore had been stopped by the trooper under suspicion of driving while intoxicated and placed into a police cruiser, but he fled the cruiser, drew a weapon, and opened fire at the trooper. Moore then tried to flee in his vehicle, but was shot and killed. According to the National Park Service, a follow-up investigation revealed that Moore was a member of Aryan Nations.

October 15, 2001, Kentucky. Militia member and Christian Identity adherent Steve Anderson of Somerset, Kentucky, is charged with criminal attempt to kill a police officer following a traffic stop. Anderson, who operated a pirate shortwave radio station through which he repeatedly threatened violence against police officers, was pulled over by a deputy sheriff in rural eastern Kentucky for a broken tail light. Anderson allegedly opened fire on the deputy and his vehicle with an AK-47, leaving at least 25 bullet holes in the cruiser. Anderson then fled the scene and eluded pursuit, becoming a fugitive. Police later find two pipe bombs in his truck and more weapons and explosives at his home.

October 15, 2001, Michigan, Arizona. Tax protest guru Barrie Konicov of Arizona is sentenced in Grand Rapids to seven years and three months in prison, and ordered to pay back taxes on $2.9 million in income, following convictions for tax fraud and conspiracy in federal court.

October 22, 2001, North Carolina. Wilmington residents Clyde and Debra LaRue receive prison sentences of 24 and 18 months, respectively, and are ordered to pay $1.7 million in restitution to various investors they defrauded from 1994-1996 in an investment scam. The two each pleaded guilty to one count of mail fraud and one count of tax evasion each; the LaRues were tax protesters who did not file tax returns for much of the early to mid 1990s; Clyde La Rue claimed that he was a citizen of North Carolina, not the United States. A third participant had previously pleaded guilty to filing a false tax return and was sentenced to three years' probation and six months' home confinement.

October 23, 2001, California. Richard Shane Hampton pleads no contest to battery on a peace officer in connection with the stabbing of a prison guard in July. Hampton, a member of a white supremacist gang who was in the California Youth Authority at the time, reportedly committed the assault with an accomplice because they wanted to go to prison. Hampton receives a nine year sentence for the attack.


November

November 1, 2001, Indiana. Indiana Ku Klux Klan leader Railton Loy receives a sentence of six months' probation and a small fine on a misdemeanor charge of telephone harassment. Loy had left a message with threatening remarks on the voice mail of a local newspaper reporter.

November 2, 2001, California. Melissa Doran receives a life sentence for driving a getaway car for her white supremacist boyfriend, James Alan Gamache, while he engaged in a running gun battle with police. She had earlier been convicted on four counts of attempted murder of a police officer. The two were under investigation for receiving stolen weapons when a police officer attempted to pull their car over. Doran drove away while Gamache fired at police. Gamache was a former member of the Nazi Low Riders, a racist prison and street gang.

November 2, 2001, Montana. Six members of a Montana skinhead group, the Montana Front Working Class Skinheads, are convicted for conspiring to violate the civil rights of minorities by attacking them in a city park in Billings in July 2000. Convicted are Sean Allen, Eric Dixon, Jeremiah Skidmore, Jason Potter, Ryan Flaherty, and Michael Flom (all but Skidmore were also charged with violating the civil rights of racial and religious minorities).

November 5, 2001, Arizona. Militia figure and tax protester William Cooper is shot and killed after shooting a sheriff's deputy trying to arrest him. Cooper, who had been living at his residence in Eagar, Arizona, as a fugitive "in plain sight," had been wanted on federal charges of tax evasion since 1998, but had threatened to kill agents who came to arrest him. When law enforcement officers finally tried to arrest him, however, it was not federal agents but local officers who showed up, because Cooper had recently been charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon and two counts of endangerment following incidents in which he had used a handgun to confront people who had stopped near his home. The officers tried to serve an arrest warrant on Cooper, but a shootout ensued. Cooper shot a deputy in the head, critically injuring him. Another officer then fired on Cooper and killed him.

