Arab Media Review: Anti-Semitism and Other Trends May - June 2005
Posted: July 12, 2005
Akhbar al-Khalij (Bahrain) - A pro-government daily and Bahrain's oldest newspaper; editor in chief - Anwar Muhammad 'Abd ar-Rahman.
Al-Ahram (Egypt) - an Egyptian daily controlled by the Egyptian government: the president appoints the editor. He (and the editor of the other government owned dailies, al-Gumhouriyya and al-Akhbar) is given substantial leeway in his editorial practices, assuming he avoids certain "taboos". Al-Ahram is the largest Arabic paper in the world and has established the Al-Ahram Regional Press Institute.
Al-Ahram al-'Arabi (Egypt) - a weekly published by the Dar al-Ahram publishing house. The editor-in-chief of the newspaper is Usama Saraya, but the chairman of the publishing house is Ibrahim Nafi', who is Al-Ahram's editor in chief. Although both newspapers are published by the same publishing house, al-Ahram and al-Ahram al-'Arabi are different. The editorials in al-Ahram are always supportive of government positions, while the editorials in Al-Ahram al-'Arabi are critical of the government and also other countries. The paper publishes very strong anti-Israeli views. In addition, Sheikh Qardhawi has a platform to publish his views there, which in turn, gives the paper a religious dimension.
Al-Wafd (Egypt) - Al-Wafd is the main opposition paper in Egypt. The paper criticizes the regime on a wide range of issues - from economy to internal and foreign policy. However, it is important to note that the criticism is on subjects that are allowed by the regime. The paper is one of the most acceptable channels of opposition activism, since the Egyptians see themselves as supporters of freedom of the press, and the paper is supposed to be concrete proof to this idea. Al-Wafd expresses extreme anti-Israel and anti-Semitic views, in articles and cartoons.
Ad-Dustur (Jordan) - a government-owned paper that expresses pro-Palestinian and anti-Israeli views. It is considered a high quality paper.
r-Rai (Jordan) – a government daily; expresses the approaches of the Jordanian regime.
Al-Watan (Kuwait) – A daily published by the Al-Watan publishing house; editor in chief: Muhammad 'Abed al-Qader al-Jasem.
Al-Watan (Oman) - the only privately owned daily - owned by a business group; established in 1971; Editor in-chief - Muhammad Ibn Suleiman at-Tani; enjoys high popularity; has a circulation of 40,000. Although the daily is privately owned, the government has a right (by law) to censor materials.
Al-Hayat al-Jadida (Palestinian Authority) – the PA daily.
Al-Watan (Qatar) - Al-Watan is one of the five Qatari dailies. Al-Watan's chairman is Hamad bin Sahim al Thani, a member of the royal family (All of the papers are owned by different branches of the royal family). The Foreign Minister, Hamed bin Jasem bin Jaber al Thani, owns half of the newspaper.
Ar-Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) - A Saudi daily, one of the four principal Saudi papers (the three others are: al-Madina, al-Jazira and al-Watan). The paper presents a relatively conservative attitude, while emphasizing (as most of the Saudi papers) its praise of the Royal family. Generally, the Saudi government lays severe limitations on the freedom of press and has a strict censorship, even on the foreign press that enters Saudi Arabia. Since the Saudi press is government-oriented, it concentrates on praising the Saudi Royal Family. Of course, opposition or independent newspapers do not exist in Saudi Arabia. However, the London based Saudi press has more independent features.
Tishrin (Syria) - a state sponsored and owned newspaper, in which the journalists are appointed and instructed by the government (The English-language Syria Times is published by Tishrin as well).
Al-Ittihad (United Arab Emirates) - a government daily, which is emphasizing the government's policy and its achievements in interior and foreign affairs. The paper is publishing all kinds of news related to the Arab and Muslim arena, having a wide network of correspondents in the Arab countries and the west. The paper often publishes exclusive and special reports concerning actual issues, mainly about Iraq and Lebanon. The paper is being published by Emirates Media (www.emi.ae); editor in-chief - 'Ali 'Abdallah Abu ar-Rish.