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 2001 FBI Hate Crime Statistics Act (HCSA)
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2001 FBI Hate Crime Statistics Act (HCSA) On November 25, the FBI released its annual report, "Hate Crime Statistics 2001." The 136-page jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction report provides hate crime data collected under the 1990 Hate Crime Statistics Act. This report is available online at: http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/01hate.pdf

Highlights from the 2001 hate crime data:

  • While the overall number of crimes reported to the FBI in 2001 increased slightly (2.1%), reported hate crimes increased dramatically from 8,063 in 2000 to 9,730 in 2001 (a 20.7% increase).

  • The 9,730 hate crime incidents reported to the FBI involved 11,451 separate offenses, 12,020 victims, and 9,239 known offenders.

  • In 2001, 1,667 more hate crime incidents were reported than in 2000. Racial bias again represented the largest percentage of bias-motivated incidents (44.9%), followed by Ethnic/National Origin Bias (21.6%), Religious Bias (18.8%), Sexual Orientation Bias (14.3%), and Disability Bias (0.4%).

  • Of the 9,730 incidents, 6,330 were crimes against persons, 3,607 were crimes against property, and the remaining 76 were crimes against society.

  • Anti-Semitic crimes comprised the majority of religious bias incidents. 1,043 were reported, a slight decrease from 1,119 in 2000. Overall, crimes against Jews and Jewish institutions comprised 10.7% of all the bias-motivated crimes, and 57% of the religious-based crime incidents.
  • Anti-black bias was the most prevalent racial motivation, with 2,899 incidents (29.8% of all hate crimes); anti-male homosexual bias was the most common sexual orientation motivation, with 980 incidents (10.1% of all hate crimes).

  • We do not yet know how many of the 2001 reported hate crimes were "backlash incidents" directed at individuals in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks. We do know that the number of reported "anti-Islamic" crimes increased from 28 in 2000 to 481 in 2001, which represents an increase of over 1600%. In addition, the number of hate crimes directed at individuals on the basis of their national origin/ethnicity doubled -- from 911 in 2000 to 2,098 in 2001.

  • The number of national law enforcement agencies reporting to the FBI in 2001 increased slightly from 11,690 to 11,987. However, of the 11,987 that participated, only 2,106 agencies (17.6%) reported any hate crime, a slight increase from the 16.2% that reported incidents in 2000. Thus, for 2001, 9,881 agencies (82.4%) reported zero hate crimes.

  • Of the 9,239 identified hate crime offenders, the majority were white (6,054, or 65.5%); 20.4% were black, 8.2% were of unknown race, and the remainder were of other races or multiple races.

  • The five states with the highest numbers of hate crime were: California (2,246 incidents, 23.1% of total reported incidents), New Jersey (767, 7.9%), New York (712, 7.3%), Massachusetts (584, 6.0%), and Michigan (442, 4.5%). These five states comprise 48.8% of all incidents reported in the United States.

  • Hawaii was the only state that did not participate in reporting hate crime to the FBI; Alabama participated but affirmatively reported zero hate crime for 2001.

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