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Orange County

Public Enemy Number One (PEN1)

Billy Joe Johnson, 46, sentenced to death for conspiracy to commit murder and first-degree murder, the latter with the enhancements of murder by lying in wait and murder for the benefit of the gang, for the 2002 ambush slaying of a fellow PEN1 member. On March 8, 2002, Scott Miller, 38, a founding member of PEN1, was found shot in the back of the head at close range in an Anaheim alley. During Johnson's trial witnesses testified that Johnson brought Miller to the alley claiming they were there for a drug deal. Waiting in the alley were fellow PEN1 members Michael Lamb and Jacob Rump. One year prior to the murder, Miller participated in a local television interview in which he revealed information about the gang, including its drug trafficking activities. Miller's death was retaliation for the interview. Lamb, 34, was since sentenced to death; Rump was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. Johnson did not originally face charges connected to the murder, but during Lamb and Rump's trial he testified for the defense that he killed Miller. Johnson is already serving 45 years to life in prison for beating a man to death with a hammer in Huntington Beach in 2004.



San Bernardino

Hate Filled Skins

Christopher "Danny" Fulmer, 21, was sentenced to 21 years in state prison for the hate crime murder of a Hispanic man. In September, a jury convicted Fulmer of manslaughter with a hate crime enhancement for the fatal shooting of a Hispanic man, as well as attempted voluntary manslaughter with a firearm for shooting and injuring a second man. On December 4, 2007, Fulmer, then 19, and a group of friends clashed with the two Hispanic victims and their friends in Yucaipa. During the melee, Fulmer shot and killed a 30-year-old man, and shot and wounded a second man. Fulmer, a member of the racist skinhead Hate Filled Skins, went after the group because he believed they were Mexican. Prosecutors described Fulmer's numerous white supremacist tattoos to the jury – "HFS" for Hate Filled Skins on his left arm, an Iron Cross on his back, and a swastika on his chest – and showed them photographs of Fulmer and friends giving a Nazi salute on a MySpace social networking profile.



Wasco County

European Kindred (EK)

James Paulk Jr., 31, pleaded guilty to murder. In accordance with the plea, Paulk will receive a sentence of life in prison with the possibility of parole in 25 years. Because Paulk is already serving a sentence from Washington State, the parole eligibility will be delayed until he serves 31 years. Paulk and his victim, Christopher Bailey, were both members of the violent racist prison gang European Kindred (EK). On June 28, 2007, Paulk, Bailey, and Bailey's girlfriend went out drinking. During the drive home Paulk pulled out a handgun and shot Bailey numerous times. Paulk continued to drive around with Bailey's dead body in his car for the next week. About a week later, Paulk drove into Washington State, and dropped the body off a cliff and into a ravine. After leaving the body, Paulk carjacked a vehicle, robbing, shooting and wounding the owner, and stealing the car. Paulk has since pleaded guilty in Washington to robbery in the first degree, assault in the second degree with a deadly weapon, unlawful possession of a firearm by a felon and malicious mischief in the first degree for the carjacking incident, and is currently incarcerated for these charges.




Skinhead Dogs

Matthew Schumacher, 27, a member of the Ventura-based racist Skinhead Dogs, pleaded guilty to one count of battery as well as three enhancements: battery as a hate crime, battery carried out as part of gang activity, and battery committed by a felon; Schumacher has served time in prison for a drug-related conviction. The enhancements elevated the battery charge from a misdemeanor to a felony. On the morning of July 25, 2009, Schumacher, who reportedly has numerous white supremacist tattoos, assaulted a 25-year-old white male who was at a gas station with his African-American girlfriend. Schumacher made racial slurs, then punched the man in the back of his head while he was pumping gas, knocking him to the ground.




Vinlanders Social Club

Authorities in Pennsylvania have charged Michael John Parrish with criminal homicide, attempted criminal homicide and aggravated assault, for the double murder of his girlfriend and 18-month-old son. Prosecutors have announced that they will seek the death penalty due to the special provisions of the killing of a child under 12 and a double homicide. Parrish was an associate of the Vinlanders Social Club, and was also a corrections officer at the Monroe County Correctional Facility, despite sporting numerous blatant white supremacist tattoos.

On July 6, 2009, the body of Parrish's girlfriend, 21, was discovered with seven bullet wounds; their baby, who had recently received a heart transplant and still had to be fed through a tube, had been shot three times. Parrish was arrested on July 7, after allegedly fleeing the area with fellow white supremacist, Conrad Jankowski. According to a relative of the victim, Parrish had been stockpiling food and other supplies in the attic after the election of Barack Obama. Jankowski, who allegedly has a swastika tattoo on his chest, is charged with hindering apprehension during the investigation into the shooting. Both men have additionally been charged in New Hampshire as fugitives from justice.




Inland Empire Skinheads

Mark Goslyn, 33, pleaded guilty in Victorville Superior Court to conspiracy to commit robbery. Because this was his third felony conviction, he received a mandatory sentence of 25 years to life under California's Three Strikes law. Goslyn was one of a group of Inland Empire Skinheads (IE Skins) arrested by a sheriff's Specialized Enforcement Division on April 20, following a yearlong investigation. The group members were arrested on a variety of charges, including selling Vicodin, conspiracy to commit a crime, assault, street terrorism, residential robbery, being felons in possession of guns, and other weapons charges. Those arrested along with Goslyn include Raymond Williams, 33, who is on the National Terrorist Watch List, Jeremy Brower, 32, of Winchester, Carrie Goodwin, 24, and brothers Thomas Mason, 23, and Joseph Mason, 20, all of Hesperia, and Joshua Butler, 27, and Ronald Proffitt, 27, of El Monte. In May, Butler and Goodwin both pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit residential robbery and gang activity. Butler was sentenced to nine years in prison; Goodwin has not yet been sentenced. Joseph Mason pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit assault and gang activity and was sentenced to 8 years and 8 months in prison.

2009 Anti-Defamation League