Last Updated March 7, 2000
"Retro" Calendar of Conspiracy: A Chronicle of Anti-Government Extremist Criminal Activity for January 1 to April 18, 1995
A Militia Watchdog Special Report
January 1997, the Militia Watchdog began posting the Calendar of
Conspiracy, a quarterly chronology of right-wing extremist criminal activity
in the United States. This is a
valuable resource for people wishing to understand the nature and extent of such
activity. However, the starting
date for the chronology is unfortunate, in that it picks up the narrative
in the middle of a resurgence of activity.
What happened before January 1997 is hard for the average person to
the purpose of this Retro Calendar. The
Retro series is a new series of chronologies designed to fill in the gaps,
so to speak, in this chronicle of criminal activity.
The first in the series covers the year 1994 and was chosen because the
militia movement essentially began in the first few months of that year; thus it
seemed a particularly apt time to start. This,
the second in the series, covers that portion of the year 1995 before the
Oklahoma City bombing and the vast wave of publicity about the extreme right
that swept the nation in its wake. Future
entries in the series will cover the years 1995 and 1996, as well as some of the
period before 1994.
should be aware of the liabilities of these Retro Calendars.
The current issues of the Calendar of Conspiracy are compiled from a wide
variety of sources, including newspaper databases, websites, press releases, and
similar sources. The Retro
Calendars, on the other hand, are compiled essentially from one large computer
database. As a result, the
Retro Calendars can simply not be as comprehensive as current Calendars
are. Similarly, the further one
goes back in time, the fewer newspapers one finds that input their stories into
computer databases. Together, these
factors may well falsely minimize to some degree the level of extremist
addition, as with the current Calendars, some incidents never get reported in
the news, such as tax protest convictions or the filing of bogus liens.
Other incidents may get reported, but an extremist connection is never
revealed. For instance, a hate
crime may be committed, but no news story reveals that a member of a white
supremacist group committed the crime. As
a result, it would not find its way into the Calendar.
So here too there is some degree of false minimization.
should also understand that in reporting these incidents, the final status of
each individual or case was not checked; thus the appearance of an arrest item
in the Calendar should not be construed to mean that the individual arrested
automatically was convicted later. It
is possible, if unlikely, that the person was acquitted, unless there is another
item specifically mentioning a conviction or a sentencing.
This sort of error is very rare, but it could conceivably happen.
events that are listed here took place in major cities as well as in remote
rural areas. Fourteen states
are represented by entries here, as well as three foreign nations, but in
actuality, some level of activity takes place in every state.
5, 1995, Colorado: Eleven white
supremacists from the Denver area are arrested, following an investigation of
various acts of vandalism in April 1994. A
small arsenal of assault weapons are seized; eventually 21 people will be
charged, on charges ranging from aggravated robbery and assault to felony
menacing to conspiracy. Virtually
all of the defendants are in their early twenties, and are current or past
associates of the Ku Klux Klan, the White Order, the Nationalist Movement, the
Colorado Skinheads, the Confederate Hammerskins, or similar groups.
27, 1995, Florida: Three central
Florida tax protesters receive prison terms for filing bogus liens against
federal judges in Orlando in 1994. Janice
and Bud Chess receive 18-month sentences, while Carlos Montalvo receives a two
year sentence. All three had pled
30, 1995, California: Black
musician Kerry Boles is stabbed in the stomach while sitting next to a white
woman at a pier in Ventura County. A
seventeen-year-old skinhead, Robert Reeves, is arrested for the crime several
3, 1995, California: In Southern
California, two white supremacists are charged with murder and commission of a
hate crime for the September 1994 shooting death of a black man in Huntington
Beach. Jonathan Kinsey, a skinhead,
and his friend Robert Woffard, face twenty-five years to life if convicted;
Kinsey is also charged with attempted murder, assault with a deadly weapon and
commission of a hate crime for an August 1994 shooting of two Hispanic men in
6, 1995, Florida: Tax protester
Charles Kimmig of central Florida is convicted of interfering with federal
agents by using a threat of force in connection with a November 1994
confrontation with IRS agents. However,
he is acquitted of a felony charge of rescuing a truck seized by the IRS.
16, 1995, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania
Ku Klux Klan leader Roy Frankhauser is convicted on three counts of obstructing
an FBI investigation into the New Dawn Hammerskins skinhead group in 1994.
Frankhauser convinced a relative of arrested Hammerskins to destroy
26, 1995, Texas, Florida: Thomas
Michael Donahue, a former Texas talk show host, Libertarian Congressional
candidate and tax protester convicted in a money laundering scheme in 1994,
escapes from his federal prison camp in Florida twenty days after his arrival.
27, 1995, Virginia: Gun dealer Paul
David Petersen, a member of the Blue Ridge Hunt Club, a fledgling militia group,
pleads guilty to conspiring to circumvent firearms laws.
Five members were arrested in September 1994 following a lengthy
27, 1995, Pennsylvania, Michigan: Two
skinhead teenagers, Bryan and David Freeman of Salisbury Township, Pennsylvania,
murder their mother, father, and eleven-year-old younger brother, then flee.
The parents were opposed to their sons skinhead life style, which
included tattooing the words Berserker and Sieg Heil on their
foreheads. They are caught in
Michigan on March 1 and arrested. A
cousin, Nelson Birdwell III, also a skinhead, is arrested with them on minor
28, 1995, Minnesota: Douglas Baker
and Leroy Wheeler, members of the anti-government Minnesota Patriots Council,
are convicted of possessing a deadly poison as a biological weapon.
The two manufactured quantities of ricin, an extremely deadly biological
poison. Other members of their
group are alleged to have plotted to use the ricin against perceived enemies.
