To stop the defamation of the Jewish people... to secure justice and fair treatment to all
Anti-Defamation League ABOUT ADL FIND YOUR 
LOCAL ADL DONATE CONTACT US PRESS CENTER
 Extremism in America
Introduction
Individuals
Groups
Movements
Media
Latest Updates
Four Star Charity
Ku Klux Klan - Recent Developments
Changes in longstanding groups
The Ku Klux Klan experienced a resurgence in 2006. One sign of this resurgence was an increase in activity by some longstanding Klan groups, often accompanied by an expansion in size. Immigration and other issues have allowed these longstanding Klan groups to increase their activities in areas where the Klan has traditionally been strong, such as the eastern Midwest and the South, and to expand into some parts of the country where the Klan did not have a particularly strong presence in the early 2000s, including the Great Plains and Mid-Atlantic states.

One such Klan group, the Brotherhood of Klans (BOK), exhibited considerably more activity in 2005-2006 than they had in a long time. Originally based in Prospect Heights, Illinois, the BOK’s leader, Dale Fox, moved the group to Henderson, Tennessee, and began organizing a series of Klan-related events, including large “Unity Gatherings” complete with speakers, vendors, and multiple cross-burnings. Such a gathering occurred in August 2006. This represented a break from the past, in which the BOK organized few events and was not very active. The BOK also expanded considerably in size, establishing new chapters in many different parts of the country. The ability of the BOK to continue its expansion, though, was thrown into doubt by the sudden death of Fox due to a heart attack in late November 2006, although the BOK’s Ohio leader and “Imperial Klaliff,” Jeremy Parker, has vowed to continue expanding the racist and anti-Semitic group.

Another older Klan group, the Church of the National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, long based in Osceola, Indiana, has caused headaches for the local community. Its activity outside Indiana, however, was relatively limited. Like the BOK, though, the National Knights exhibited increased activity, as well as activity in parts of the country far from its base. The National Knights held a rally in May 2006 in Pauline, South Carolina, organized by Grand Dragon Joshua Fowler. They also held a rally in South Carolina in November 2005. The National Knights were active in other Southern states as well, including holding an anti-immigration rally in May 2006 in Russellville, Alabama, with 50 marchers. Ray Larsen, the head of the National Knights, came down from Indiana to speak at the event, at which people yelled slogans such as “Let’s get rid of the Mexicans!”


Other long-established Klan groups have also been active. The Mississippi White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan held a rally and cross-burning in Itawamba County in November 2006; they also had a recruiting event in Amory, Mississippi, in April 2006, among other activities that year. The Bayou Knights of the Ku Klux Klan held a rally in Smackover, Arkansas, in September 2006; that year they also held events in Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Texas. Thom Robb’s Knights of the Ku Klux Klan celebrated a “50th Anniversary and National Congress” in early September 2006 in Harrison, Arkansas.

Even in areas where Klan support is relatively strong, however, many individual Klan groups themselves typically do not last long before fragmenting or falling apart. Nonetheless, Klan groups such as the BOK, the Arkansas-based Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, the Indiana-based National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and the Texas-based White Camelia Knights have managed to maintain a strong presence for quite a while. What these groups have all shared is a leader who could sustain the loyalty of followers better than the heads of other Klan groups (although the death of BOK leader Dale Fox may change that group’s status).


Untitled Document
The Ku Klux Klan Rebounds
About the Ku Klux Klan
Recent Developments:
Changes in Longstanding Groups
New Klan Groups Emerging
Geographic Expansion
Ideology
Affiliations
New Tactics
Criminal Activity
and Violence
Active Groups by State
Slide Show
History
Download Print Version

LEARN On-line Home  |  ADL On-line Home   |  Search  |  About ADL  |  Contact ADL  |  Privacy Policy

© 2013 Anti-Defamation League. All rights reserved.
The Anti-Defamation League is a not-for-profit organization recognized
as tax-exempt under Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3).