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Trochmann Documents

Last Modified, May 18, 1996.

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Introduction: The following is a complete collection of the documents filed by John Trochmann with the Sanders County Clerk and Recorder, Thompson Falls, Montana, in 1992. John Trochmann today is a leader of the Militia of Montana and one of the most prominent members of the militia movement. No effort has been made to select, abridge, edit or improve these documents in any way. Brief explanatory comments have been added in brackets [ ] where necessary.

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[Document #202069, Filed 1/27/92, 4 pages]

Member of the Sovereign Body -- Sanders County, Republic of Montana
State, united [sic] States of America

John Ernest Trochmann
Twentieth Judicial District
C/O P.O. Box 98
Noxon, Montana
united [sic] States of America

--------------------------------------------------------------------
                         PUBLIC NOTICE
        POSITIVE IDENTIFICATION OF JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN
--------------------------------------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF MONTANA STATE ]
                                 Affirmed:
Sanders County            ]

    I, John Ernest Trochmann, upon due affirmation, hereby depose
and state the following facts with the intent of positively setting
forth my complete identity including, but not limited to, the 
signature and seal by which I am positively identified and by which
I solemnize other documents:

1.   This Affidavit is made as a matter of my own right to do so (Sue
Juris) and is made in and by my own proper person (in propria persona);
and,

2.   I am of full age and otherwise fully competent to make this
affidavit and am not under the guardianship or disability of another;
and,

3.  I do not retain, nor have I ever had any valid or binding
identification, bearing my signature, issued by any state, the United
States, their agencies or affiliates; and,

4.   Set out immediately below is a true and correct reproduction of
my personal identification, produced to be verified by myself according
to the instant Public Notice and which contains true, correct and
current personal information that identifies myself, John Ernest
Trochmann, and which contains, in addition, the identifying document
number of the instant Public Notice in the blank provided, as soon 
as practicable after the same is set out herein and provided to 
myself by the Sanders County Recorder's Office:

PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION
DOB: 08/20/43; SEX: MALE
RACE: WHITE; HT: 5'11"
WT: 160; EYES: BR; HAIR: BR. (PHOTO) [no photo attached]
JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN
TWENTIETH JUDICIAL DISTRICT
C/O P.O. Box 98
NOXON MONTANA
united [sic] States of America
BIRTHPLACE: PENNINGTON COUNTY,
            MINNESOTA

                          (FRONT)
PAGE 1 of 3 -- PUBLIC NOTICE -- POSITIVE IDENTIFICATION OF JOHN ERNEST
TROCHMANN

16.   I have not now, nor have I ever, knowingly been a resident of the
regional State of Montana; and,

17.   I have not, nor have I ever, knowingly entered into ant [sic]
personal or public agreement, contract, stipulation, account or
similar contrivance (either implied or direct) with the regional 
State of Montana or any other regional agency operating within 
the geographical area in the regional State of Montana with the
sanction of the Montana legislature; and,

18.   I have never knowingly applied for or acquired or accepted an
artificial alter ego(character) of any State, or the United States,
its territories or insular possessions, or any agency created or 
regulated by the statutes thereof; and,

19.   I have never knowingly applied for nor received any privilege
from any agency of the State of Montana or the United States; and,

20.   I am not, nor have I ever been a member of the armed forces of
the State of Montana or the United States; and,

21.   I am not a Federal citizen by virtue of the Fourteenth Amendment;
and, 

22.   I have no Social Security account or taxpayer/employer account
numbers, driver's license, or any other nexus with any City, County,
State or Federal governments or their affiliates, never having applied
for or received same with my full knowledge or consent; and,

23.   I have deduced from the foregoing that I an [sic] not actually
or constructively a resident, citizen, subject or inhabitant of the
United States or its affiliates, and that I am not an internal "person"
or "employer", either of the (corporate) State of Montana or the Federal
government, as defined in the various State or Federal revised statutes
and,

24.   I specifically declare that my location of abode is:

                                    John Ernest Trochmann
                                    Twentieth Judicial District
                                    C/O P.O. Box 98
                                    Noxon, Republic of Montana State
                                    united [sic] States of America

25.   It is, and has been, my perpetual intention to retain and assert
my ALMIGHTY GOD-given birth right (unalienable rights) at all times, and
never to voluntarily waive any of these precious rights to life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness (property) under any circumstances whatsoever;
and, 

26.   It has been, and still is, my intention to exercise my unalienable
rights endowed to me by my Creator by whatever means are lawfully within
the American Common Law, as a member of the posterity of the body politic
as established by the Statute of 1776 (Declaration of Independence) and
re-established in the Preamble to the Constitution for the united [sic]
States of America; and, 

           Page 2 of 3 -- AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS OPPOSING VENUE

27.   This affidavit is made in good faith and is intended to establish
my location of abode under the venue established in the Organic Law of
this union and in this Republic, to maintain and to assist in the retaining
the sovereignty of "We the People" in the Republic of Montana State against
the encroachment of the legislative municipal powers of the United States
congress exercised by their regional agents; and,

28.   The foregoing is true and correct to the best of my knowledge and is
made in good faith; and,

      FURTHER AFFIANT SAITH NOT

      SUBSCRIBED AND AFFIRMED this 26th day of January, in the year of
our Lord and Saviour, Jesus the Christ, Nineteen Hundred and Ninety-two.

