- Work with
your school administration to establish a plan for responding
promptly to hate incidents and hate crimes.
- Educate school
staff on how to recognize hate-motivated incidents and hate crimes.
procedures for reporting hate-motivated incidents/crimes.
school policies which clearly indicate that hate-motivated behavior
will not be tolerated.
- Respond promptly
- Conduct a
complete investigation of the incident, including the questioning
of victim(s), witness/es and perpetrators. Report hate-motivated
crimes to law enforcement. If there is physical damage - defacing,
spray-pointing, etc. - take photographs. As soon as law enforcement
personnel have viewed the damage and photographs have been token,
have the damage repaired. If hate literature has been distributed,
collect the literature for evidence.
- Train school
counselors to assist hate-motivated crime victims and/or provide
referral sources to community agencies. Reassure the victim and
or her family that the incident will be treated seriously.
proper disciplinary action according to school protocols.
- If your district
has a reporting policy, submit a hate-motivated crime/incident
report to the appropriate district offices.
whether or not additional follow-up activities are necessary,
e.g., staff and student awareness activities, responses to the
in Identifying Acts as Bias Related
- The motivation
behind the act determines whether an incident is bias related.
Although no one factor is conclusive, the following criteria,
applied singly or in combination, should be used to determine
if probable cause exists to believe that an incident was motivated
entirely or in port by animosity toward the victim because of
his or her race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity or national
- Were words,
symbols or acts which are or may be offensive to an identifiable
group used by the perpetrator, or are they present as evidence?
For example, is there a burning cross or a pointed swastika, or
were derogatory words or slurs or graffiti directed at a particular
racial, religious, ethnic or other group?
- Are the victim
and the suspected perpetrator members of different racial, religious
or ethnic groups?
- Has the victim
or the victim's group been subjected to post incidents of a similar
nature? Has there been tension or hostility between the victim's
group and another particular racial, religious or ethnic group?
- Is the victim
the only minority group member in the neighborhood or one of just
a few such persons?
- Did the victim
recently move into the area? Is the victim acquainted with neighbors
and/or local community groups? Has there been evidence of hostility
toward the victim by neighbors?
- When multiple
incidents occur at the same time, are all victims of the some
race, ethnicity, religion, national origin or sexual orientation?
- Does a meaningful
portion of the community perceive and respond to the situation
as a bias related incident?
- Does the incident
appear to be timed to coincide with a specific holiday or date
of significance (e.g., Martin Luther King Day, Rosh Hashanah,
- Has the victim
been involved in recent public activity that would possibly make
him or her a target? For example, has the victim been associated
with any prominent recent or past activities relating to his or
her race, ethnicity, religion or sexual orientation (e.g., NAACP,
gay rights rally, demonstrations by or against the Ku Klux Klan)?
- Has there been
prior/recent news coverage of events of a similar nature?
- What were
the manner and means of attack (e.g., color of point, symbols
or signs utilized, unusual spelling of the words used)? Is the
modus operandi similar to other documented incidents?
- Is there an
ongoing neighborhood problem that may have initiated or contributed
to the act (i.e., could the act be retribution for some conflict
between neighbors or with area juveniles)?
- Does the perpetrator
responsible have a true understanding of the impact of the crime/incident
on the victim or other group members? Are the perpetrators juveniles?
- Does the crime/incident
indicate possible involvement by an organized hate group (e.g.,
Ku Klux Klan, American Nazi Party)? For example: a. Is the literature
printed or handwritten? Does it contain an identifiable hate group
symbol or insignia or hate group address? b. Is there any documented
or suspected organized hate group activity in the area?