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International Affairs  
The United Nations General Assembly: Key Issues for 2010 RULE Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations

Posted: September 20, 2010


Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations
The Iranian Threat
Israel at the U.N.
Other UN Issues
Anti-Semitism

Israel is deeply committed to the current negotiation process with the Palestinian Authority. 

 

  • Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is committed to reaching a peace agreement with the Palestinian Authority (PA).  He has made numerous public gestures to promote direct negotiations, including his public recognition of a two-state solution, the unprecedented ten-month freeze on settlement construction, and many measures to improve quality of life in the West Bank through the removal of checkpoints, greater authority given to PA security officials, economic developments and democratic institution building and to lay the groundwork for a viable Palestinian state.
     
  • For decades, public opinion polls have demonstrated that the Israeli people yearn for peace with the Palestinians.  At the same time, those same polls show that after years of terrorism and anti-Israel and anti-Semitic incitement, Israelis are skeptical about the Palestinian Authority's ability and commitment to reaching an agreement with Israel.  The PA leadership must clearly, consistently and publicly state that any expressions of anti-Israel and anti-Semitic incitement from PA officials or in the PA media will not be tolerated.  The PA leadership must quickly move against efforts to incite against Israel and Jews, to promote the veneration of terrorists, to deny or downplay the Jewish connection to the land of Israel, and support for campaigns which delegitimize Israel.    
     
  • Arab states and the Palestinian Authority must make meaningful gestures of normalization to give Israelis the confidence that they have real partners for peace, and that difficult concessions will be worthwhile and reciprocated.  
     
  • The international community must continue its policy of isolating Hamas.  Hamas has not met the international community's basic conditions for acceptance:  recognizing Israel's right to exist; condemning the use of terrorism; recognizing past agreements between the Palestinian Authority and the State of Israel.  Hamas refuses to renounce the anti-Semitism endemic in its Charter.  While it has for the most part reduced the launching of rockets into Israel from Gaza (although rocket attacks have increased as of September 2010), it continues to smuggle in increasingly effective arms and materiel.  Over the past year, Hamas has attempted to position itself as moderate, and as the victim of Israel's blockade.  Israel has lifted the blockade and goods now flow into Gaza.  Meanwhile, in return, Hamas has resumed terrorist attacks against Israeli civilians – as evidenced by the terrorist shootings of Israelis August 31, which killed 4 people, and September 1.    Until Hamas meets the minimum standards of civilized and responsible governance - ends terrorism, ends rocket attacks against Israel, releases Gilad Shalit and recognizes Israel's right to exist, Hamas cannot be accepted by the community of nations. 
     
  • The international community must continue to actively work for the release of Sergeant Gilad Shalit, who has been held captive by Hamas since June 2006.  Corporal Shalit, was kidnapped on June 25, 2006 during a cross-border attack by Hamas, and is still being held by the group somewhere in the Gaza Strip.  Hamas has released little information as to his conditions and has repeatedly denied the International Red Cross access.



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Editor's Note: At the opening of the U.N. General Assembly (GA) in September 2010, ADL will meet with key leaders and foreign ministers to discuss issues such as Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, Iran's march to nuclear weapons capability, the treatment of Israel at the U.N., anti-Semitism, and other crucial issues of concern.  This report looks at some of the key issues the U.N. will be taking up in 2010-2011.

More information on the GA is available on the League's U.N. Perspectives & Analysis Page.

 
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