Two Iraqi nationals living legally in the United States as refugees have been arrested in Bowling Green, Kentucky, for allegedly conspiring to send missiles, other weapons and money to Al Qaeda in Iraq and other Iraqi insurgents.
Waad Ramadan Alwan, 30, and Mohanad Shareef Hammadi, 23, were arrested on May 31, 2011, on federal terrorism charges.
Alwan has been charged with, among other things, conspiracy to kill U.S. nationals abroad, attempting to provide material support to terrorists and to Al Qaeda in Iraq and conspiracy to transfer, possess and export Stinger missiles.
Hammadi is also charged with attempting to provide material support to terrorists and to Al Qaeda in Iraq, as well as conspiracy to transfer, possess and export Stinger missiles.
Alwan, who has been under investigation since September 2009, began meeting with an undercover informant in August, 2010.
He told the informant that he was involved in attacks against the U.S. military in Iraq between 2003 and 2006, when he was arrested by Iraqi authorities. According to the indictment the FBI has been able to match Alwan's fingerprints to those found on an unexploded IED from Iraq.
Alwan apparently recruited Hammadi, who he described to the informant as a relative with a well-known background as an Iraqi insurgent. Hammadi, who also met with the informant beginning in January 2011, discussed his prior experience as an insurgent.
Robert Mueller, the Director of the FBI, said in February that the FBI would take a second look at Iraqi nationals residing in the U.S. with ties to Al Qaeda in Iraq, which previously had not been considered a threat inside the U.S.
No charges have been filed relating to any attacks in the United States. Both men face the possibility of life imprisonment if convicted.