November 7, 2001, California. A federal judge declares a mistrial in Sacramento in the case of two militia members accused of plotting to blow up propane tanks in order to create civil unrest against the government. Jurors had deadlocked 11-1 in favor of convicting Kevin Patterson and Charles Kiles, although they did convict Patterson on a charge of possessing a destructive device. A third defendant, Donald Rudolph, previously pleaded guilty last January and agreed to cooperate with prosecutors. A retrial is later set for April 22, 2002; conviction would carry an automatic sentence of life in prison.

November 9, 2001, New York. Syracuse resident William L. Steele pleads guilty to possessing six rifles, including an AK-47, even though he is a convicted felon. Steele, a member of the Syracuse Area Skinheads, pleads to avoid going to trail, where he says prosecutors would "make me out to be the second coming of Hitler." He faces up to 10 years in prison.

November 13, 2001, Minnesota. St. Paul resident Michael J. Pigg pleads guilty to bias-related harassment for harassing a 4 year-old biracial boy following a Ku Klux Klan rally that Pigg attended. Pigg had originally been charged with fourth-degree assault. He faces several months in jail and electronic monitoring. A co-defendant, Jarod Sparks, faces trial.

November 15, 2001, Pennsylvania. Allentown area Ku Klux Klan member Stephen Kirka, Jr., receives a fifteen month federal prison sentence for selling silencers to an ATF informant. Kirka and a co-defendant, John R. D. Barker, had been active members of the Allentown Ku Klux Klan. Baker earlier received a three year sentence for his role.

November 21, 2001, California. White supremacists Travis Miskam and Jesse Douglas are convicted by a jury in Riverside on hate crime and assault with a deadly weapon charges, but are acquitted on attempted-murder charges. The two men, admitted members of the Western Hammerskins, a white supremacist skinhead group, attacked a black man at a bonfire near Temecula on St. Patrick's Day, 1999.

November 26, 2001, Minnesota. St. Paul resident Michael J. Pigg receives a sentence of 90 days of electronic monitoring at home for his role in a harassment incident following a Ku Klux Klan rally (see above, August 27). He is also ordered to remove racist tattoos from his body and to get counseling.

November 27, 2001, California, Washington. Christopher Turgeon, head of an apocalyptic, survivalist religious group known as the Gatekeepers, is sentenced to more than 50 years in prison for murder. Turgeon is already serving an 89-year sentence for other crimes, including attempted murder of a police officer. At the sentencing, Turgeon claims that God was angry with the United States for legalizing abortion, allowing homosexuality, and proclaiming equal rights for women. In the past, Turgeon had preached to followers that they should kill gays, abortion doctors, and advocates of women's rights. The group began in Washington before moving to southern California in 1997.

November 29, 2001, California. Two southern California men accused of beating an Orange County resident they thought was Mexican plead no contest to attempted murder, mayhem, and other charges. Ben Pospisil of Lakeside and Jason Phillips of Chula Vista were the main attackers in a group of people who assaulted the victim near the Mexican border in December 2000, shouting "white power" as they did so. However, a judge ruled during the trial that there was insufficient evidence to prove the beating was racially motivated. Two other suspects, Jeremiah Pospisil and Kristopher Gill, still face trial for assault, mayhem, and robbery.

November 30, 2001, California. White supremacist brothers Benjamin Matthew Williams and James Tyler Williams receive lengthy prison sentences and hefty fines for setting fire to three synagogues and an abortion clinic in 1999 in Sacramento. Benjamin Williams is sentenced to 30 years in prison; James is sentenced to 21 years and 3 months. The two also must pay $1 million. They still face trial in April 2002 for the alleged slaying of a gay couple in 1999.

November 30, 2001, California, Missouri. Lancaster, California, resident Roland Duke Dean is arrested in Cassville, Missouri. Police called to the scene of a domestic violence incident allegedly found Dean hiding behind a false wall in a secret room full of marijuana plants. Dean, reportedly a member of a California white supremacist gang, is wanted in that state in connection with the alleged rape of a teenage girl in July 2001; he will be extradited back to California.