                                    John Ernest Trochmann [signature] 

                                    SEAL [thumbprint]

                                    John Ernest Trochmann
                                    Twentieth Judicial District
                                    C/O P.O. Box 98
                                    Noxon, Republic of Montana State
                                    united [sic] States of America

    We, the undersigned, witness this day that the one know [sic] to
us to be the above signator did personally appear before us and upon
due affirmation execute and affix the above signature and seal hereto.

Republic of Montana State Citizen; Randy L. Trochmann [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen; Michael R. Richter [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen; Clint Johnson [signature]

           Page 3 of 3 -- AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS OPPOSING VENUE

3534

202069

                I received and filed 
this instrument for record on the 27
day of Jan 1992
at 8:15 o'clock am
Dixie Vaught
       Recorder
Evelyn Cox
       Deputy
Fee 5.00


       *       *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[Document #202070, Filed 1/27/92, 4 pages]

                  AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS OPPOSING VENUE

REPUBLIC OF MONTANA STATE ]
                                 Affirmed:
SANDERS COUNTY            ]

1.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, a free white Christian man, was born on
or about August 20, 1943, in Pennington County, in the Republic of
Minnesota State, a State of these united [sic] States of America; and,

2.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, was begotten by Ernest J. Trochmann, a
free white man, born on or about December 21, 1907, in Pennington County,
in the Republic of Minnesota State, a State of these united [sic] States
of America; and,

3.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, was conceived and given birth by Emma A.
Otmar, a free white woman, born on or about July 11, 1910; and,

4.   Ernest J. Trochmann and Emma A. Otmar were joined in the State
of Holy wedlock at the time that I, John Ernest Trochmann, was natural
born to them; and,

5.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, am a free white Christian man, Republic
of Montana State Citizen; and,

6.   I have been in the Republic of Montana State for approximately 4
years and during that time have made Sanders County my permanent place
of abode, and therefore am a citizen therein; and,

7.   I am not a corporation; and,

8.   I am not a partnership; and,

9.   I am not an individual; and,

10.   I am not an association; and,

11.   I am not a firm; and,

12.   I am not any other legal entity; and,

13.   I am not an inhabitant of the state of the forum; and,

14.   I am not now, nor have I ever, knowingly been a citizen of the
United States or a resident of its subordinate territories, or property
appertaining thereto, in either a legal or factual sense; and, 

15.   I am not, nor have I ever, knowingly entered into any personal
internal or private agreement, contract, stipulation, account or
similar contrivance with the United States, its territories, its
agencies or other property appertaining thereto: and,

           Page 1 of 3 -- AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS OPPOSING VENUE
 
THIS IS TO CERTIFY , THAT THE FACTS
STATED ON THE REVERSE SIDE ARE A TRUE
AND ACCURATE PART OF THE ORIGINAL VERI-
FIED DOCUMENT #            FILED WITH
THE SANDERS COUNTY RECORDER'S OFFICE IN
THE REPUBLIC OF MONTANA STATE
John Ernest Trochmann [signature]
SEAL [thumbprint]
DATE -- JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN
Randy L. Trochmann [signature]
WITNESS
Michael R. Richter [signature]
WITNESS
IF LOST, RETURN POSTAGE IS GUARANTEED
BY JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN
         ([illegible]);

5.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, a free white Christian man, was born on
or about August 20, 1943, in Pennington County, in the Republic of
Minnesota State, a State of these united [sic] States of America; and,

6.  I, John Ernest Trochmann, was begotten by Ernest J. Trochmann, a
free white man, born on or about December 21, 1907, in Pennington County,
in the Republic of Minnesota State, a State of these united [sic] States
of America; and,

7.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, was conceived and given birth by Emma A.
Otmar, a free white woman, born on or about July 11, 1910; and,

8.   Ernest J. Trochmann and Emma A. Otmar were joined in the State
of Holy wedlock at the time that I, John Ernest Trochmann, was natural
born to them; and,

9.   Ernest J. Trochmann and Emma A. Otmar were joined in the State
of Holy wedlock at the time that I, John Ernest Trochmann, was natural
born to them; and,

10.   Set out in the verification to this Public Notice below is the
thumb print of my right hand which I have adopted as a personal seal
and all documents which contain a verification by signature now and in
the future including but not limited to the instant Public Notice, will
be solemnized only through the application of said seal and my personal
signature; and,

11.   The document set out in paragraph four above will be attested
as provided herein immediately upon return of the instant Public 
Notice from the Sanders County Recorder's Office after being duly
filed therein; and,

12.  The document set out in paragraph four above incorporates the
instant Public Notice as if full set out therein, upon attestation
thereof, shall be the only document used by my [sic] for personal
identification purposes, and no other verified document will be valid 
for said purpose subject only to the exceptions stated herein as
follows: and,

13.   Transient information (i.e. permanent place of abode) set out
in the document in paragraph four above is subject to change only
by my written verification which shall set out the updated information,
shall make proper

PAGE 2 of 3  PUBLIC NOTICE POSITIVE IDENTIFICATION OF JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN

reference to the instant Public Notice, which shall specifically
identify what information contained herein has become obsolete and
which shall be filed in the Sanders County Recorder's Office and/or
any other relevant Recorder's Office, within thirty days of the actual
change of facts; and,

16.   The above is true and correct to the best of my knowledge, is
executed in good faith, and shall not expire without written repudiation
by my own hand and seal; and,

FURTHER AFFIANT SAITH NOT.

SUBSCRIBED, SEALED AND AFFIRMED this 26th day of January, in the Year
of our Lord and Saviour Jesus the Christ, Nineteen Hundred and Ninety-two,
in Sanders County.