28, 1995, Florida: A St. Petersburg
skinhead, Steven Sultana, pleads guilty to aggravated battery in connection with
a January 1995 beating of a black man by a group of skinheads.
6, 1995, California: Police arrest
the last of three skinheads wanted for firing shots at a car with black
passengers on February 21, 1995 in Lancaster, California.
Two passengers had were grazed by bullets. Arrested are Robert Garland, Robert Andrew Jones and,
finally, Chris Parker. They are
charged with four counts of attempted murder, commission of a hate crime and
8, 1995, Texas: Federal charges are
filed against three men from Lubbock, Texas who murdered a black man and wounded
two other men during a shooting spree in October 1994.
One of the suspects, Roy Ray Martin, is a skinhead member of South Bay
Nazi Youth. The other suspects are
friends of his, Eli Trevino Mungia and Ricky Rivera Mungia.
The three allegedly plotted to start a race war that would eliminate
blacks. They are charged with
violating federal civil rights and gun laws and face a possible death penalty.
They also face state charges of murder and attempted murder.
9, 1995, Wisconsin: Three members
of Family Farm Preservation, an offshoot of the Posse Comitatus, are indicted on
charges relating to the distribution of more than $65 million worth of bogus
money orders. Arrested are Leonard
Peth, Thomas Stockheimer and Mark Van Dyke.
9, 1995, Pennsylvania: Three white
supremacist skinheads are sentenced to prison for attacking a black man in 1994.
Micah Ross and Jason Hayden, who pled guilty to aggravated assault,
simple assault, reckless endangerment, conspiracy, and ethnic intimidation,
receive sentences of two to four years each, while Mark Miller, who pled guilty
to ethnic intimidation and conspiracy to commit aggravated assault, receives a
sentence of from 11 ½ to 23 months. The
three attacked a black man on a bicycle while driving through a mostly black
14, 1995, Texas: Skinhead Anthony
Micheli is arrested in San Antonio, Texas, for beating a black man with a
baseball bat. John Glover was
walking home on February 19, 1995, when he was attacked by six people who
identified themselves as white supremacists.
Michelis arrest is the first stemming from the incident; he could face
life in prison.
15, 1995, New Jersey: Four members
of the S.S. Action Group are arrested in Trenton, New Jersey, for beating a
14-year-old girl who was trying to leave the skinhead group.
Three men and one woman lured her into a wooded area, then beat her 20
times with part of a pool cue. Arrested
are Douglas Moditz, charged with aggravated assault, armed robbery, and
attempted murder, and John Helms (arrested in Ohio), with similar charges.
Two juveniles are also arrested, to be charged with similar crimes.
17, 1995, California: Robert Reeves
pleads guilty to stabbing a black musician in Ventura County earlier in the year
(see above). He pleads guilty
to assault with a deadly weapon, and that the crime was racially motivated.
Though a juvenile, the skinhead was prosecuted as an adult.
He will be sentenced, however, to eight years in a juvenile detention
23, 1995, Nebraska, Denmark, Germany: Nebraska
neo-Nazi Gary Lauck is arrested in Denmark by Danish authorities on a warrant
from Germany. That country had
sought Lauck for years for distributing illegal Nazi materials to Germany,
incitement, encouraging racial hatred, and belonging to a criminal group.
24, 1995, Florida: William Marrerro
of Ovieda, Florida, is sentenced to 14 years in federal prison for his role in a
multimillion dollar investment scam. Marrerro,
a member of the tax protest group American Citizens Alliance, was convicted in
December 1994 on charges of conspiracy, fraud, money-laundering and obstruction
of justice while helping run Premier Benefit Capital Trust.
Four other defendants in the case have already been sentenced.
30, 1995, Nevada: A bomb explodes
outside the Carson City office of the U.S. Forest Service, while a second bomb
explodes at a Humboldt National Forest campground on the other side of the
state. Three days later, the
headquarters office for the Toiyabe National Forest is closed after officials
receive a bomb threat.
30, 1995, Wisconsin: Family Farm
Preservation and Posse Comitatus leader Thomas Stockheimer of Shawano County is
sentenced to 16 years in prison for assaulting two police officers in October
11, 1995, Pennsylvania: Patriot
Fred Urban is arrested at a rest stop along I-80 with a station wagon full of
dangerous explosives. A quilt
shop owner, Urban became increasingly agitated after the Branch Davidian
standoff and apparently wanted to create a stash of explosives for when the
shit hit the fan. However, Urban
decided to sell some explosives to a person who turned out to be an undercover
12, 1995, California: In Long
Beach, a Molotov cocktail is thrown into the home of an African-American family.
Arrested for the crime twelve hours later is skinhead Raymond Scheffner.
13, 1995, Florida: A bomb explodes
in Jacksonville, Florida, in front of a tax collectors office but next to an
abortion clinic; authorities are not sure which building was the target of the
13, 1995, Michigan, Canada: An
Ottawa court finds George Burdi, head of white power record company Resistance
Records, guilty of aggravated assault for a 1993 fight between skinheads and
anti-racist demonstrators in Canada.
14, 1995, New Hampshire: Tax
protesters Stuart Tulchinsky and Cathie Schneider, owners of two drug
paraphernalia shops, are convicted of tax evasion in Concord, New Hampshire.
The two claimed that taxes were voluntary after attending a seminar by
tax protester Irwin Schiff. They
failed to pay more than $130,000 in income taxes.
17, 1995, California: Nearly 30
people are arraigned on a variety of charges ranging from auto theft to
narcotics sales after a series of SWAT team raids that capped a month long
investigation of an Anaheim white supremacist group.