December

December 3, 2001, Indiana. American Knights of the Ku Klux Klan leader Jeff Berry receives a seven year prison sentence after pleading guilty in October to conspiracy to commit criminal confinement with a deadly weapon. Berry had been arrested for holding two local television reporters hostage until they relinquished a videotape of an interview with him (see above, October 1). The reporters won a $120,000 civil judgment against Berry in a separate case.

December 4, 2001, Nebraska. A judge drops charges against neo-Nazi Gary Lauck, who had been arrested for failing to reveal in a handgun permit application that he had been convicted in Germany in 1996 for inciting racial hatred. Because there was no gun prohibition in the German law under which Lauck was convicted, the judge in Lauck's case ruled that there was no case against him. Lauck had spent four years in prison in Germany.

December 4, 2001, Ohio. Tax protester and anti-government activist Katina Kefalos is convicted in Columbus of one count of tax evasion. Kefalos had been charged with evading nearly $13,000 in federal income taxes during the years 1990-1992. She acted as her own attorney during the trial, using tactics derived from a popular sovereign citizen strategy known as "redemption," in which she demanded to know from every prosecution witness whether they had a "claim" against her.

December 4, 2001, Louisiana, South Carolina. Carl Ervin Batts, a tax protester from Goose Creek, South Carolina, is convicted in federal court in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on five counts of mail fraud. The jury, however, fails to reach a decision on twelve other charges. Batts had been arrested for taking in thousands of dollars from African-Americans by claiming he could help them get millions of dollars in reparations for being descended from slaves. Batts told people that the federal government had a trust fund from which people could get money for purchasing luxury homes and vehicles, and that because the 16th Amendment had never been ratified, they could claim all the income tax they had previously paid. The jury convicts Batts of mailing false documents, but does not reach a verdict on charges of filing false tax claims.

December 5, 2001, Ohio, Illinois. Fugitive Clayton Lee Waagner, who escaped from an Illinois prison in February, is caught at a photocopy service store in suburban Cincinnati. During his time as a fugitive, the anti-abortion extremist allegedly robbed banks, stole cars, and sent hundreds of anthrax threat letters to abortion providers. Waagner told a newspaper that he had threatened to kill abortion doctors, but changed his mind after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Waagner faces up to life in prison on a number of different charges.

December 5, 2001, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia area residents Dale Smith and Keith Carney are arrested for allegedly placing white supremacist stickers on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Philadelphia. The two, members of the neo-Nazi National Alliance, are charged with institutional vandalism, desecration of objects, criminal mischief, ethnic intimidation, and other crimes.

December 7, 2001, Texas. A federal judge sentences six members of the sovereign citizen separatist group called the Republic of Texas to federal prison for firearms violation in connection with the group's 1997 armed standoff with law enforcement near Ft. Davis, Texas. Richard McLaren, the group's leader, receives a ten year sentence, with three years' supervised release, while four followers-Robert "White Eagle" Otto, Robert Scheidt, Gregg Paulson, and Richard Keyes III-receive five year sentences, with three years of supervised release. A sixth member, Karen Paulson, receives a sentence of 50 months in prison and two years of supervised release.

December 11, 2001, Connecticut. Charles Cornelius of New Haven is charged with four counts of illegal possession of an assault weapon after police find a cache of weapons and hate literature from the World Church of the Creator at his parents' home, where he lives. Police reveal that they found several AR-15 assault weapons, a shotgun, 25 hand grenades, 300 pounds of ammonium nitrate, and hundreds of rounds of ammunition. According to police, Cornelius also used the identity of a dead Pennsylvania resident to buy an illegal sniper rifle.