                                    John Ernest Trochmann [signature] 

                                    SEAL [thumbprint]

                                    John Ernest Trochmann
                                    Twentieth Judicial District
                                    C/O P.O. Box 98
                                    Noxon, Republic of Montana State
                                    united [sic] States of America

    We, the undersigned, witness this day that the one known to
us to be the above signator did personally appear before us in Sanders
County, and upon affirmation did execute and affix the above signature 
and seal hereto.

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Randy L. Trochmann [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Michael R. Richter [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, David E. Trochmann [signature]

PAGE 3 of 3 PUBLIC NOTICE -- POSITIVE IDENTIFICATION OF JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN

#3535

202070

                I received and filed 
this instrument for record on the 27
day of Jan 1992
at 8:17 o'clock am
Dixie Vaught
       Recorder
Evelyn Cox
       Deputy
Fee 5.00


       *       *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[Document #202071, Filed 1/27/92, 5 pages]

Member of the Sovereign Body -- Sanders County, Republic of Montana
State, united [sic] States of America

John Ernest Trochmann
Twentieth Judicial District
C/O P.O. Box 98
Noxon, Republic of Montana State
united [sic] States of America

--------------------------------------------------------------------
            DECLARATION OF JOHN ERNEST TROCHMANN
--------------------------------------------------------------------

REPUBLIC OF MONTANA STATE ]
                                 Affirmed:
SANDERS County            ]

    Declarant hereby DECLARES that, pursuant to Article 3, section 6
"Courts of justice shall be open to every person, and a speedy
remedy afforded for every injury of person, property, or character;
and that right and justice shall be administered without sale, denial
or delay." of the original Constitution for the Republic of Montana
State, that Declarant is of the status and thereby has the ability
to claim the protections against governmental abuse of Declarant's
unalienable rights which are endowed to Declarant by his Creator
which are protected by the Constitution for the Republic of Montana
State and the Constitution for the united [sic] States of America; and,

    Declarant is a member of the body sovereign, a Republic of Montana
State Citizen, free and white (by heritage) Natural (by birth) Expressed
(by published affidavit, see exhibits) individual (by God and no other)
co-heir to the Supreme Law of the Land as designated by the Preamble
and provisions of the original Montana Constitution (1889), at, but
not limited to:

    "We the people of Montana, grateful to Almighty God for the 
    blessings of liberty, in order to secure the advantages of a state
    government, do, in accordance with the provisions of the enabling
    act of congress, approved the twenty-second of February, A.D.
    1889, ordain and established [sic] this constitution.

    "We the people of Montana grateful to God for the quiet beauty of
    our state, the grandeur of our mountains, the vastness of our
    rolling plains, and desiring to improve the quality of life, equality
    of opportunity and to secure the blessings of liberty for this and
    future generations do ordain and establish this constitution."

    "The words 'We the People of the United States' and 'Citizens' are
    synonymous terms, and mean the same thing.  They both describe 
    the political body who, according to our republican institutions,
    form the sovereignty, and who hold the power and conduct the
    Government through their representatives.  They are what we 
    familiarly call the 'sovereign people', and every citizen is one of
    this people, and a constituent member of this sovereignty."  Dred
    Scott V. Sandford 19 How. 405; and,
                        Page 1 of 4 DECLARATION

    The Immigration and Naturalization Act of the United States Congress 
of 1790 chapter 3, as amended and/or superseded by immigration and 
naturalization acts of the United States Congress to 1828 , and similar
acts by subsequent amendments in affect [sic] at the adoption of the
Montana Constitution made it very clear that a free white person is a
citizen of Montana; and,

    "The first of these acts is the naturalization law, which was
    passed at the second session of the first Congress, March 26,
    1790, and confines the right of becoming citizens 'to aliens
    being free white persons.'"  Dred   Scott V. Sandford 19 How. 419

    "But the language of the law above quoted, shows that citizenship
    at that time was perfectly understood to be confined to the white
    race; and that they alone constituted the sovereignty in the
    government."  Dred   Scott V. Sandford 19 How. 420

    "This Constitution and the Laws of the United States which shall
    be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which
    shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be 
    the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be 
    bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to 
    the Contrary notwithstanding."  Article VI par. 2 Constitution for 
    the united [sic] States of America; and,

    The term "We the people of Montana" in the Preamble's [sic] of
both the old and new Constitutions for the State of Montana are not
contrary to the organic Constitution of the United States of America
and are within the meaning of the definition as cited in Dred   Scott
V. Sandford, supra.  This is the status of Declarant, and Declarant
is always retaining and asserting all of his unalienable rights endowed
to Declarant by his Creator at all times and never waiving any of 
those rights which are protected from abuses of government by the
organic Constitution for the united [sic] States of America and the 
organic Constitution for the Republic of Montana State, pursuant to and 
as the positive law; and,

    Declarant's Montana State Citizenship does not emanate from, nor
is it protected by, article II section 4, for the Montana Constitution
nor its counter-part [sic] the 14th Amendment of the Federal Constitution;
and,

    "There can be no doubt . . . that the civil rights sometimes
    described as fundamental and inalienable, which before the
    war amendments were enjoyed by state citizenship and protected
    by state government, were left untouched this clause of the
    Fourteenth Amendment." Twining v. New Jersey, 211 US 78, 96

but is a citizenship by virtue of the original (organic) Constitution
of Montana and protected by the Montana Constitution's Preamble and
its provisions of suffrage, and as mandated by the framers, which were
delegated by the people in the Republic of Montana State to create the
positive law in the original Montana Constitution; and,

