OREGON

European Kindred (EK)
Originally formed as a racist prison gang (with a number of skinhead members) in the Oregon prison system, the EK have now established a huge street presence throughout the state as members are released from prisons. Originally founded in 1998 by inmates Brian Wrisley and David Patrick Kennedy at the Snake River Prison in eastern Oregon, the group has grown into one of the most violent and fastest growing gangs in Portland, and is heavily involved in the methamphetamine trade. Other criminal activity includes burglaries, identity theft, home invasions, and witness intimidation. The gang's activities have crossed state lines into Washington, Utah, and California. Similar to another racist prison gang, the Aryan Brotherhood, their behavior parallels that of organized crime- driven by money and drugs, not just racism. Members also follow the religion of Odinism, commonly (but not exclusively) practiced by white supremacists.

Northwest Hammerskins (NWHS)
The northwest regional chapter of the Hammerskin Nation has some members in Oregon, who maintain a loose relationship with Volksfront, a neo-Nazi organization based in Portland.

Volksfront
Founded in October 1994, Volksfront is a skinhead-oriented neo-Nazi group that developed in the Oregon State Prison system and was initially composed of former members of several 1980s racist skinhead gangs, including East Side White Pride, Youth of Hitler, South East Skins, as well as other non-affiliated racists. Randal Lee Krager, convicted of hate crimes in the 1990s, was the leader of the group. In December 2004, he announced his resignation as head of Volksfront, although he remains active in a leadership role. The new titular leader of the group is Rick Arden of Hesperia, California. Volksfront has a presence in several Oregon cities including Eugene, Springfield, Salem, and Portland, where it is headquartered. Volksfront skinheads have also been active in Arizona, California, Washington, and in the northeastern United States. Most recently, it has tried to establish a presence in the Midwest. The group also claims to have chapters in Canada and Germany and a new one forming in Spain. In a fall 2004 interview, Krager claimed that Volksfront would be building a headquarters on land it purchased in Southern Oregon. A number of members and former members of Volksfront have been convicted of hate crimes or other crimes; perhaps the most notorious was the murder by Volksfront member Kurtis Monschke and three other skinheads of a homeless man in Tacoma, Washington, in 2003 (see introduction).
    August 2005: Jacob Albert Laskey, his brother Gabriel Doyle Laskey, and Gerald Anthony Poundstone, all three of whom have ties to Volksfront, were charged with conspiracy to violate civil rights for allegedly throwing rocks engraved with swastikas through windows at Temple Beth Israel in Eugene, Oregon, during a religious service in 2002. Laskey was also charged with two counts of obstruction of justice for allegedly intimidating witnesses, three counts of solicitation to kill potential witnesses, solicitation to communicate a bomb threat and obstruct a federal investigation and being a felon in possession of a firearm and ammunition. Poundstone faces an additional charge of obstruction of justice related to the intimidation of a witness.
Unaffiliated Skinheads
    August 2005: Four racist skinheads, three men and one woman, allegedly threatened several African-Americans in Gresham with a machete at a convenience store while shouting “white power” and giving Nazi salutes, then later tried to run them down with a vehicle. Police arrested William P. Henry of Gresham and Christian L. Coats, Dennis Lloyd Mothersbaugh, and Ariane E. Celis of Gresham, charging them with first-degree intimidation, first-degree attempted assault, and menacing. Henry was also charged with reckless endangerment. Mothersbaugh was ordered held without bail for violating his probation for a 2003 racially motivated assault conviction.

    March 2003: Bryce Ray Woods, a racist skinhead, received a seven year sentence for a 2003 attack on two African Americans. Woods and another skinhead, Dennis Lloyd Mothersbaugh, stabbed one man and held a gun to the head of another. Woods pleaded no contest to charges of assault, intimidation, unlawful use of a weapon, felon in possession of a restricted weapon and menacing. Mothersbaugh pleaded no contest to charges of intimidation and menacing and was sentenced to a year in prison.

    January 2003: Unidentified skinheads in Medford attacked homeless men in two separate attacks, beating them and yelling “white pride.”
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Terror Plot in Tennessee
On October 22, 2008, the Crockett County, Tennessee, Sheriff's Office, along with agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), uncovered and prevented what could have been the deadliest extremist shooting spree in years, designed to culminate with the assassination of Barack Obama.


ADL Reports Resurgence of Racist Skinheads in U.S.
Extremism in America
Hate Symbols Database
Upcoming Extremist Events

CAVEAT: NOT EVERY SKINHEAD A RACIST
The skinhead subculture was not originally racist —and, in fact, today around the world there remain many non-racist or explicitly anti-racist skinheads (often called sharps, for “skinheads against racial prejudice”).



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