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 Terrorism

  INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST SYMBOLS DATABASE
  Kahane Movement (1)

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Other Kahane Movement Symbols:
  Description: A clenched fist outlined in black is raised through the middle of a black Star of David.

Explanation:The fist conveys strength, courage and militancy. The Star of David represents the group's Jewish identity.


| Groups | Overview | Focus of Operations | Major Attacks | Leaders | Ideology | Goals | Methods | Sponsors | U.S.- Related Activities |

Groups
  • Kahane Chai
  • Kach
  • Jewish Defense League
Overview
The Kahane Movement consists of several extremist Jewish groups who follow the Jewish nationalist ideology of the late Rabbi Meir Kahane. In Israel, they include: the Kach Party, Kahane Chai, the National Jewish Front and G'dud Haivri (The Jewish Legion); in the United States: the Jewish Defense League, and the Jewish Defense Organization. These organizations advocate militant Jewish nationalism as a means to protect the Jewish people. In its 35 year history, Kahane's supporters have demonstrated a pattern of xenophobia, anti-Arab bigotry and violence in the U.S. and Israel.

Kahane's assassination in 1990 greatly weakened the movement, particularly in the U.S. where few followers remain. The Oslo Peace Process in 1993, however, galvanized Kahanists in Israel and increased their violent activities. Since the onset of the second intifada in 2000, former Kach and Kahane Chai members have opposed a negotiated peace with the Palestinians through physical confrontations and violent means. Working with other Jewish extremists, such as Revava and the Temple Mount Faithful, its members have threatened to revolt against the Israeli government in response to any Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories.

Focus of Operations
Israel and the United States

Major Attacks
  • March 5, 2002: A homemade time-bomb exploded in the courtyard of a Palestinian school in the Sur Bahir neighborhood of East Jerusalem, injuring 24 students and 2 teachers.
  • November 4, 1995: Yigal Amir, a follower of Meir Kahane, assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
  • February 25, 1994: During the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, Baruch Goldstein opened fire on a group of Muslim worshippers at the Al-Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron, killing 29. As a result of the attack, Israel banned Kahane Chai, confiscated their weapons and arrested their leaders
  • November 1992: Grenade attack in Jerusalem. 1 killed, 8 wounded.
Leaders
  • Founder: Rabbi Meir Kahane (assassinated by El Sayyid Nosair in New York City 11/5/90)
  • Leader: Binyamin Kahane (deceased)
  • Leader: Baruch Marzel
  • Leader: Noam Federman
Ideology
Militant Jewish nationalism

Goals
Ridding Israel, the West Bank and Gaza of Arabs.

Methods
Protests, harassment, shootings, bombings.

Sponsors
None known

U.S.-Related Activities
  • December 11, 2001: JDL leader Irv Rubin and Earl Krugel, the group's former West Coast coordinator, were arrested days before they planned to blow up the San Clemente offices of Darrell Issa, a Lebanese-American Republican congressman; the Muslim Public Affairs Council in Los Angeles; and, the King Fahd mosque in Culver City, south of Beverly Hills. Rubin committed suicide while awaiting trial in November 2002. In September 2005, Krugel was sentenced to 20 years in prison for his role in the plot.
  • American members of Kahane Chai maintain a base of operations in Brooklyn, NY. This base was raided by the F.B.I. in January, 2001.
  • Summer, 1993: Established a training camp in New York's Catskill Mountains. 120 trainees from the U.S., Canada, and Britain participated in weapons drills, instruction in urban warfare, counterterrorism, fitness instruction, ideological lectures, and Hebrew lessons.
  • February 26, 1992: Reportedly responsible for two small bombs which went off outside the Syrian Mission to the United Nations
  • Kahane Chai is designated by the U.S. as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.

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