                    Page 2 of 4 -- DECLARATION

    Declarant is free, which is proven by the attached exhibits in
support hereof, not being bound to serve the state government as 
"subject" through any contractual or quasi contractual relationship
whatsoever, but a Citizen unembarrassed; and,

    Declarant's status and intent are established, in fact and in law,
by proper notification to all material parties with said exhibits 
which evidence Declarant's birthplace and race; and,

    Declarant has no contracts with the Corporate State (region) of
Montana, nor does Declarant owe any debts to the Corporate State
(region) of Montana which could constitute any waiver of the Declarant's
unalienable rights endowed to Declarant by his Creator and protected
by the Organic Constitution for the united [sic] States of America,
its Bill of Limitations, and the Organic Montana State Constitution;
and,

    Therefore, it is established by the foregoing, and the exhibits in
support hereof, that Declarant has the ability and the proper status
and is in no way disabled to assert and claim the protections of the
positive organic laws of the Montana State Constitution; and,

    For the Support of this DECLARATION, with a firm Reliance on the
protection of Divine Providence, I pledge my Life, my Fortune, and
my sacred Honor, as did my forefathers (ie. signers of the Declaration
of Independence).

    The above is true and correct to the best of Declarant's knowledge,
and is made out in good faith; and,

    FURTHER DECLARANT SAITH NOT.

    SUBSCRIBED AND AFFIRMED this 26 day of January, in Sanders County,
in the Republic of Montana State, in the Year of our Lord and Saviour
Jesus the Christ, Nineteen Hundred and Ninety-two.  

                                    SEAL [thumbprint]

                                    John Ernest Trochmann [signature] 
                                    Sui Juris
                                    Republic of Montana State Citizen
                                    Van Valkenburg v. Brown 43 Cal. 43
                                    Twentieth Judicial District
                                    C/O P.O. Box 98
                                    Noxon, Republic of Montana State
                                    united [sic] States of America

                    Page 3 of 4 -- DECLARATION

    We, the undersigned, witness this day that the one known to
us to be the above signator did personally appear before us in Sanders
County, in the Republic of Montana State and upon due affirmation affix the 
above signature and seal hereto.

Republic of Montana State Citizen, David E. Trochmann [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Randy L. Trochmann [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Michael R. Richter [signature]

                    Page 4 of 4 -- DECLARATION


3536

202071

                I received and filed 
this instrument for record on the 27
day of Jan 1992
at 8:20 o'clock am
Dixie Vaught
       Recorder
Evelyn Cox
       Deputy
Fee 5.00


       *       *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[Document # 202205, Filed 2/7/92, 4 pages]

John Ernest Trochmann                         Certified Mail #___________
Twentieth Judicial District
C/O P.O. Box 98
Noxon, Montana
united [sic] States of America

                        AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS
                        ------------------


REPUBLIC OF MONTANA STATE ]
                                 Affirmed:
Sander [sic] County       ]

1.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, am of lawful age to make this Affidavit; and,

2.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, am a Republic of Montana State Citizen an
American Citizen and not a citizen of the (corporate) State of Montana
or a United States citizen through the Fourteenth Amendment; and,

3.   On or about December 23, 1988, the undersigned, was traveling in
Sanders County on his way to Noxon, Montana, to where he now has his
home.  After passing through Thompson Falls, the undersigned encountered
a Sanders County Sheriff's Department patrol car which passed the
undersigned on a curve in a no passing zone during a heavy snow storm
as well as other Sanders County Sheriff's Department vehicles including
Sheriff William Alexander in what appeared to be a covert action of
surveillance which I, the undersigned, construed to be an act of
intimidation; and,

4.   In late summer -- early fall of 1989, at numerous times National
Guard Helicopters flew and hovered above the undersigned's property
low enough to damage plants in his garden, shake the house and out
buildings.  In one said instance a witness (local Citizen) saw what
perceived to be a large caliber gun sticking out of the side of the
helicopter.  The undersigned, family members as well as other witnesses
were terrified as the helicopter hovered above the undersigned's
garden for what seemed to be an eternity, but in reality may have been
just minutes; and,

5.   In late summer if 1990 and on through the fall of 1990, at numerous
times the undersigned and his family were continually harassed and
continually were subjected to terroristic actions by unknown individuals
who were using hi-tech equipment such as: Laser sights, night vision,
etc., to accomplish their unknown motives, other than the fear instilled
in the undersigned for the safety of his own life and his family's lives;
and,

6.   In late summer -- early fall of 1991, again at numerous times as in
1989, National Guard Helicopters, who's [sic] purpose was to search
out those areas that are suspected of growing marijuana, flew and hovered
above the undersigned's property again terrorizing the undersigned and
his family even though Sanders County Sheriff William Alexander admitted
in front of witnesses on more than one occasion that he knew that the
undersigned and the undersigned's family were adamantly against ILLEGAL
DRUGS.  The undersigned called Sanders County Sheriff William Alexander
and notified him 

                                -1-

that there was a National Guard Helicopter hovering over the undersigned's
brother's house, who was gone at the time and who has similar political and 
Biblical convictions as the undersigned, demanding that the Sheriff explain 
why there was a National Guard Helicopter terrorizing the undersigned's 
brother's family; and,

7.   On or about January 24, 1992, the undersigned was falsely arrested
by Sanders County Sheriff William Alexander, who beleaguered the
undersigned's property and Citizens in the Noxon area in there [sic]
effort to execute illegal process i.e. arrest Warrant upon the 
undersigned; and,

