To stop the defamation of the Jewish people... to secure justice and fair treatment to all
Anti-Defamation League ABOUT ADL FIND YOUR LOCAL ADL DONATE CONTACT US PRESS CENTER

Sign Up For One Of Our Newsletters
Israel  
Fortieth Anniversary of the Six Day War RULE About the Six Day War

Posted: May 22, 2007


Introduction
About the Six Day War
United Nations Security Council Resolution 242
Jerusalem
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Settlements
Refugees
From the Archives: "The Miracle" by Benjamin Epstein

By May 1967, Israel believed an Arab attack was imminent; Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser had ordered a withdrawal of U.N. peacekeeping forces on the border and announced a blockade of Israeli goods through the Straits of Tiran. At the same time, Syria increased border confrontations along the Golan Heights and mobilized its troops. Israel withheld military action due to a request by the United States, but international diplomatic efforts to stop the blockade failed. The Arab states began to mobilize their troops, and Arab leaders called for a war of total destruction against Israel.

Arab mobilization compelled Israel to mobilize its own troops, 80 percent of which were reserve civilians. Israel launched a pre-emptive strike against Egypt on June 5.  Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, and when Jordan and Syria entered the conflict Israel also gained control of the West Bank and the eastern sector of Jerusalem from Jordan and the Golan Heights from Syria.  In a catastrophic military defeat – which shook the Arab world for many years to come – the Arab nations ceased their fight six days after the war began.



This new territory brought great changes to Israeli daily life and created new challenges for policymakers. With the reunification of Jerusalem, Jews, who were prevented by Jordan from entering the eastern part of the city, flocked to pray at the Western Wall for the first time in 19 years.  In the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Israel had to grapple with the implications and challenges of having one million Palestinian Arabs now under its control.




ADDITIONAL LINKS
Print This Page


RELATED ARTICLES
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs: The Six Day War

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs: The 40th Anniversary

The Six-Day War: 40 Years Later
By Abraham H. Foxman, ADL National Director

Jerusalem Journal: Looking Back to '67
(06/05/07)

Fact Sheet:
The USS Liberty Attack

Retrospective on the Six Day War (Haaretz.com)

 
Home | Search | About ADL | Contact ADL | Privacy Policy

2007 Anti-Defamation League