To stop the defamation of the Jewish people... to secure justice and fair treatment to all
Anti-Defamation League ABOUT ADL FIND YOUR 


  Palestinian Islamic Jihad


  Description: The dome of the Al Aksa Mosque is at the center. Two rifles extend diagonally from behind the mosque. Between the rifles, in Arabic, is the phrase "God is the greatest." The mosque rests on two red fists extending right and left horizontally. A map of Israel and the territories, colored in green, is superimposed over the fists and the Mosque.

Two Arabic phrases circle the image. The phrase at bottom says "Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine." At the top is a Koranic verse: "And those who strive in Our (cause) - We will certainly guide them to our Paths, For verily Allah is with those who do right."

Explanation: The symbol vividly uses red, green and black, the colors of the Palestinian flag. Black: The rifles behind Al Aksa Mosque are a reference to the group's militancy; the Mosque is a symbol of Palestinian nationalism and has powerful religious significance. Red: The red fists represent the group's commitment to jihad. Green: The map of Israel, including the territories, is in green, the color of Islam, denotes PIJ's view that the land should belong to Muslims.

| Name Variations | Overview | Focus of Operations | Major Attacks | Leaders | Ideology | Goals | Methods | Sponsors | U.S.- Related Activities |

Name Variations
Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine

Established in Gaza in 1980 by radical members of the Muslim Brotherhood, Palestinian Islamic Jihad is dedicated to the violent destruction of Israel and the unification of the Muslim world under an Islam "purified" of modern Western elements. Unlike the larger and better-funded Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad does not manage social welfare programs; it concentrates instead on spectacular attacks against Israeli civilians and military forces, sometimes using women and children as suicide bombers. In 1995 a former adjunct professor at the University of South Florida in Tampa named Ramadan Abdallah Shallah took over the organization after the assassination of its previous leader, Fathi Shikaki, and called for Israel's destruction. Another University of South Florida professor, Sami Al-Arian, has been indicted for raising funds for the group.

Focus of Operations
West Bank, Gaza, Israel, Syria, Lebanon

Major Attacks
  • October 4, 2003: Suicide bombing at Maxim restaurant in Haifa 22 killed, 60 wounded.
  • June 5, 2002: Suicide bombing at Meggido junction, Israel 18 killed, 50 injured.
  • March 4, 1996: Suicide bombing at Dizengoff shopping mall in Tel Aviv 13 killed, 75 injured.
  • Secretary-General: Dr. Ramadan Abdullah Shallah (in Damascus)
  • Founder: Fathi Shikaki (killed)
  • Founder: Abdel Aziz Odeh
  • Founder: Bashir Musa
Militant Islamic Fundamentalism

  • Destruction of Israel
  • Establishment of an Islamic state over all of Palestine
Suicide bombings and paramilitary operations against civilian and military targets.

Iran, Lebanon, Syria.

U.S.-Related Activities
  • Ramadan Abdullah Shallah, the group's current leader, and Sami Al-Arian, both former professors at the University of South Florida, were indicted by the U.S. in February 2003 for providing material support to terrorism.
  • Designated by the U.S. as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.


Home | Search | About ADL | Donate | Contact ADL | Privacy Policy |
| Update Your E-mail Preferences |

Help support our work by sending your tax deductible gift to:
ADL, 605 Third Ave., New York, NY 10158, Attn: Development.

To speak to an ADL professional about giving opportunities
Please call 866-FUND-ADL or 866-386-3235
We thank you for your support

© 2013 Anti-Defamation League. All rights reserved. The Anti-Defamation League is a not-for-profit organization recognized as tax-exempt under Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3).