8.   On or about January 24, 1992, the undersigned was falsely
imprisoned in the Sanders County Jail for Safekeeping.  On or about
the fourth day of incarceration the undersigned started to lose strength
in his left side of his body and at the same time a total numbness of
his left arm, a partial numbness of his left leg and the left side of
his face; and,

9.   On or about January 31, 1992, just prior to the undersigned's
release from the Sanders County Jail the undersigned informed the
Sanders County Jailer that he was not feeling well.  While the 
undersigned walked from the Jail to his car he noticed the strength
in his left leg had progressively weakened and at the same time,
the undersigned remembered that a friend of his, Michael R. Richter,
who had been released from the Sanders County Jail approximately one
month earlier, and who has similar political and Biblical convictions
as the undersigned, had and still has the same medical problems as
the undersigned was and still is experiencing; and,

10.   On or about February 1, 1992, the undersigned saw a Registered
Nurse for a professional opinion as to why he was and still is having
an increase of the severity of his Medical problems that had started
while he was in the Sanders County Jail.   The Registered Nurse had
no clear answers and only a few educated guesses as to what the problems
might be and instructed that the undersigned to see a Doctor as soon
as possible; and,

11.   On or about February 3, 1992, the undersigned saw a Doctor out of
this County to find out why he had and still has the numbness in his left
side of his body.  The Doctor confirmed that he undersigned did in fact
have medical problems relating to the left side of the undersigned's
body.  The symptoms the Doctor described and detected are the same
symptoms of Michael R. Richter;

12.    Since the time the undersigned was released he has continued to
have medical problems which began while in Safekeeping at the Sanders
County Jail; and,

8.   The undersigned has been warned by numerous concerned Citizens that
if the undersigned continues to defend himself as regards to unlawful
process and standing up for his convictions these Citizens believe that
some of the the higher powers (William Alexander and/or his hired men,
judges, etc.) of not only this County (Sanders) but some of those of
this State (Montana) and also some of those of another State (Minnesota)
will make sure that the undersigned will have a serious and/or fatal
accident so that the undersigned 

                                -2-

will no longer be a threat to them; therefore,

9.   The undersigned, is causing this Affidavit to be made to inform
the State and Federal agencies as well as the public of this Citizen's
grave concern for not only himself but his family's lives because of
the many warnings he has received from numerous concerned Citizens
of this County and also the mental attitude of the powers that be 
toward those who do not believe the way they do, along with the visual
tactics that the undersigned and many others have seen the powers
that be use.

    FURTHER AFFIANT SAITH NOT.

    SUBSCRIBED AND AFFIRMED this 7th day of February, in the Year
of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus the Christ, Nineteen Hundred and
Ninety-two.


                                    [thumbprint]

                                    John Ernest Trochmann [signature] 
                                    20th Judicial District
                                    C/O P.O. Box 98
                                    Noxon, Republic of Montana State
                                    united [sic] States of America

    We, the undersigned, witness this day that the one known to
us to be the above signator did personally appear before us in Sanders
County, in the Republic of Montana State, and upon due affirmation affix 
the above signature and seal hereto.

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Randy L. Trochmann [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Clive Johnson [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Michael R. Richter [signature]

cc.  Any and all applicable State and Federal Agencies including but
     not limited to Federal Bureau of Investigation!

3540

INDEXED

202205

                I received and filed 
this instrument for record on the 7
day of Feb 1992
at 9:25 o'clock am
Dixie Vaught
       Recorder
Evelyn Cox
       Deputy
Fee 5.00


       *       *       *       *       *       *       *       *


[Document #202383, Filed 2/24/92, 8 pages]

John Ernest Trochmann                         
Twentieth Judicial District
C/O P.O. Box 98
Noxon, Montana
united [sic] States of America

                        AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS
                        ------------------

    The following is a list of statements in the Complaint of D.A.
Groth which are based upon mendacious information of Charlie Nelson,
both are Deputies of the Sheriff's Department of Wright County in
Minnesota.

1.   On or about August 5, 1988, late afternoon, Brandi ran away from
her mother, to me, because of Brandi's mother's alcohol abuse and the
mental, physical, and verbal abuse she was receiving from her mother
over several years, also the alcohol problem that she had which was
allowed and given to Brandi by her mother from the time that she was
13 (thirteen) years of age.  I felt that I could help her get out of
the the environment to which her mother and Step-father had subjected
Brandi to; and,

2.   Between August 5, and August 21 of 1988, Janis Henning would call
me up to several times a day wanting me to bring Brandi back to her so
she could take Brandi to her in-laws family reunion which was on August
21, 1988.  A few days before the reunion I agreed to allow Brandi to go
only if she would be returned to me that same evening after the reunion.
Janis Henning agreed to the stipulation.

