| INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST SYMBOLS DATABASE
| Palestinian National and Islamic Forces
Description: A ring of joined hands encircles a green map of Israel and the territories. In the perimeter of a circle around the hands the words "National and Islamic Forces" appear in both English and Arabic. Palestinian flags frame the circle, and a small image of the Al Aksa Mosque appears at the top."
Explanation: The map of Israel and the territories, nested in the joined hands, signifies the organization's aim of ruling that land. The flags symbolize Palestinian nationalism, as does the Al Aksa Mosque; the mosque also expresses a religious sentiment. The joined hands are symbolic of the unity of the different groups that are part of the organization.
| Name Variations | Overview | Focus of Operations | Major Attacks | Leaders | Ideology | Goals | Methods | Sponsors | U.S.- Related Activities |
National and Islamic Forces
The National and Islamic Forces group was formed shortly after the outbreak of the second intifada in 2000. It is a committee comprised of representatives from each of the most important Palestinian political factions, both mainstream and radical, including Hamas, the PFLP and the PLFP-GC. It was formed with the authorization of former Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and was led by Marwan Barghouti, who was incarcerated in 2002. The National and Islamic Forces coordinates the agenda of its members and helps plan and execute joint terror operations against Israel. While the group enjoyed significant influence during the second intifada, it has been less visible since the election of Mahmoud Abbas in 2005.
Focus of Operations
West Bank, Gaza, Israel
None known; it facilitates but does not conduct attacks.
Authorized by Yasser Arafat; led during the second intifada by Marwan Barghouti.
Organizing a unified effort among major Palestinian factions to oppose Israel and coordinate terror attacks.
Organizes meetings of, and disseminates information to, member groups.
Organizes and sponsors large demonstrations.
The Palestinian Authority
Organizes anti-U.S. demonstrations in the West Bank and Gaza.