Polluting the Public Square: Anti-Semitic Discourse In Spain
Posted: September 21, 2009
According to ADL's European opinion polls, millions across Europe continue to hold anti-Semitic beliefs. Since 2002, Spain has been among the countries with the most negative views of Jews. In 2009:
- Three quarters of all respondents think Jews have too much power in international financial markets.
- Almost two thirds believe Jews are not loyal to Spain.
- More than half think Jews have too much power in business.
Following are the results for Spain from polls carried out by ADL in 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007 and 2009:
The disturbing prevalence of anti-Semitic attitudes in Spain have also been identified by other polls.
A spring 2008 survey by the Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project reported that 46% of respondents in Spain regard Jews unfavorably. The poll labels Spain as the "starkest" example of increasingly anti-Jewish views, rising from 21% in their 2005 poll. In 2008 only 2% of respondents had a very favorable opinion of Jews, compared to 18% in 2005.
Mainstreaming of anti-Semitic attitudes is a major concern. The Pew poll showed a disturbingly small difference between the scores for negative opinions about Jews among political centrists (42%) and those on the right (55%) and the left (53%).
A Ministry of Education study carried out in 2008 found that more than half of high school students would not want to sit next to a Jew in the classroom. The survey was conducted among more than 23,000 high school students and over 6,000 teachers in 300 schools, both public and private, from all regions except CataluĂ±a.
Increasing racism in general was also found in a poll by the Spanish government's Youth Institute, which showed a 27% increase in support among 15-29 year-olds for racist political parties between 2002 and 2008.