3.   On lines 7 and 8 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant, "Janis
Henning tried to get Brandi back from defendant, but the defendant
would not give Brandi to her."  From the time Brandi ran away on August
5, 1988, Brandi did not want to go back to her mothers [sic] and I
agreed not to bring her back because of the abuses Brandi was receiving
as stated in paragraph 1, but, just prior to August 21, 1988, the day
scheduled for the above state family reunion, I told Brandi she should
go with her mother to the family reunion.  She agreed to go only with the 
stipulation that her mother would return her back to me after the family
reunion was over, which she related to her mother, to which her mother
agreed.  Her mother did not arrive at the designated place for the
transfer of Brandi from me to her mother.  Gerald Henning, Brandi's
mother's husband, arrived to pick her up from me.  Charlie Nelson
failed to inform Complainant of the report made by Wright County
Deputy Dehmer, attached hereto, who witnessed the transfer of Brandi
from to me.  All of the above was witnessed by Wright County Deputy
Sheriff, Dehmer, badge number 295, see attached report of Deputy Dehmer;
and,

4.   Charlie Nelson did not inform the Complainant that on or about
August 21, 1988 at approximately 7:10 P.M. I noticed Brandi walking
toward me on the paved road, she was not wearing a coat, kicking the
ground and crying.  I picked her up and she informed me that she had
been given the choice of either staying at her mother's or if she
went to her father's to never come back.  She was told to find her
own way to the place where her Dad was to pick her up because neither
she, her mother, nor her step-father would give her a ride; and,
                 Page 1 of 3 -- AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS

5. Charlie Nelson did not inform the Complainant that between August 21
and August 24, 1988, that her mother never tried to get her back from
me after she had deserted her; and,

6.   On or about August 24, 1988, I sent her, along with her my two
step-brothers and step-sister, to Valley Fair, with friends, to give
her some relief from the mental strain she felt, which was caused by
the daily harrassment [sic] of her Mother and Step-father.  My Wife and 
I then went to said Court hearing in Buffalo, Minnesota.  When I
arrived to pick the children up, I told Brandi that I was told to 
bring her to the Wright County Sheriff's Department, who then, 
according to Wright County Deputy Sheriff Charlie Nelson, would 
bring her to a foster home, the Court would then decide as to whom
she would be given over as far as custody i.e. myself or her mother,
Brandi then told me that she wanted to go to the car because she did
not want anybody to see her crying and wanted to think.   I then told
her where our car was and that her step-mother and I would be there
as soon as we had rounded up the rest of the family.   Approximately
ten minutes later my Wife and I went to our car and upon arrival we
found Brandi gone.  I immediately starting looking for Brandi on my
way to the Park Security in order to get assistance in looking for
Brandi.  I then called the local Sheriff's Department of that County
and informed them that Brandi was missing and I also called the Wright
County Sheriff's Department to inform them that Brandi was missing; and,

7.   On line 13 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that "Judge Douglas
ordered that physical custody of Brandi be immediately returned to Janis
Henning . . . " A mendacious statement in that Judge Douglas said that
he WOULD order it so.

8.   On lines 15 and 16 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that "This
order was served on Defendant . . . "  The truth is that I never received
any such order until August 26, 1988 when it arrived by United States
Postal Service uncertified.

9.   On line 25 and 26 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that I "had
taken Brandi up north or to Montana".  A lie, neither did I say anything
to that effect nor I take her anywhere; and,

10.   On lines 27 and 28 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that I said
many times that ". . . Brandi, was now safe with friends in Montana."  A
lie, I have never made such at a statement at any time.

11.   On line 28 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that Brandi was
observed with me, in a Pickup Truck in front of the Delano Post Office
on October 21, 1988.   A lie, my Wife was with me at the Delano Post
Office on October 21, 1988 and I had not seen Brandi since the time
she ran away August 24, 1988; and,

12.   On lines 30 through 32 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that
some where [sic] around October 1988 that Brandi had called a witness
and stated that she was in Montana with her father.  A lie, I was
still living in the State of 

                 Page 2 of 3 -- AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS

Minnesota up until the third week of December.  I also have many witnesses 
to that fact both in Minnesota and Montana; and,

13.   On line 43 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that "the
defendant brought Brandi up to Sheriff Alexander . . . " A lie, the
truth is that I have never introduced Brandi to Sheriff Bill Alexander.

14.   On lines 44 and 45 Charlie Nelson relates to Complainant that
" Sheriff Alexander states that the defendant has Brandi hid out by
Noxon, Montana, on the "compound."   I have never hidden her anywhere.
I also have numerous witnesses that state that Bill Alexander said he
never said anything of that sort; and,

15.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, have never concealed Brandi from her
mother with an intent to deprive her of any of her parental rights or
deny her, her right to custody; and,

16.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, have never took, obtained or failed to
return Brandi to her mother in violation of a Court order with an 
intent to deprive her mother of her right to custody; and,

17.   I, John Ernest Trochmann, have never fled from the State of 
Minnesota.  Deputies from the Wright County Sheriff's Department
were told by me in mid-December of 1988 that I was moving with my
family to property that I was in the process of acquiring in Montana.
Since late December of 1988 I have returned to the State of Minnesota
on numerous occasions to transport property of mine to Montana.  I 
have also returned to the Wright County Courthouse on some of the
trips back to Minnesota.  I have many witnesses to these facts both
in Minnesota and Montana; and,

    FURTHER AFFIANT SAITH NOT.

    SUBSCRIBED AND AFFIRMED this 23rd day of February, in Sanders
County, in the Republic of Montana State, in the Year of our Lord
and Saviour, Jesus the Christ, Nineteen Hundred and Ninety-two.


                                   [thumbprint]

                                    John E. Trochmann [signature] 
                                    John E. Trochmann

    We, the undersigned, witness this day that the one known to
us to be the above signator did personally appear before us in Sanders
County, in the Republic of Montana State, and upon due affirmation affix 
the above signature and seal hereto.