December 11, 2001, Michigan. A federal jury convicts twelve Michigan residents in Grand Rapids on a variety of charges relating to the sovereign citizen "redemption" tactic. "Redemption" is a complicated scheme in which anti-government activists create bogus check-like instruments called "sight drafts" to pay off debts or purchase goods. According to prosecutors, the Michigan group created bogus sight drafts with a face value of more than $550 million. In addition, the defendants used another "redemption" tactic: filing bogus IRS forms to retaliate against judges, law enforcement officials, or others with whom they are at odds. The Michigan redeemers filed at least 113 such forms. Convicted are Joan Anderson, Art Modderman, Phillip Hammond, Rodger Yates, Dewey Metcalf, Sr., Dewey Metcalf, Jr., Frank Sagorski, Brian Carney, Susan Sloboda, Jack Shriver, and Robert Goodwin, Jr.

December 12, 2001, California. Police arrest two members of the extremist Jewish Defense League in Los Angeles, including group leader Irv Rubin, for allegedly plotting bombings against an area synagogue and an Arab-American Congressman. The second JDL member arrested is Earl Krugel; both Rubin and Krugel live in Los Angeles. Irvin, who has claimed to have been arrested more than 40 times, is most known for high-profile confrontations with white supremacists.

December 12, 2001, New York. White supremacist Ryan Wagner is convicted on two counts of attempted murder and assault for trying to kill two Mexican laborers in a racially motivated attack on Long Island. Wagner faces up to 50 years in prison. Another defendant, Christopher Slavin, had previously been convicted on identical charges and sentenced to 25 years to life in prison (see above, October 4).

December 13, 2001, Florida. Greater Ministries International member Paul F. Bennett receives a one year prison sentence for a securities fraud scheme that cheated Polk County investors out of nearly $300,000 (see above, August 6). Bennett was a financial adviser for GMI, a church run by anti-government activists that operated a large multimillion pyramid investment scheme. Five GMI leaders are currently serving federal prison terms for their role in that scheme, which was unrelated to Bennett's separate securities fraud scam.

December 14, 2001, Washington. Donald Bruce McAninch, a white supremacist from Sammamish, Washington, is charged with threatened use of weapons of mass destruction, as well as mail theft and mail fraud charges, for what authorities describe as a hate campaign against minorities and mixed race couples. Among other actions, McAninch allegedly sent a letter with a whitish powder to the vice president of a Seattle-based real estate company. McAninch has previously been convicted, and spent time in prison, for sending death threats to then-President George Bush and for conducting a mail fraud scheme aimed at minorities and civil rights sympathizers.

December 14, 2001, Oregon, California. A Multnomah County grand jury returns indictments against five skinheads in connection with the beating of an 18-year old woman in November. The charges range from first degree assault to second degree kidnapping. According to reports, she was beaten because she refused to take part in an assault on an anti-racist skinhead. Indicted are Gary Carson Brown, Sheila McKenzie, and James Torkelson of Portland, and Pamela Bailey and Dimitri Tash of Los Angeles.

December 15, 2001, Maryland. A pipe bomb explodes while being handled by Robert Joseph Lockman of Dundalk; Lockman is taken to the hospital and later charged with first-degree arson and manufacturing a hazardous device. According to Lockman's neighbors, he is a racist skinhead with several swastika tattoos.

December 24, 2001, California. Riverside resident Robert Clyde is arrested on charges of making terrorist threats, battery, and a hate crime, following an incident in which Clyde allegedly screamed racial slurs at a black man and then attacked him. Clyde told police that he was a member of the white supremacist American Front skinheads.

December 26, 2001, Louisiana. Two Baton Rouge area Klansmen are arrested by local police and federal agents at a mobile home they were searching for a fugitive Klansman, Scott Ayers, whom police believe faked his death to avoid arrest for writing bad checks. Arrested are Forrest Broussard, on two counts of manufacture or possession of a bomb, one count of possession of marijuana, and one count of illegal possession of a firearm with a controlled dangerous substance; and John Wall, on one count of issuing worthless checks. The three were members of the Circle Six Knights of the Ku Klux Klan.


© 2001 Anti-Defamation League