| INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST SYMBOLS DATABASE
| Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command (1)
Other PFLP – GC Symbols:
Description: To the right of the green map of Israel and the territories is the Arabic word for "return," at the top is "sacrifice" and to the left is "liberation." Two rifles cross in the foreground; between them are the words "General Command." The rifles rest on a banner with Palestinian flags at both ends. The Arabic script on the banner says "The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine."
Explanation: The map's depiction in green symbolizes the group's intention to liberate the land it believes should belong to the Palestinians. The guns crossing the map represent the group's militancy and readiness to use violence. The Palestinian flags signify the group's nationalism.
| Name Variations | Overview | Focus of Operations | Major Attacks | Leaders | Ideology | Goals | Methods | Sponsors | U.S.- Related Activities |
The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command (PFLP - GC)
The Damascus-based Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-GC splintered from the PFLP in 1968 due to differences between PFLP head George Habash and Ahmad Jibril, who started the new group. Unlike Habash, Jibril was committed to armed struggle and rejected political engagement with other Palestinian factions or a negotiated settlement with Israel.
Funded and materially supported by Syria, the PFLP-GC committed several international terrorist attacks in the 1970s, including the bombing of airliners and Israeli targets worldwide. During the 1980s the organization primarily targeted U.S. and West German interests in Europe, although its fighters also took part in the resistance to the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon. Since the start of the second intifada, the PFLP-GC (now also supported by Iran) has primarily acted as a conduit to Hamas and Islamic Jihad cells in the territories, providing them with anti-aircraft weapons and other heavy arms. The organization has also unsuccessfully attempted attacks in Israel.
Focus of Operations
West Bank, Gaza, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Germany, Sweden
- April 11, 1974: Three suicide bombers near Kiryat Shimona:
18 hostages killed.
- February 27, 1970: Bombed a Swiss airliner en route to Israel:
Founder/Leader: Ahmad Jibril (in Lebanon)
Palestinian nationalist with small Islamic influence
- Achieving Arab unity through the establishment of a Palestinian state in Israel and the territories.
- Paramilitary operations, suicide bombings and unconventional attacks against civilian and military targets.
- Supporting other Palestinian terrorist groups through arms-smuggling and acting as intermediary to Iran.
Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Libya
- April 26, 1988: Bombing of a U.S. military train in Germany.
- Designated by the U.S. as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.