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Albert L. McCurry [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Robert D. Cowan [signature]

Republic of Montana State Citizen, Michael R. Richter [signature]

                 Page 3 of 3 -- AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS


[attached police report]
[the name "Carolynn" is scrawled across the top of the form]

                          WRIGHT COUNTY
                LAW ENFORCEMENT INITIAL COMPLAINT FORM

INCIDENT NO. 88 015002  SEQ#_____  DATE REPORTED 082188  HOW REP. 911
                                                         PHONE HOME 972-6280
NAME TYPE _____   COMPLAINANT'S NAME JOHN TROCHMAN [sic] BUSINESS __________

ACTIVITY CODE ___ COMPLAINANT'S ADDRESS FRANKLIN TWSP

INCIDENT [illegible] OFFICER FOR CHILD TRANSFER  LOCATION DELANO THEATRE

PATROL AREA 140  UNIT ASSIGNED 135  OFFICER ASSIGNED DEHMER 295  MISC. NO. 

TIME REPORTED 1000   TIME ASSIGNED 1105   OFFICER ASSISTING ________________

TIME ARRIVED 1151    TIME CLEARED 1209    INVESTIGATOR _____________________

PERSON ARRESTED ___________________ DOB / / /      CHARGES _________________

PERSON ARRESTED ___________________ DOB / / /      CHARGES _________________

CALL RECEIVED BY  RTW 294           JURISDICTION [illegible] 08

PERSON REPORTING  SAA               PHONE _______________

PR ADDRESS        SAA             

DETAILS OF INCIDENT:

COMP REQUESTS AN OFFICER TO BE PRESENT WHILE HE GIVES CUSTODY OF HIS
DAUGHTER TO THE MOTHER FOR THE WEEKEND.   COMP FEELS THERE COULD BE
PROBLEMS.  
COMP'S EX-WIFE, JAN HENNING CALLED AT 1118 REQUESTING THE SAME THING.
I INFORMED HER AND COMP THAT DEPUTY DEHMER WILL MEET BOTH OF THEM IN
THE THEATER PARKING LOT AT 1210.
When Comp. arrived he wanted me to sign a form witnessing that he was
turning his daughter over to her mother for the day and that she must
be back by 1900 hrs.  I advised Comp. that I would not sign anything and
that Mr. Henning seemed very agreeable to having the girl back at that
time.  I suggested that they make future exchanges in a public place which
would be neutral ground.  I also advised Comp. that I felt by meeting
at a neutral place there would be no need for a Deputy to stand by.

CIVIL

ESTIMATED TOTAL AMOUNT OF LOSS $ 0

WAS COMPLAINANT NOTIFIED  YES (x)  NO ( )

HOW WAS CASE CLEARED  EXCEPT ( )  UNFOUNDED ( )  CIVIL (x)  ARREST ( )

REPORT MADE BY Tony Dehmer [signature] 295        DATE 8-22-88


[attached felony warrant, a poor copy]

STATE OF MINNESOTA COUNTY OF WRIGHT            DISTRICT COURT

CCT    SECTION/Subdivision U.O.C. GOC CITY ATTY.  CONTROLLING CONTROL NO.
I  M.S. 609.26, Subd. 1(1) K6504  N   FILE NO.    AGENCY
II M.S. 609.26, Subd. 1(3) K6504  N               0860000     88015266
                                  COURT CASE NO.  DATE FILED
                                  K592-161        1-24-92

            COMPLAINT                SUMMONS
                                 XX  WARRANT
                                     ORDER OF DETENTION
If more than [illegible] counts (see attached) PROS ATTY PH: 612-339-6881

    STATE OF MINNESOTA           XX  FELONY
              PLAINTIFF,             GROSS MISDEMEANOR
          VS.
    NAME: first, middle, last                                 Date of Birth
    JOHN E. TROCHMAN [sic] A/K/A JOHN ERNEST TROCHMAN [sic]   08//20/43
              DEFENDANT.
    SJIS COMPLAINT NUMBER  86-11-1-009910
    WRIGHT              CTY

                         COMPLAINT
The Complainant, being duly sworn, makes complaint to the above-named
Court and states that there is probable cause to believe that the 
Defendant committed the following offense(s).  The complainant states
the following facts establish PROBABLE CAUSE:

Complainant states he is a Deputy Sheriff of Wright County, Minnesota,
and makes this Complaint based upon information and reports received
from Wright County Deputy Sheriff Charlie Nelson, whom your complainant
believes to be truthful and reliable.

[a half-obliterated column of line numbers is here omitted]

Based upon said information and reports, your complainant states that
Janis Ruth Henning, formerly known as Janie Ruth Trochman [sic], was
married to John E. Trochman [sic], the above-named defendant.  Janis
and the defendant had a daughter, Brandi Ellen Trochman [sic], who was
born on September 27, 1974.  In 1981, Janis and the defendant got a 
divorce and physical custody of Brandi Ellen Trochman [sic] was awarded
to Janis.  Brandi lived with her mother in Delano, Wright County,
Minnesota.  In early August, 1988, Brandi Trochman [sic] ran away to her 
father, the defendant.  Janis tried to get Brandi back from the defendant, 
but the defendant would not give Brandi to her.  Janis then took the 
defendant to Family Court.  On August 24, 1988, the defendant appeared before
the Honorable Bruce R. Douglas, Judge of District Court, Wright County,
Minnesota.  Also present was Janis Henning, the ex-wife of the defendant.
Both appeared in the Family Court regarding custody motions including the
return of Brandi to Janis Henning, her mother.  Judge Douglas ordered that
physical custody of Brandi be immediately returned to Janis Henning in 
the execution of this Order.  This Order was served on the defendant who
said he would go to Valley Fair where Brandi was at and get her.  
Investigation then shows that the defendant went to Valley Fair and
spoke to his daughter, Brandi.  The defendant told Brandi that she had
to go to a foster home.  Friends of Brandi stated that something else
was said to Brandi by the defendant, but they could not hear.  Brandi
then left to go to the car and approximately ten minutes later the 
defendant leaves to go to the car.   The defendant comes right back and 
tells everyone that Brandi is missing.  Brandi has been missing ever since
and Deputy Nelson has been assigned the task of finding her.  Deputy
Nelson has been working on this case since August 24,1988, to the
present.  Deputy Nelson's investigation led to a witness who stated
that the defendant told him in October, 1988 that he (defendant) had
taken Brandi up north or to Montana.   This same witness was told a number
of times by the defendant that his daughter, Brandi was now safe with
friends in Montana.  Another witness states that on October 21, 1988 he
observed Brandi with her father, the defendant, in a pickup truck in
front of the Delano Post Office.  In October, 1988, Deputy Nelson received
another lead involving a witness who stated that Brandi had called him
(witness) and stated that she was in Montana with her father, the
defendant.  On December 15, 1988, the defendant signs an Affidavit for
Special Appearance wherein he writes: "We didn't take Brandi from you.
You drove away all by yourself."  Defendant further wrote: "Please for
the sake of my precious little girl, put this to an end so that I may tell
her through the newspapers that it is over!  Please!"  On January 26, 1989

                                    1 405 827 1388 [illegible]

                COMPLAINT/INDICTMENT SUPPLEMENT
    SECTION/Subdivision    U.O.C.  GOC
                                              PAGE 2  of 4
                                         SJIS COMPLAINT NUMBER(S):
                                             #86-11-1-009914

Deputy Brooks Martin spoke to Bill Alexander, Sheriff of Sanders County,
Montana, who stated that the defendant was in Sanders County at his
brother's place.  However, at this point, we have not seen Brandi.  On
January 17, 1992, Janis Henning received information from a private
investigator, William Stearns, that Sheriff Bill Alexander of Sanders
County, Montana, had recently seen Brandi with the defendant in Sanders
County.  Sheriff Alexander admits seeing Brandi with the defendant on
August 31, 1991, at the Sanders County Fair.  The defendant brought
Brandi up to Sheriff Alexander and said, "She doesn't look unhappy, does
she."  Sheriff Alexander states that the defendant has Brandi hid out
by Noxon, Montana, on the "compound."

                                    EXHIBIT A -- page 2
                                    [illegible]

                COMPLAINT/INDICTMENT SUPPLEMENT
    SECTION/Subdivision    U.O.C.  GOC
                                              PAGE 3  of 4
                                         SJIS COMPLAINT NUMBER(S):
                                             #86-11-1-009914

The above facts constitute complainant's basis for believing that the
above-named defendant, John E. Trochman [sic], a/k/a John Ernest
Trochman [sic], since August 24, 1988, to the present, in the above-named
County, which was the lawful residence of Brandi Ellen Trochman [sic],
committed the following described offenses:

CHARGE: COUNT I: DEPRIVING ANOTHER OF CUSTODIAL AND PARENTAL RIGHTS
In violation of Section: M.S. 609.26, Subd. 1(1)
Maximum Sentence: M.S. 609.26, Subd. 6(1) -- 2 years $4,000 or both
In that the defendant, John Ernest Trochman [sic], did wrongfully,
feloniously and intentionally conceal a minor child from the child's
parent and the action manifests an intent to substantially deprive that
parent of parental rights and custody, to-wit: the defendant has taken
and kept his daughter, Brandi from her mother who has lawful custody.

CHARGE: COUNT II: DEPRIVING ANOTHER OF CUSTODIAL AND PARENTAL RIGHTS
In violation of Section: M.S. 609.26, Subd. 1(3)
Maximum Sentence: M.S. 609.26, Subd. 6(1) -- 2 years, $4,000 or both
In that the defendant, John Ernest Trochman [sic], did wrongfully,
feloniously and intentionally obtain, retain and fail to return a
minor child to a parent in violation of a Court Order and where the
action manifests an intent to substantially deprive that parent of
rights to visitation and custody.

[obliterated] HEREFORE.  Complainant requests that said Defendant,
subject to bail or conditions of release be: 
    (1) arrested or that other lawful steps be taken to obtain 
        defendant's appearance in court; or
    (2) detained, if already in custody, pending further proceedings;
[obliterated] that said Defendant otherwise be dealt with according
to law.
COMPLAINANT'S NAME     COMPLAINANT'S SIGNATURE    EXHIBIT A -- page 3 
D.A. Groth             D.A. Groth [signature]
        Being duly authorized to prosecute the offense(s) charged,
        I hereby approve this Complaint.
January 24, 1992
PROSECUTING ATTORNEY:       PROSECUTING ATTORNEY'S SIGNATURE:             
[obliterated]/TITLE:        T.N. Kelley [signature]
Thomas N. Kelley            ADDRESS/TELEPHONE: Wright County
Assistant County Attorney                      Government Center
Attorney I.D. #150241       Buffalo, MN 55313   682-7348

[illegible]

3552

202205

                I received and filed 
this instrument for record on the 24
day of Feb 1992
at 9:04 o'clock am
Dixie Vaught
       Recorder
Tillie Wollasten
       Deputy
Fee 5.00


       *       *       *       *       *       *       *       *


    These documents are public records and are not subject to copyright.
Copies may be obtained directly, for 25 cents a page, from:

    Sanders County Clerk & Recorder
    POB 519
    Thompson Falls, MT 59873

    

rule

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